- Muthuswami Dikshitar
Muthuswami Dikshitar Background information Born March 24, 1775 Origin Tiruvarur, Thanjavur, India Died October 21, 1835 (aged 60) Genres Carnatic music Occupations Carnatic Composer
Muthuswami Dikshitar (Tamil:முத்துஸ்வாமி தீக்ஷிதர, Devanagari:मुत्तुस्वामि दीक्षित:, March 24, 1775 – October 21, 1835) is a South Indian poet and composer and is one of the Musical Trinity of Carnatic music. His compositions, of which around 500 are commonly known, are noted for their contemplative nature and for capturing the essence of the raga forms through the vainika (veena) style that emphasises gamakas. They are typically in a slower speed (chowka kala). He is also known by his signature name of Guruguha. His compositions are widely sung and played in classical concerts of Carnatic music.
The Musical trinity consists of Dikshitar, Thyagaraja (1767–1847), and Syama Sastri (1762–1827), although unlike the Telugu compositions of the others, his compositions are predominantly in Sanskrit.
Early life and background
Muthuswami Dikshitar was born in Tiruvarur (of Thiruvarur district in what is now the state of Tamil Nadu) to a Tamil Iyer Brahmin couple Ramaswami Dikshitar and Subbamma, as the eldest son. According to the account of Subbarama Dikshitar, Muttuswami Dikshitar was born in the manmatha year, in the month of Panguni under the asterism Krittikaa. He was named after the temple deity, Muttukumaraswamy; legend has it that he was born after his parents prayed for a child in the temple of Vaitheeswaran Temple. He also had two younger brothers Baluswami, Chinnaswami and a sister Balambal.
In keeping with the Brahminic educational tradition, Muthuswami learnt the Sanskrit language, Vedas, and other important religious texts. He also obtained his preliminary musical education from his father.
While he was still in his teens, his father sent him on a pilgrimage with a wandering monk named Chidambaranatha Yogi, to gain musical and philosophical knowledge. Over the course of this pilgrimage, he visited many places in North India, and acquired a broad outlook that is reflected in many of his compositions. During their stay in Kashi (Varanasi), his guru Chidambaranatha Yogi, presented Dikshitar with a unique Veena, and died shortly thereafter. The samādhi of Chidambaranatha Yogi can still be seen in the Hanuman Ghat area in Varanasi.
According to legend, his guru asked Muthuswami to visit Tiruttani (a temple town near Chennai). There, while he was immersed deep in meditation, an old man appeared and asked him to open his mouth. He dropped sugar candy into his mouth and disappeared. As he opened his mouth, he had a vision of the deity Muruga and Dikshitar burst forth into his first composition "Shri Nathadi Guruguho" in the raga Mayamalavagowla.
This song addressed the Lord (and/or the guru) in the first declension in Sanskrit. Dikshitar later composed kritis in all the eight declensions on the Lord. These are mostly with epithets glorifying the guru and have very few references to Lord Muruga or specifically to the deity in the saguna form, as at Thiruthani.
Muthuswami Dikshitar attained mastery over the Veena, and the influence of Veena playing is evident in his compositions, particularly the gamakas. In his kriti Balagopal, he introduces himself as a vaiNika gAyaka, "a player of the veeNA". He also experimented with the violin, and among his disciples, Vadivelu of the Thanjavur Quartet, and his brother Baluswami Dikshitar pioneered the use of violin in Carnatic Music, now an integral part of most carnatic ensembles.
On his return to Tiruvarur, he composed on every deity in the Tiruvarur temple complex including Tyagaraja (an amsha of Lord Shiva), the presiding deity, Nilotpalambal, his consort, and the Goddess Kamalambal an independent deity of high tantric significance in the same temple complex. This is when he composed the famous Kamalamba Navavarna cycle, filled with exemplary sahityas which proved to be the showcase of his compositions. These navavaranams were in all the eight declensions of the Sanskrit language and are sung as a highlight of Guruguha Jayanti celebrated every year. He continued to display his prowess by composing the Navagraha Kritis in praise of the nine planets. The sahitya of the songs reflect a profound knowledge of the Mantra and Jyotisha sastras. The Nilotpalamba Kritis is another classic set of compositions which revived dying ragas like Narayanagaula, Purvagaula, and Chayagaula
Muttuswami Dikshitar was approached by four dance masters from Tanjavur: Sivanandam, Ponnayya, Chinnayya and Vadivelu. They expressed their desire to learn music from him and entreated him to accompany them to Tanjavur. There, Dikshitar imparted to them the 72 mela tradition handed down by Venkata Vaidyanatha Dikshita.The students showed their gratitude by composing a set of nine songs called Navaratna Mala glorifying their guru. These four disciples became what is known as the Tanjore Quartette and are revered as the prime composers of music for Bharatanatyam.
At a young age, Dikshitar was also exposed to the music of the Western bands at Fort St. George. At a later stage, Dikshitar composed some forty songs to several (mostly western folk) tunes loosely adopted to ragas such as sankarabharaNa. This corpus is now known as nottusvara sAhitya (etym. nottusvara = "notes" swara). The influence of Celtic and Baroque styles in these compositions is quite evident (e.g., Sakthi Sahitha Ganapatim, to the tune of voulez-vous dancer, Varashiva Balam). There is an erroneous belief that these were composed at the behest of CP Brown, the Collector of Cuddappah. This is not possible as the two could have never met. Muttuswami Diskhitar had left Madras by 1799 (ref V Raghavan's monograph published by the NCPA). Brown came to Madras only in 1817, learnt Telugu in 1820 and moved over to Cuddappah the same year (ref Brown's wikipedia write-up).
On Deepavali day,in the year 1835, Dikshithar performed puja as usual and asked his students to sing the song "Meenakshi Me Mudam" in the raga Gamakakriya.
As his students sang the lines "Meena lochani pasa mochani" he raised his hands and saying "Sive Pahi" left his mortal coil.
His Samathi is at Ettaya puram ( Mahakavi Bharathi's Birth Place), between Koilpatti (14 km) and Tuticorin.
Muthuswami Dikshitar died on 21 October 1835. Dikshitar had a daughter but it was the descendants of his brother Baluswami who have preserved his musical legacy, and his compositions have been popularized due to the efforts of people like Subbarama Dikshitar and Ambi Dikshitar.
Baluswami Dikshitar, the sixth descendant in the line, a well known vainika by his own rights, resided in Trichy and then moved to Chennai in 1957. He died in November 1985. He has two sons and two daughters. The eldest son, Muthuswamy, the seventh descendent in the line, retired as a top executive in the State Bank of India group of banks and then was the Managing Director and CEO of a private sector bank.The younger son runs his own small scale industry near Madurai. Both the daughters are married and well settled in Chennai.
The Raja Rajeswari, Vallabha Ganapathi, Sree Chakra, Banalingam, Saligramam and other idols, given to Shri Muthuswamy Dikshithar by his guru Chidambaranatha Yogi is in the family with the eldest son Muthuswamy along with the veena (with the upturned Yaali Mukha) with the Sanskrit inscription "Sri Ram" said to have been given to Dikshithar by Goddess Sarasvati, when he bathed in the river Ganges, as indication of his having attained Mantra Siddhi.
Indian Music Indian classical music Carnatic music Hindustani music Core Concepts Shruti · Swara · Alankar · Rāga · Tāla
His total compositions are about 450 to 500, most of which are very widely sung by musicians today in Carnatic music concerts. Most of his compositions are in Sanskrit and in the Krithi form i.e. poetry set to music. Muthuswami Dikshitar traveled to many holy shrines throughout his life, and composed krithis on the deities and temples he visited. Dikshitar is considered to have composed on the widest range of deities for any composer.
Each of his compositions is unique and brilliantly crafted. The compositions are known for the depth and soulfulness of the melody - his visions of some of the ragas are still the final word on their structure. His Sanskrit lyrics are in praise of the temple deity, but Muthuswami introduces the Advaita thought seamlessly into his songs, resolving the inherent relationship between Advaita philosophy and polytheistic worship. His songs also contain much information about the history of the temple, and its background, thus preserving many customs followed in these old shrines.
Muttuswami also undertook the project of composing in all the 72 Melakartha ragas, (in his Asampurna Mela scheme) thereby providing a musical example for many rare and lost ragas. Also, he was the pioneer in composing samashti charanam krithis (songs in which the main stanza or pallavi is followed by only one stanza, unlike the conventional two). Dikshitar was a master of tala and is the only composer to have kritis in all the seven basic talas of the Carnatic scheme. Dikshitar shows his skill in Sanskrit by composing in all the eight declensions.
Muthuswami Dikshitar composed many kritis in groups. The following lists describe those groups and compositions that belong to each group.
Maha Ganapati Krithis
Deekshitar composed 26 songs in temples of lord Ganesha in around Tiruvarur.
Kriti Raga Tala Kshetra / Deity Audio Links Eka dantam bhajEham bilahari trisRa tripuTa gajAdhISAdanyam najAnEham nATa kuranji tripuTa gajAnana yutam gaNEswaram vEga vAhini (cakravAkam) Adi N.Ramani (Flute) - http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_EuDXZbYuLE gaNapatE mahAmatE kaLyANi rUpaka gaNarAjEna samrakshitOham Arabhi rUpaka gaNESa kumAra pAhimAm janjhUti Eka hasti vadanAya namastubhyam navarOj miSRa Eka kari kalabha mukham sAvEri rUpaka lambOdarAya namastE varALi khanDa Eka mahA gaNapatE pAlayAsumAm naTa nArAyaNi Adi mahA gaNapatim manasA smarAmi nATa Chaturasra Eka mahA gaNapatim vandE thODi mUlAdhAra chakra vinAyaka SrI Adi pancha mAtanga mukha gaNapatinA malahari rUpaka rakta gaNapatim bhajEham mOhana Adi siddhi vinAyakam anisam Shanmukhapriya rUpaka srI gaNanAtham bhajarE ISa manOhari rUpaka srI gaNESAt param nahirE Ardra dEsi misRa jhampe srI mahA gaNapathiravatu mAm gouLa trisRa tripuTa swEta gaNapatim rAga chUDAmaNi' tripuTa uchhishTa gaNapatou bhaktim kRtvA kAsi rAma kriya Adi vallabha nAyakasya bhaktou bhavAmi bEgaDa rUpaka vAtApi gaNapatim Hamsadhvani Adi Muladhara Ganapati MS Subbulakshmi - http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_7JKuVOCk34 vinAyaka vighna nAshaka vEga vAhini (chakravakam) rUpaka
Guruguha Vibhakti krithis
Vibhakti Kriti Raga Tala Audio Links 1-prathama SrI nAthAdi guruguhO jayati jayati mAyA mALava gowLa Adi 2-dwitIya mAnasa guruguha rUpam bhajarE Ananda bhairavi rUpaka 3-tRtIya Sri gurunA pAlitOsmi pADi rUpaka 4-chaturthi guruhuhAya bhaktAnugrahAya sAma Adi 5-panchami guruhuhAdanyam najAnEham bala hamsa jhampe 6-shashTi srI guruhuhasya dAsOham pUrvi misRa chApu 7-saptami srI guruhuha swAmini bhaktim karOmi bhAnumati khanDa tripuTa sambOdhana srI guruguha mUrtE chichhaki sphUrtE udaya ravi chandrika rUpaka sambOdhana srI guruguha tArayAsu mAm dEva kriya (Suddha sAvEri) rUpaka
Other krithis on Guruguha
Kriti Raga Tala Kshetra / Deity Description Audio Links bAla subrahmanyam bhajEham suraTi Adi daNDAyudha pANim daNDita daitya SRENim Ananda bhairavi rUpaka paLani gajAmbA nAyakO rakshatu janjhUTi tripuTa swAmi sailam (swAmi malai) gaNapati sOdaram guruguham bhajEham Arabhi Adi This kriti may have been created by Ambi Deekshitar kumAra swAminam guruguham namAmi asAvEri Adi para sivAtmajam namAmi satatam yamunA kaLyANi Adi pArvatI kumAram bhAvayE nATa kuranji rUpaka purahara nandana ripu kula bhanjana amIr kaLyANi Adi sAdhujana vinutam guruguham 'gIta priya tripuTa sourasEnESam vallISam subrahmanyam bhajEham soura sEna Adi SaravaNabhava guruguham shaNmukham bhajEham rEgupti rUpakam sEnApatE pAlaya mAm kASi rAma kriya Adi shaDAnanE sakalam arpayAmi khamAs Adi SrI bAla subrahmanyAgaccha bilahari misRa Eka swAmi sailam (swAmi malai) SrI subrahmanyAya namastE kAmbhOji rUpaka SrI subrahmanyO mAm rakshatu tODi(8) Adi swAmi sailam (swAmi malai) SrI swAminAthAya namastE kamas jhampe swAmi sailam (swAmi malai) SrI vallIpatE pAhimAm nAga swarALi Eka SRngAra SaktyAyudha dhara saravaNasya dAsOham ramA manOhari jhampe sikkil subrahmanyEna rakshitOham Suddha dhanyASi Adi kanka sailam (kaLigu malai) SwAminAtha paripAlayAsumAm nATa Adi SwAminAthEna samrakshitOham bRndAvani sAranga Adi
Here are the 11 Songs in praise of goddess Kamalamba.
Avarana Kriti Raga Tala Vibhakthi Audio Links Dhyana kriti kamalAmbikE AsRta kalpa latikE Todi Rupaka Vasundhara Rajagopal - http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pKJzuDGxAVg 1 kamalAmbA samrakshatu mAm Anandabhairavi Misra Chapu Prathama 2 kamalAmbAm bhaja rE Kalyani Adi Dwitiya Geetha Rajasekhar - http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=g1yqVpyhLeM 3 Sri kamalAmbikaya kaTAkshitOham Sankarabharanam Chaturasra Rupakam Tritiya
OS Thyagarajan - http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mtRXjh2SXZI
4 KamalAmbikAyai kanakAmsukAyai Kambhoji Khanda Ata Chaturdhi 5 Sri KamalAmbikAyaH param nahi rE Bhairavi Misra Jampa Panchami Savitha Namuduri - http://sites.google.com/site/snamuduri/DW_B0088.wav 6 KamalAmbikayAstava bhaktOham Punnagavarali Rupakam Shasti 7 Sri KamalAmbikayAm bhaktim karOmi Sahana Tisra Triputa Saptami 8 Sri KamalAmbike avAva Ghanta Adi Sambodhana - Prathama Sanjay Subrahmanyam - http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=f_4qU9hXjFI 9 Sri KamalAmba jayati Ahiri Rupakam Prathama maNGalASAsanam Sri kamalAmbikE SivE pAhi Sri Khanda Eka Sambodhana - Prathama
Vidya Subrahmanian - http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6DCHJ_CLlXs
# Kriti Raga Tala Planet Other Info Audio Links 1 sUrya mUrtE sundara chAyAdhipatE Sourastra Chaturasra jati Dhruva Sun
S Ramanathan - http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=moajizm-zag
2 candram bhaja mAnasa Asaveri Chaturasra jati Mathya Moon 3 angArakamAsRyAmyaham Surati Rupaka Mars 4 budhamAsRyAmi satatam Nata Kuranji 'Misra jati Jhampe' Mercury 5 bRhaspatE tArApatE Atana Trisra jati Triputa Jupiter 6 Sri Sukra bhagavantam pharazu Chaturasra jati Ata Venus
Vijaya Siva - http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HFYVBJooIVg
7 DivAkara tanujam Yadukula Kambhoji Chaturasara jati Eka Saturn 8 smarAmyaham sadA rAhum rama manohari (Ramapriya) Rupaka Rahu 9 mahAsuram kEtumakam camaram (Shanmukhapriya) Rupaka Ketu
Nilotpalamba vibhakti Krithis
vibhakti Kriti Raga Tala Audio Links Other Info 1-prathama nIlOtpalAmbA jayati nArAyaNa gouLa misRa chApu 2-dwitiya nIlOtpalAmbAm bhajarE nArI rIti gouLa trupuTa 3-tRtiya nIlOtpalAmbikayA nirvANa sukhapradayA kannaDa gouLa Adi 4-chaturdhi nIlOtpalAmbikAyai namastE kEdAra gouLa Adi 5-panchami nIlOtpalAmbikAyAh param nahi rE gouLa rUpaka 6-shashTi nIlOtpalAmbikAyAh tava dAsOham mAyA mAlava gouLa tripuTa 7-saptamI nIlOtpalAmbikAyAm bhaktim karOmi pUrva gouLa rUpaka sambOdhana nIlOtpalAmbikE nitya SuddhAtmikE chAyA gouLa rUpaka sambOdhana SrI nIlOtpala nAyikE rIti gouLa rUpaka
Pancha bhoota sthala linga kritis
(5 songs in praise of Lord Siva)
# Kriti Raga Tala Kshetra Audio Links Other Links 1 Ananda naTana prakAsham kEdAram miSra cApu chidambaram - Akasa linga 2 SrI kALahastIsha husEni jhumpa SrI kALahasti - vAyu linga 3 aruNAcala nAtham sAranga Rupaka ArunAcalam (Tiruannamalai) - agni linga Hyderabad Brothers - http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uFmaVReLFi8 4 cintaya mAkanda mUlakandam Bhairavi rUpaka kAncIpuram - pRThivI linga
Swara Sindhu Lyric & Notation - http://www.swarasindhu.in/swarasindhu/showDetails.do?table=Kriti&id=49
5 jambU patE yamunA kaLyANi tiSra Ekam thiruvAnaikAval - appu/jala linga
Tiruvarur - Panchalinga kritis
# Kriti Raga Tala Audio Links Other Links 1 sadAchalEwSaram bhAvayeham bhUpAlam 2 hATakESwara samraksha mAm bilahari misRa Eka 3 srI valmIka lingam chintayE sivArthAngam kAmbhOji aTa 4 AnandESwarENa samrakshitOham Ananda bhairavi misRa Eka 5 siddISwarAya namastE nIlAmbari misRa Eka
Tiruvarur - Thyagaraja vibhakti Krithis
Muthuswami Dikshitar composed 13 compositions in 8 vibhaktis in praise of Sri Thyagarajeswara at Tiruvayur.
vibhakti Kriti Raga Tala Info Audio Links Other Links 1-pratama tyAgarAjO virAjitE AThANA trisRa Eka 2-dwitiya tyAgarAjam bhajarE yadukula kAmbhOji misRa Eka 2-dwitiya tyAgarAjam bhajEham satatam nIlAmbari rUpaka 2-dwitiya tyAgarAjam bhajEham satatam nIlAmbari rUpaka 2-dwitiya tyAgarAja mahadhwajArOha SrI' Adi 3-tRtiya tyAgarAjEna samrakshitOham sALaga bhairavi Adi 4-chaturdhi tyAgarAjAya namastE bEgaDa rUpaka 5-panchami tyAgarAdanyam njAnE darbAr Adi 6-shasTi srI tyAgarAsya bhaktOu bhavAmi rudra priya misRa chApu 6-shasTi tyAgarAja yOga vaibhavam Ananda bhairavi rUpaka 7-saptami tyAgarAjE kRtyAkRtyamarpayAmi sAranga jhampe sambOdhana vIra vasanta tyAgarA vIra vasanta Adi sambOdhana tyAgarAja pAlayAsu mAm goULa Adi In praise of valmIka linga mUrti
Mayuram - Mayuranatha swami krithis
Kriti Raga Tala Audio Links Other Links abhayAmbA nAyaka hari sAyaka Ananda bhairavi Adi abhayAmbA nAyaka vara dAyaka kEdAra gowLa Adi gourISAya namastE Arabhi trisRa triputa mayUranAdham aniSam bhajAmi dhanyAsi misra chApu vibhakti Kriti Raga Tala Audio Links Other Links 1-prathama abhayAmbA jagadambA kaLyANi Adi 2-dwitiya AryAm abhayAmbAm bhajarE bahiravi khanDa jati aTa 3-tRitiya girijayA ajayA abhayAmbikayA sankarAbharanam Adi 4-chaturdhi abhayAmbikAyai aswArUDhAyai kAmbhOji Adi 5-panchamI abhayAmbikAyA anyam najAnE kEdAra gowLa khanDa chApu 6-shashTi ambikAyAh abhayAmbikAyAh tava dAsOham kEdAram Adi 7-saptamI abhayAmbAm bhaktim karOmi sahana miSRa chApu sambOdhana dAkshAyaNI abhayAmbikE tODi Adi - triSra gati sambOdhana sadASrayE abhayAmbikE chAmaram (shaNmukha priya) rUpaka
Kanchi - Ekamranatheswra krithis
Deekshitar lived in Kanchi for a few years. During that time, he composed 3 krithis on EkAmREswara, several krithis on kAmAkshi and a couple on varadarAja swAmi of vishnu kanchi.
Kriti Raga Tala Audio Links Other Links EkAmranAtham bhajEham pUrva kaLyANi Adi EkAmranAthAya namastE vIra vasanta rUpaka EkAmranAnAthEswarENa samrakshitOham chaturangiNi Adi
Kanchi - Kamakshi Devi Krithis
Kriti Raga Tala Description Audio Links Other Links avyAjya karuNA kaTAkshi aniSam mAmava kAmAkshi sALaNga nATa tripuTa EkAmrESa nAyikE sivE srI kAmAkshi pAhimAm dEva kriya (Suddha sAvEri) rUpaka EkAmrEswara nAyakIm IswarIm chAmaram Adi kAmakOTi pITha vAsinI sougandhinI sougandhini Adi kAmAkshI kAmakOTi pITha vAsinI mAmava suma dyuti rUpaka Priya Sisters - http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=58wiI5SQnck kAmAkshI mAm pahi karuNAkari Sankari gamaka kriya rUpaka kAmAkshI mAm pahi karuNAnidhE sivE Suddha dESi rUpaka kAmAkshI vara lakshmI kamalAkshI jaya lakshmI bilahari Adi kAmAkshIm kaLyANim bhajEham kaLyANi trisRa Eka kanakAmbari kAruNyAmRta lakari kAmAkshi mAmava kAmESwari kanakAmbari (kanakAngi) trisRa Eka kanja daLAyatAkshI kAmAkshI kamalA manOhari Adi
MS Subbulakshmi - http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1t8Q4lkjwN8
namastE para dEvatE siva yuvatE kAmAkshi dEva ranji trisRa Eka nIrajAkshi kAmAkshi nIrada chikurE hindOLa rUpaka saraswati manOharI Sankari saraswati manOhari Adi sRngAra rasamanjarIm srI kAmAkshIm gourIm rasa manjari trisra Eka
Madhura - Madhuramba vibhakti Krithis
Deekshitar visited Madhura for some time and composed two groups of krithis: madhurAmbA vibhakti kritis and mInAkshi dEvi krithis.
vibhakti Kriti Raga Tala Audio Links Other Links sambOdhana srI madhurAmbikE srI SivE avAva kaLyANi jhampe sambOdhana srI madhurApura vihAriNi bilahari rUpaka sambOdhana madhurAmbA samrakshatu mAm dEva kriya Adi 1-prathama madhurAmbA jayati marakatAngi jayati pharaju misRa chApu 2-dwitiya madhurAmbambAm bhajarE rE mAnasa stavarAja (46) Adi 3-tRitiya srI madhurAmbikayA samrakshitOham aThANA tripuTa 6-shashTi madhurAmbAyAh tava dAsOham bEgaDa tripuTa 7-saptamI madhurAmbikAyAm sadA bhaktim karOmi dEsi simharavam rUpaka
Madhura - Meenakshi Devi Krithis
Kriti Raga Tala Description Audio Links Other Links mAmava mInAkshi rAja mAtangi dhALi varALi (39) misRa Eka mInAkshI mE mudam dEhi gamaka kriya Adi Priya Sisters - http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4KGzMrRtfnc mAmava mInAkshi rAja mAtangi dhALi varALi (39) misRa Eka SrI mInAkshi gouri rAja SyAmalE gouri rUpaka SrI mInAmbikayAh param nahirE rE chitta dEva gAndhAram rUpaka syAmalAngi mAtangi namastE SyAmala Adi
Kumbhakonam - Mangalamba Krithis
Kriti Raga Tala Description Audio Links Other Links SrI mangaLAmbikAm chidgagana chandrikAm ghanTA miSRa jhampe
Tanjavur - Brihadeeswara Krithis
Kriti Raga Tala Description Audio Links Other Links bRhadIsa kaTAkshENa prANinO jIvanti jIvantika triSRa Eka bRhadIswaram bhajrE rE chitta nAga dhwani Adi bRhadIswarAya namastE SankarAbharaNam Adi bRhadIswarO rakshtu mAm gAna sAma varALi rUpaka nabhOmaNi chandrAgni nayanam nabhOmaNi tripuTa nAgAbharaNam nagajAbharaNam namAmi nAgAbharaNam Adi pAlaya mAm bRhadIswara pAlita bhuvanEswara nAyaki rUpaka stava rAjAdi nuta bRhadISa tArayAsu mAm stava rAja tripuTa
Tanjavur - Brihadeeswari Devi Krithis
Kriti Raga Tala Description Audio Links Other Links bhOgacchhAyA nATaka priyE bhOgacchhAyA nATa Adi bhUshAvatIm manju bhAshAvatIm bjajEham bhUshAvati triSRa Eka bRhadambA madambA jayati bhAnumati Adi bRhadambikAyai namastE namastE vasanta miSRa chApu bRhadIswarim bhajarE rE chitta lalita panchamam Adi bRhannAyaki varadAyaki AndhALi Adi pAlaya mAm bRhadIswari bhakta janAvani Sankari tODi rUpaka himagiri kumAri Iswari ravi kriya Adi pAmara jana pAlini pAhi bRhannAyaki suma dyuti (57) triSRa Eka saindhavi rAga priyE saindhavi Adi santAna manjarI SankarI satatam pAt umAm santAna manjari Adi satchidAnandamaya vijRmbhiNim smarAmyaham kumbhini Adi SRngArAdi nava rasAngI bRhadambA dhavaLangi triSRa Eka
Chidambaram - Nataraja Kritis
Kriti Raga Tala Description Audio Links Other Links chidambara naTarAja mUrtim tanu kIrti triSRa Eka chidambara naTarAjam ASRayAmi kEdAram Adi chidambarESwaram chintayAmi bhinna shadjam Adi kanaka sabhApatim bhajarE mAnasa mALava SrI Adi SivakAma patim chintayAmyaham nATa kuranji Adi SivakAmESwaram chintayAmyaham Arabhi Adi
Chidambaram - Siva Kameswari Kritis
Kriti Raga Tala Description Audio Links Other Links SivakAmEswarIm chintayEham kaLyANi Adi
Chidambaram - Govinda Rajeswara Kritis
Kriti Raga Tala Description Audio Links Other Links gOvinda rAjam upAsmahE nityam mukhAri tripuTa gOvinda rAjAya namastE suraTi rUpaka gOvinda rAjEna rakshitOham mEcha bouLi rUpaka
Kasi - Visweswara / Kala Bhairava Kritis
Kriti Raga Tala Description Audio Links Other Links kAla bhairavam bhajEham aniSam bhairavam Adi kASi viSwESwara Ehi mAm pAhi kAmbhOji ATa SrI viswanAtham bhajEham chaturdaSa rAga mAlika Adi viSwanAthEna rakshitOham sAmanta Adi viSwESwarO rakshtu mAm kAnaDa Adi viSwanAtham bhajEham satatam naTAbharaNam rUpakam
Kasi - Visalakshi / Annapurna Devi Kritis
Kriti Raga Tala Description Audio Links Other Links annapUrNE visAlAkshI karnNATaka dEva gAndhAram Adi Ehi annapUrNE sannidhEhi punnAga varALi Adi kASI viSAlAkshIm bhajEham gamaka kriya Adi viSAlAlAksIm viSwESim bhajarE kAsi rAma kriya miSRa chApu
Sri Vaidyanatha / Balambika Krithis
Kriti Raga Tala Description Audio Links Other Links bAlAmbikayA kaTAkshitOham SrI ranjani Eka bAlAmbikAyAh param nahi rE kAnaDa Adi bAlAmbikAyai namastE nATa kuranji rUpaka bAlAmbikE pAhi bhadram dEhi manO ranjani maThya bhajarE rE chitta bAlAmbikAm SAnta kaLyAni miSRa Eka SrI vaidyanatham bhajAmi AThaNA Adi
Sri Rama Chandra Krithis
Sri Rama Chandra Vibhakti Krithis
Vibhakti Kriti Raga Tala Description Kshetra Audio Links Other Links 1-prathamA SrI rAma chandro rakshtu mAm SrI ranjani tripuTa 2-dwitiyA rAma chandram bhAvayAmi vasanta' rUpaka 3-tRtiyA rAma chandrEna samrakshitOham mAnji rUpaka 4-chaturthhI rAma chandrAya namastE tODi tripuTa 5-panchamI rAma chandrAdanyam najAnEham kaLyANi jhampe 6-shasThI rAma chandrasya dAsOham nAmavati Adi 7-saptamI rAmE bharata pAlita rAjyamarpayAmi jyOti jhampe sambOdhana rAma rAma kali kalusha virAma rAm kali rUpaka
Other Krithis on Sri Rama
Kriti Raga Tala Description Kshetra Audio Links Other Links kOdanDa rAmam aniSam bhajAmi kOkila ravam Adi mAmava paTTAbhirAma maNi rangu miSRa Eka mAmava raghu vIra martyAvatAra mahUri miSRa Eka santAna rAma swAminam hindOLa vasanta Adi This kriti doesn't have 'guruguha' mudra nIDA mangaLam(yamunAmbA puram) Sri rAmam ravi kulAbdi sOmam Narayana Gowla Adi darbha shayanam
Trichur brothers - http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FuzpUlbeaHk
Kriti Raga Tala Description Kshetra Audio Links Other Links pavanAtmajAgacchha paripUrNa swacchha nATa khanDa chApu pavanAtmajam bhajarE SankarAbharaNam Adi rAma chandra bhaktam bhaja mAnasa gEya hejjajji Adi vIra hanumatE namO namO kAnaDa rUpaka
Sri Venkateswara Krithis
Kriti Raga Tala Description Kshetra Audio Links Other Links prasanna vEnkaTEswaram bhajarE vaTI vasanta bhairavi miSRa chApu tanjAvUr Sankha chakra gadA pANim aham vandE pUrNa chandrika rUpaka SEShAchala nAyakam bhajAmi varALi miSRa Eka SrI vEnkaTa girISam AlOkayE suraTi Adi gOkarNam SrI vEnkaTESam bhajAmi satatam kaLyANa vasanta Adi venkaTAchalapatE ninu nammiti kApI Adi This is a maNipravALa kriti - composed in 3 languages: Telugu, Tamil and Sanskrit gOkarNam
Sri Rangam Pancharatnam - Ranganatha Swami Krithis
Kriti Raga Tala Description Audio Links Other Links ranga pura vihAra bRndAvana sAranga rUpaka ranganAyakam bhAvayE nAyaki Adi SrI ranganAtham upAsmahE pUrNa chandrika Adi SrI ranganAthAya namastE dhanyASi Adi SrI bhArgavI badram mangaLa kaishiki misra chApu
Narasimha Swami Krithis
Kriti Raga Tala Kshetra Description Audio Links Other Links narasimha Agacchha mOhana miSRa Eka ghaTikAchalam
Sri Krishna Krithis
Kriti Raga Tala Kshetra Description Audio Links Other Links nanda gOpAla mukunda khamAs rUpaka santAna gOpalam upAsmahE khamAs rUpaka mannArguDi - santAna gOpala swAmi SrI kRsnHam baja mAnasa satatam tODi Adi guruvAyUr This kRti lacks dIkhitar's guruguha mudra SrI sundara rAjam bhajEham kASi rAma kriya (45) Adi madurai - aLagar kOvel (vRshabhAchalam)
Sri Lakshmi Krithis
Kriti Raga Tala Description Audio Links Other Links hari yuvatIm hymavatIm ArAdhayAmi satatam dEsi simharavam triSRa Eka HiraNmayIm lakshmIm sadA bhajAmi lalita Rupaka mahA lakshmi karuNa rasa lahari mAdhava manOhari Adi SrI bhArgavI bhadram mE diSatu mangaLa kaiSiki miSRa Eka SrI vara lakshmI namastubhyam SrI miSRa Eka vara lakshmIm bhajarE rE mAnasa sourAshTra Adi
Saraswati Devi krithis
Kriti Raga Tala Description Audio Links Other Links bhAratI maddishaNAjAdyApahE dEva manOhari rUpaka kaLAvatI kamalAsana yuvatI kaLAvati Adi namO namastE gIrvANi gIrvANi tripuTa saraswati chAyA tarangiNi chAyA tarangiNi Adi saraswatI vidhi yuvatI hindOLa rUpaka saraswatyA bhagavatyA samrakshitOham chAyA gouLa miSRa Eka SarAvatI taTa vAsnI hamsinI SarAvati triSRa Eka SrI saraswati namOstu tE Arabhi rUpaka Priya Sisters - http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=erocWMTocxw Swara Sindhu Lyric & Notation - http://www.swarasindhu.in/swarasindhu/showDetails.do?table=Kriti&id=2 vINA pustaka dhAriNim ASRyayE tOya vEgavAhini (16) khanDa Eka
Composition Raga Tala Deity Audio Links santatam pAhimAm Sankarabharanam Rupakam Parvati
Kriti Raga Tala Deity Kshetra Audio Links Other Links kAyArOhaNEsam bajarE rE mAnasa Deva gandharam Rupakam KayArohaNEswara (Siva) nAga paTTNam sarasija nAbha sOdarI sankarI Naga gandhari Rupakam Parvati
Priya Sisters - http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=k11cQQuZHmk
- ^ http://www.guruguha.org/
- ^ Trinity of Carnatic music
- ^ "Songs, moving and intellectual". The Hindu (Chennai, India). December 1, 2007. http://www.hindu.com/ms/2007/12/01/stories/2007120150180600.htm.
- ^ Ludwig Pesch, muttusvAmi dIkshitAr, Encyclopedia of India, ed. Stanley Wolpert, p. 337-8
- ^ http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=N6bsfLBzshU&feature=player_embedded
- ^ http://archives.chennaionline.com/columns/ethnomusic/durga16.asp
- ^ About Indian Music
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