Muthuswami Dikshitar


Muthuswami Dikshitar
Muthuswami Dikshitar
Background information
Born March 24, 1775
Origin India Tiruvarur, Thanjavur, India
Died October 21, 1835 (aged 60)
Genres Carnatic music
Occupations Carnatic Composer

Muthuswami Dikshitar (Tamil:முத்துஸ்வாமி தீக்ஷிதர, Devanagari:मुत्तुस्वामि दीक्षित:, March 24, 1775 – October 21, 1835) is a South Indian poet and composer and is one of the Musical Trinity of Carnatic music. His compositions, of which around 500 are commonly known, are noted for their contemplative nature and for capturing the essence of the raga forms through the vainika (veena) style that emphasises gamakas. They are typically in a slower speed (chowka kala). He is also known by his signature name of Guruguha.[1] His compositions are widely sung and played in classical concerts of Carnatic music.

The Musical trinity consists of Dikshitar, Thyagaraja (1767–1847), and Syama Sastri (1762–1827),[2] although unlike the Telugu compositions of the others, his compositions are predominantly in Sanskrit.

Contents

Early life and background

Muthuswami Dikshitar was born in Tiruvarur (of Thiruvarur district in what is now the state of Tamil Nadu) to a Tamil Iyer Brahmin couple Ramaswami Dikshitar and Subbamma, as the eldest son. According to the account of Subbarama Dikshitar, Muttuswami Dikshitar was born in the manmatha year, in the month of Panguni under the asterism Krittikaa. He was named after the temple deity, Muttukumaraswamy; legend has it that he was born after his parents prayed for a child in the temple of Vaitheeswaran Temple. He also had two younger brothers Baluswami, Chinnaswami and a sister Balambal.

In keeping with the Brahminic educational tradition, Muthuswami learnt the Sanskrit language, Vedas, and other important religious texts. He also obtained his preliminary musical education from his father.

While he was still in his teens, his father sent him on a pilgrimage with a wandering monk named Chidambaranatha Yogi, to gain musical and philosophical knowledge. Over the course of this pilgrimage, he visited many places in North India, and acquired a broad outlook that is reflected in many of his compositions. During their stay in Kashi (Varanasi), his guru Chidambaranatha Yogi, presented Dikshitar with a unique Veena, and died shortly thereafter. The samādhi of Chidambaranatha Yogi can still be seen in the Hanuman Ghat area in Varanasi.

His Music

According to legend, his guru asked Muthuswami to visit Tiruttani (a temple town near Chennai). There, while he was immersed deep in meditation, an old man appeared and asked him to open his mouth. He dropped sugar candy into his mouth and disappeared. As he opened his mouth, he had a vision of the deity Muruga and Dikshitar burst forth into his first composition "Shri Nathadi Guruguho" in the raga Mayamalavagowla.

This song addressed the Lord (and/or the guru) in the first declension in Sanskrit. Dikshitar later composed kritis in all the eight declensions on the Lord. These are mostly with epithets glorifying the guru and have very few references to Lord Muruga or specifically to the deity in the saguna form, as at Thiruthani.[3]

He then went on a pilgrimage visiting and composing at the temples at Kanchi, Tiruvannamalai , Chidambaram, Tirupathi and Kalahasthi, before returning to Tiruvarur.

Muthuswami Dikshitar attained mastery over the Veena, and the influence of Veena playing is evident in his compositions, particularly the gamakas. In his kriti Balagopal, he introduces himself as a vaiNika gAyaka, "a player of the veeNA".[4] He also experimented with the violin, and among his disciples, Vadivelu of the Thanjavur Quartet, and his brother Baluswami Dikshitar pioneered the use of violin in Carnatic Music, now an integral part of most carnatic ensembles.

Dikshitar's prime

On his return to Tiruvarur, he composed on every deity in the Tiruvarur temple complex including Tyagaraja (an amsha of Lord Shiva), the presiding deity, Nilotpalambal, his consort, and the Goddess Kamalambal an independent deity of high tantric significance in the same temple complex. This is when he composed the famous Kamalamba Navavarna cycle, filled with exemplary sahityas which proved to be the showcase of his compositions. These navavaranams were in all the eight declensions of the Sanskrit language and are sung as a highlight of Guruguha Jayanti celebrated every year. He continued to display his prowess by composing the Navagraha Kritis in praise of the nine planets. The sahitya of the songs reflect a profound knowledge of the Mantra and Jyotisha sastras. The Nilotpalamba Kritis is another classic set of compositions which revived dying ragas like Narayanagaula, Purvagaula, and Chayagaula

Disciples

Muttuswami Dikshitar was approached by four dance masters from Tanjavur: Sivanandam, Ponnayya, Chinnayya and Vadivelu. They expressed their desire to learn music from him and entreated him to accompany them to Tanjavur. There, Dikshitar imparted to them the 72 mela tradition handed down by Venkata Vaidyanatha Dikshita.The students showed their gratitude by composing a set of nine songs called Navaratna Mala glorifying their guru. These four disciples became what is known as the Tanjore Quartette and are revered as the prime composers of music for Bharatanatyam.

At a young age, Dikshitar was also exposed to the music of the Western bands at Fort St. George. At a later stage, Dikshitar composed some forty songs to several (mostly western folk) tunes loosely adopted to ragas such as sankarabharaNa. This corpus is now known as nottusvara sAhitya (etym. nottusvara = "notes" swara). The influence of Celtic and Baroque styles in these compositions is quite evident (e.g., Sakthi Sahitha Ganapatim,[5] to the tune of voulez-vous dancer,[6] Varashiva Balam). There is an erroneous belief that these were composed at the behest of CP Brown, the Collector of Cuddappah. This is not possible as the two could have never met. Muttuswami Diskhitar had left Madras by 1799 (ref V Raghavan's monograph published by the NCPA). Brown came to Madras only in 1817, learnt Telugu in 1820 and moved over to Cuddappah the same year (ref Brown's wikipedia write-up).

Samadhi

On Deepavali day,in the year 1835, Dikshithar performed puja as usual and asked his students to sing the song "Meenakshi Me Mudam" in the raga Gamakakriya.

As his students sang the lines "Meena lochani pasa mochani" he raised his hands and saying "Sive Pahi" left his mortal coil.

His Samathi is at Ettaya puram ( Mahakavi Bharathi's Birth Place), between Koilpatti (14 km) and Tuticorin.

Descendants

Muthuswami Dikshitar died on 21 October 1835. Dikshitar had a daughter but it was the descendants of his brother Baluswami who have preserved his musical legacy, and his compositions have been popularized due to the efforts of people like Subbarama Dikshitar and Ambi Dikshitar.

Baluswami Dikshitar, the sixth descendant in the line, a well known vainika by his own rights, resided in Trichy and then moved to Chennai in 1957. He died in November 1985. He has two sons and two daughters. The eldest son, Muthuswamy, the seventh descendent in the line, retired as a top executive in the State Bank of India group of banks and then was the Managing Director and CEO of a private sector bank.The younger son runs his own small scale industry near Madurai. Both the daughters are married and well settled in Chennai.

The Raja Rajeswari, Vallabha Ganapathi, Sree Chakra, Banalingam, Saligramam and other idols, given to Shri Muthuswamy Dikshithar by his guru Chidambaranatha Yogi is in the family with the eldest son Muthuswamy along with the veena (with the upturned Yaali Mukha) with the Sanskrit inscription "Sri Ram" said to have been given to Dikshithar by Goddess Sarasvati, when he bathed in the river Ganges, as indication of his having attained Mantra Siddhi.

Music Compositions

Indian Music
Indian classical music
Carnatic music
Hindustani music
Core Concepts
Shruti · Swara · Alankar · Rāga · Tāla

His total compositions are about 450 to 500, most of which are very widely sung by musicians today in Carnatic music concerts. Most of his compositions are in Sanskrit and in the Krithi form i.e. poetry set to music. Muthuswami Dikshitar traveled to many holy shrines throughout his life, and composed krithis on the deities and temples he visited. Dikshitar is considered to have composed on the widest range of deities for any composer.[citation needed]

Each of his compositions is unique and brilliantly crafted. The compositions are known for the depth and soulfulness of the melody - his visions of some of the ragas are still the final word on their structure. His Sanskrit lyrics are in praise of the temple deity, but Muthuswami introduces the Advaita thought seamlessly into his songs, resolving the inherent relationship between Advaita philosophy and polytheistic worship. His songs also contain much information about the history of the temple, and its background, thus preserving many customs followed in these old shrines.

Muttuswami also undertook the project of composing in all the 72 Melakartha ragas, (in his Asampurna Mela scheme) thereby providing a musical example for many rare and lost ragas. Also, he was the pioneer in composing samashti charanam krithis (songs in which the main stanza or pallavi is followed by only one stanza, unlike the conventional two)[7]. Dikshitar was a master of tala and is the only composer to have kritis in all the seven basic talas of the Carnatic scheme. Dikshitar shows his skill in Sanskrit by composing in all the eight declensions.

For richness of raga bhava, sublimity of their philosophic contents and for the grandeur of the sahitya, the songs of Dikshitar stand unsurpassed.

Muthuswami Dikshitar composed many kritis in groups. The following lists describe those groups and compositions that belong to each group.

Maha Ganapati Krithis

Deekshitar composed 26 songs in temples of lord Ganesha in around Tiruvarur.

Kriti Raga Tala Kshetra / Deity Audio Links
Eka dantam bhajEham bilahari trisRa tripuTa
gajAdhISAdanyam najAnEham nATa kuranji tripuTa
gajAnana yutam gaNEswaram vEga vAhini (cakravAkam) Adi N.Ramani (Flute) - http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_EuDXZbYuLE
gaNapatE mahAmatE kaLyANi rUpaka
gaNarAjEna samrakshitOham Arabhi rUpaka
gaNESa kumAra pAhimAm janjhUti Eka
hasti vadanAya namastubhyam navarOj miSRa Eka
kari kalabha mukham sAvEri rUpaka
lambOdarAya namastE varALi khanDa Eka
mahA gaNapatE pAlayAsumAm naTa nArAyaNi Adi
mahA gaNapatim manasA smarAmi nATa Chaturasra Eka

Bombay Sisters - http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BrzJ8yZib0Q
Nagavalli & Ranjani Nagaraj - http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-f9fIrIp1gk
TN Krishnan (Violin) - http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vI5VneaW9A0

mahA gaNapatim vandE thODi
mUlAdhAra chakra vinAyaka SrI Adi
pancha mAtanga mukha gaNapatinA malahari rUpaka
rakta gaNapatim bhajEham mOhana Adi
siddhi vinAyakam anisam Shanmukhapriya rUpaka

KJ Yesudas - http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xZUcX6_t6_s
Sreyas Narayanun - http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ddnl5g1EdXo
VK Raman (Flute) - http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hy5czklXh2g

srI gaNanAtham bhajarE ISa manOhari rUpaka
srI gaNESAt param nahirE Ardra dEsi misRa jhampe
srI mahA gaNapathiravatu mAm gouLa trisRa tripuTa
swEta gaNapatim rAga chUDAmaNi' tripuTa
uchhishTa gaNapatou bhaktim kRtvA kAsi rAma kriya Adi
vallabha nAyakasya bhaktou bhavAmi bEgaDa rUpaka
vAtApi gaNapatim Hamsadhvani Adi Muladhara Ganapati MS Subbulakshmi - http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_7JKuVOCk34
vinAyaka vighna nAshaka vEga vAhini (chakravakam) rUpaka

Guruguha krithis

Guruguha Vibhakti krithis

Vibhakti Kriti Raga Tala Audio Links
1-prathama SrI nAthAdi guruguhO jayati jayati mAyA mALava gowLa Adi
2-dwitIya mAnasa guruguha rUpam bhajarE Ananda bhairavi rUpaka
3-tRtIya Sri gurunA pAlitOsmi pADi rUpaka
4-chaturthi guruhuhAya bhaktAnugrahAya sAma Adi
5-panchami guruhuhAdanyam najAnEham bala hamsa jhampe
6-shashTi srI guruhuhasya dAsOham pUrvi misRa chApu
7-saptami srI guruhuha swAmini bhaktim karOmi bhAnumati khanDa tripuTa
sambOdhana srI guruguha mUrtE chichhaki sphUrtE udaya ravi chandrika rUpaka
sambOdhana srI guruguha tArayAsu mAm dEva kriya (Suddha sAvEri) rUpaka

Other krithis on Guruguha

Kriti Raga Tala Kshetra / Deity Description Audio Links
bAla subrahmanyam bhajEham suraTi Adi
daNDAyudha pANim daNDita daitya SRENim Ananda bhairavi rUpaka paLani
gajAmbA nAyakO rakshatu janjhUTi tripuTa swAmi sailam (swAmi malai)
gaNapati sOdaram guruguham bhajEham Arabhi Adi This kriti may have been created by Ambi Deekshitar
kumAra swAminam guruguham namAmi asAvEri Adi
para sivAtmajam namAmi satatam yamunA kaLyANi Adi
pArvatI kumAram bhAvayE nATa kuranji rUpaka
purahara nandana ripu kula bhanjana amIr kaLyANi Adi
sAdhujana vinutam guruguham 'gIta priya tripuTa
sourasEnESam vallISam subrahmanyam bhajEham soura sEna Adi
SaravaNabhava guruguham shaNmukham bhajEham rEgupti rUpakam
sEnApatE pAlaya mAm kASi rAma kriya Adi
shaDAnanE sakalam arpayAmi khamAs Adi
SrI bAla subrahmanyAgaccha bilahari misRa Eka swAmi sailam (swAmi malai)
SrI subrahmanyAya namastE kAmbhOji rUpaka
SrI subrahmanyO mAm rakshatu tODi(8) Adi swAmi sailam (swAmi malai)
SrI swAminAthAya namastE kamas jhampe swAmi sailam (swAmi malai)
SrI vallIpatE pAhimAm nAga swarALi Eka
SRngAra SaktyAyudha dhara saravaNasya dAsOham ramA manOhari jhampe sikkil
subrahmanyEna rakshitOham Suddha dhanyASi Adi kanka sailam (kaLigu malai)
SwAminAtha paripAlayAsumAm nATa Adi
SwAminAthEna samrakshitOham bRndAvani sAranga Adi

Kamalamba Navavarna Kritis

Here are the 11 Songs in praise of goddess Kamalamba.

Avarana Kriti Raga Tala Vibhakthi Audio Links
Dhyana kriti kamalAmbikE AsRta kalpa latikE Todi Rupaka Vasundhara Rajagopal - http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pKJzuDGxAVg
1 kamalAmbA samrakshatu mAm Anandabhairavi Misra Chapu Prathama

DK Jayaraman - http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=508yuFCZNMs
Vijaya Siva - http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2MwcwimOCuE

2 kamalAmbAm bhaja rE Kalyani Adi Dwitiya Geetha Rajasekhar - http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=g1yqVpyhLeM
3 Sri kamalAmbikaya kaTAkshitOham Sankarabharanam Chaturasra Rupakam Tritiya

OS Thyagarajan - http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mtRXjh2SXZI

4 KamalAmbikAyai kanakAmsukAyai Kambhoji Khanda Ata Chaturdhi
5 Sri KamalAmbikAyaH param nahi rE Bhairavi Misra Jampa Panchami Savitha Namuduri - http://sites.google.com/site/snamuduri/DW_B0088.wav
6 KamalAmbikayAstava bhaktOham Punnagavarali Rupakam Shasti
7 Sri KamalAmbikayAm bhaktim karOmi Sahana Tisra Triputa Saptami
8 Sri KamalAmbike avAva Ghanta Adi Sambodhana - Prathama Sanjay Subrahmanyam - http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=f_4qU9hXjFI
9 Sri KamalAmba jayati Ahiri Rupakam Prathama
maNGalASAsanam Sri kamalAmbikE SivE pAhi Sri Khanda Eka Sambodhana - Prathama

Vidya Subrahmanian - http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6DCHJ_CLlXs

Navagraha Kritis

# Kriti Raga Tala Planet Other Info Audio Links
1 sUrya mUrtE sundara chAyAdhipatE Sourastra Chaturasra jati Dhruva Sun

S Ramanathan - http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=moajizm-zag

2 candram bhaja mAnasa Asaveri Chaturasra jati Mathya Moon
3 angArakamAsRyAmyaham Surati Rupaka Mars

MS Subbulakshmi - http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DcfVQ-rDhrU
MD Ramanathan - http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vNkaaAU6Ov4

4 budhamAsRyAmi satatam Nata Kuranji 'Misra jati Jhampe' Mercury
5 bRhaspatE tArApatE Atana Trisra jati Triputa Jupiter
6 Sri Sukra bhagavantam pharazu Chaturasra jati Ata Venus

Vijaya Siva - http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HFYVBJooIVg

7 DivAkara tanujam Yadukula Kambhoji Chaturasara jati Eka Saturn

Semmangudi Srinivasa Iyer - http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KJxpzqeg34Q
Rudrapatnam Brothers - http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ovniaYYq32Q

8 smarAmyaham sadA rAhum rama manohari (Ramapriya) Rupaka Rahu
9 mahAsuram kEtumakam camaram (Shanmukhapriya) Rupaka Ketu

Nilotpalamba vibhakti Krithis

vibhakti Kriti Raga Tala Audio Links Other Info
1-prathama nIlOtpalAmbA jayati nArAyaNa gouLa misRa chApu
2-dwitiya nIlOtpalAmbAm bhajarE nArI rIti gouLa trupuTa
3-tRtiya nIlOtpalAmbikayA nirvANa sukhapradayA kannaDa gouLa Adi
4-chaturdhi nIlOtpalAmbikAyai namastE kEdAra gouLa Adi
5-panchami nIlOtpalAmbikAyAh param nahi rE gouLa rUpaka
6-shashTi nIlOtpalAmbikAyAh tava dAsOham mAyA mAlava gouLa tripuTa
7-saptamI nIlOtpalAmbikAyAm bhaktim karOmi pUrva gouLa rUpaka
sambOdhana nIlOtpalAmbikE nitya SuddhAtmikE chAyA gouLa rUpaka
sambOdhana SrI nIlOtpala nAyikE rIti gouLa rUpaka

Pancha bhoota sthala linga kritis

(5 songs in praise of Lord Siva)

# Kriti Raga Tala Kshetra Audio Links Other Links
1 Ananda naTana prakAsham kEdAram miSra cApu chidambaram - Akasa linga

Sanjay Subramanyam - http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ge6cii3aRfk
DK Jayaraman - http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dwOMmiQMX7Q

2 SrI kALahastIsha husEni jhumpa SrI kALahasti - vAyu linga
3 aruNAcala nAtham sAranga Rupaka ArunAcalam (Tiruannamalai) - agni linga Hyderabad Brothers - http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uFmaVReLFi8
4 cintaya mAkanda mUlakandam Bhairavi rUpaka kAncIpuram - pRThivI linga

Swara Sindhu Lyric & Notation - http://www.swarasindhu.in/swarasindhu/showDetails.do?table=Kriti&id=49

5 jambU patE yamunA kaLyANi tiSra Ekam thiruvAnaikAval - appu/jala linga

Tiruvarur - Panchalinga kritis

# Kriti Raga Tala Audio Links Other Links
1 sadAchalEwSaram bhAvayeham bhUpAlam
2 hATakESwara samraksha mAm bilahari misRa Eka
3 srI valmIka lingam chintayE sivArthAngam kAmbhOji aTa
4 AnandESwarENa samrakshitOham Ananda bhairavi misRa Eka
5 siddISwarAya namastE nIlAmbari misRa Eka

Tiruvarur - Thyagaraja vibhakti Krithis

Muthuswami Dikshitar composed 13 compositions in 8 vibhaktis in praise of Sri Thyagarajeswara at Tiruvayur.

vibhakti Kriti Raga Tala Info Audio Links Other Links
1-pratama tyAgarAjO virAjitE AThANA trisRa Eka
2-dwitiya tyAgarAjam bhajarE yadukula kAmbhOji misRa Eka
2-dwitiya tyAgarAjam bhajEham satatam nIlAmbari rUpaka
2-dwitiya tyAgarAjam bhajEham satatam nIlAmbari rUpaka
2-dwitiya tyAgarAja mahadhwajArOha SrI' Adi
3-tRtiya tyAgarAjEna samrakshitOham sALaga bhairavi Adi
4-chaturdhi tyAgarAjAya namastE bEgaDa rUpaka
5-panchami tyAgarAdanyam njAnE darbAr Adi
6-shasTi srI tyAgarAsya bhaktOu bhavAmi rudra priya misRa chApu
6-shasTi tyAgarAja yOga vaibhavam Ananda bhairavi rUpaka
7-saptami tyAgarAjE kRtyAkRtyamarpayAmi sAranga jhampe
sambOdhana vIra vasanta tyAgarA vIra vasanta Adi
sambOdhana tyAgarAja pAlayAsu mAm goULa Adi In praise of valmIka linga mUrti

Mayuram - Mayuranatha swami krithis

Kriti Raga Tala Audio Links Other Links
abhayAmbA nAyaka hari sAyaka Ananda bhairavi Adi
abhayAmbA nAyaka vara dAyaka kEdAra gowLa Adi
gourISAya namastE Arabhi trisRa triputa
mayUranAdham aniSam bhajAmi dhanyAsi misra chApu

Mayuram - Abhayamba navavarana Krithis

vibhakti Kriti Raga Tala Audio Links Other Links
1-prathama abhayAmbA jagadambA kaLyANi Adi
2-dwitiya AryAm abhayAmbAm bhajarE bahiravi khanDa jati aTa
3-tRitiya girijayA ajayA abhayAmbikayA sankarAbharanam Adi
4-chaturdhi abhayAmbikAyai aswArUDhAyai kAmbhOji Adi
5-panchamI abhayAmbikAyA anyam najAnE kEdAra gowLa khanDa chApu
6-shashTi ambikAyAh abhayAmbikAyAh tava dAsOham kEdAram Adi
7-saptamI abhayAmbAm bhaktim karOmi sahana miSRa chApu
sambOdhana dAkshAyaNI abhayAmbikE tODi Adi - triSra gati
sambOdhana sadASrayE abhayAmbikE chAmaram (shaNmukha priya) rUpaka

Kanchi - Ekamranatheswra krithis

Deekshitar lived in Kanchi for a few years. During that time, he composed 3 krithis on EkAmREswara, several krithis on kAmAkshi and a couple on varadarAja swAmi of vishnu kanchi.

Kriti Raga Tala Audio Links Other Links
EkAmranAtham bhajEham pUrva kaLyANi Adi
EkAmranAthAya namastE vIra vasanta rUpaka
EkAmranAnAthEswarENa samrakshitOham chaturangiNi Adi

Kanchi - Kamakshi Devi Krithis

Kriti Raga Tala Description Audio Links Other Links
avyAjya karuNA kaTAkshi aniSam mAmava kAmAkshi sALaNga nATa tripuTa
EkAmrESa nAyikE sivE srI kAmAkshi pAhimAm dEva kriya (Suddha sAvEri) rUpaka
EkAmrEswara nAyakIm IswarIm chAmaram Adi
kAmakOTi pITha vAsinI sougandhinI sougandhini Adi
kAmAkshI kAmakOTi pITha vAsinI mAmava suma dyuti rUpaka Priya Sisters - http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=58wiI5SQnck
kAmAkshI mAm pahi karuNAkari Sankari gamaka kriya rUpaka
kAmAkshI mAm pahi karuNAnidhE sivE Suddha dESi rUpaka
kAmAkshI vara lakshmI kamalAkshI jaya lakshmI bilahari Adi
kAmAkshIm kaLyANim bhajEham kaLyANi trisRa Eka
kanakAmbari kAruNyAmRta lakari kAmAkshi mAmava kAmESwari kanakAmbari (kanakAngi) trisRa Eka
kanja daLAyatAkshI kAmAkshI kamalA manOhari Adi

MS Subbulakshmi - http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1t8Q4lkjwN8

namastE para dEvatE siva yuvatE kAmAkshi dEva ranji trisRa Eka
nIrajAkshi kAmAkshi nIrada chikurE hindOLa rUpaka
saraswati manOharI Sankari saraswati manOhari Adi
sRngAra rasamanjarIm srI kAmAkshIm gourIm rasa manjari trisra Eka

Madhura - Madhuramba vibhakti Krithis

Deekshitar visited Madhura for some time and composed two groups of krithis: madhurAmbA vibhakti kritis and mInAkshi dEvi krithis.

vibhakti Kriti Raga Tala Audio Links Other Links
sambOdhana srI madhurAmbikE srI SivE avAva kaLyANi jhampe
sambOdhana srI madhurApura vihAriNi bilahari rUpaka
sambOdhana madhurAmbA samrakshatu mAm dEva kriya Adi
1-prathama madhurAmbA jayati marakatAngi jayati pharaju misRa chApu
2-dwitiya madhurAmbambAm bhajarE rE mAnasa stavarAja (46) Adi
3-tRitiya srI madhurAmbikayA samrakshitOham aThANA tripuTa
6-shashTi madhurAmbAyAh tava dAsOham bEgaDa tripuTa
7-saptamI madhurAmbikAyAm sadA bhaktim karOmi dEsi simharavam rUpaka

Madhura - Meenakshi Devi Krithis

Kriti Raga Tala Description Audio Links Other Links
mAmava mInAkshi rAja mAtangi dhALi varALi (39) misRa Eka
mInAkshI mE mudam dEhi gamaka kriya Adi Priya Sisters - http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4KGzMrRtfnc
mAmava mInAkshi rAja mAtangi dhALi varALi (39) misRa Eka
SrI mInAkshi gouri rAja SyAmalE gouri rUpaka
SrI mInAmbikayAh param nahirE rE chitta dEva gAndhAram rUpaka
syAmalAngi mAtangi namastE SyAmala Adi

Kumbhakonam - Mangalamba Krithis

Kriti Raga Tala Description Audio Links Other Links SrI mangaLAmbikAm chidgagana chandrikAm ghanTA miSRa jhampe

Tanjavur - Brihadeeswara Krithis

Kriti Raga Tala Description Audio Links Other Links
bRhadIsa kaTAkshENa prANinO jIvanti jIvantika triSRa Eka
bRhadIswaram bhajrE rE chitta nAga dhwani Adi
bRhadIswarAya namastE SankarAbharaNam Adi
bRhadIswarO rakshtu mAm gAna sAma varALi rUpaka
nabhOmaNi chandrAgni nayanam nabhOmaNi tripuTa
nAgAbharaNam nagajAbharaNam namAmi nAgAbharaNam Adi
pAlaya mAm bRhadIswara pAlita bhuvanEswara nAyaki rUpaka
stava rAjAdi nuta bRhadISa tArayAsu mAm stava rAja tripuTa

Tanjavur - Brihadeeswari Devi Krithis

Kriti Raga Tala Description Audio Links Other Links
bhOgacchhAyA nATaka priyE bhOgacchhAyA nATa Adi
bhUshAvatIm manju bhAshAvatIm bjajEham bhUshAvati triSRa Eka
bRhadambA madambA jayati bhAnumati Adi
bRhadambikAyai namastE namastE vasanta miSRa chApu
bRhadIswarim bhajarE rE chitta lalita panchamam Adi
bRhannAyaki varadAyaki AndhALi Adi
pAlaya mAm bRhadIswari bhakta janAvani Sankari tODi rUpaka
himagiri kumAri Iswari ravi kriya Adi
pAmara jana pAlini pAhi bRhannAyaki suma dyuti (57) triSRa Eka
saindhavi rAga priyE saindhavi Adi
santAna manjarI SankarI satatam pAt umAm santAna manjari Adi
satchidAnandamaya vijRmbhiNim smarAmyaham kumbhini Adi
SRngArAdi nava rasAngI bRhadambA dhavaLangi triSRa Eka

Chidambaram - Nataraja Kritis

Kriti Raga Tala Description Audio Links Other Links
chidambara naTarAja mUrtim tanu kIrti triSRa Eka
chidambara naTarAjam ASRayAmi kEdAram Adi
chidambarESwaram chintayAmi bhinna shadjam Adi
kanaka sabhApatim bhajarE mAnasa mALava SrI Adi
SivakAma patim chintayAmyaham nATa kuranji Adi
SivakAmESwaram chintayAmyaham Arabhi Adi

Chidambaram - Siva Kameswari Kritis

Kriti Raga Tala Description Audio Links Other Links
SivakAmEswarIm chintayEham kaLyANi Adi

Chidambaram - Govinda Rajeswara Kritis

Kriti Raga Tala Description Audio Links Other Links
gOvinda rAjam upAsmahE nityam mukhAri tripuTa
gOvinda rAjAya namastE suraTi rUpaka
gOvinda rAjEna rakshitOham mEcha bouLi rUpaka

Kasi - Visweswara / Kala Bhairava Kritis

Kriti Raga Tala Description Audio Links Other Links
kAla bhairavam bhajEham aniSam bhairavam Adi
kASi viSwESwara Ehi mAm pAhi kAmbhOji ATa
SrI viswanAtham bhajEham chaturdaSa rAga mAlika Adi
viSwanAthEna rakshitOham sAmanta Adi
viSwESwarO rakshtu mAm kAnaDa Adi
viSwanAtham bhajEham satatam naTAbharaNam rUpakam

Kasi - Visalakshi / Annapurna Devi Kritis

Kriti Raga Tala Description Audio Links Other Links
annapUrNE visAlAkshI karnNATaka dEva gAndhAram Adi
Ehi annapUrNE sannidhEhi punnAga varALi Adi
kASI viSAlAkshIm bhajEham gamaka kriya Adi
viSAlAlAksIm viSwESim bhajarE kAsi rAma kriya miSRa chApu

Sri Vaidyanatha / Balambika Krithis

Kriti Raga Tala Description Audio Links Other Links
bAlAmbikayA kaTAkshitOham SrI ranjani Eka
bAlAmbikAyAh param nahi rE kAnaDa Adi
bAlAmbikAyai namastE nATa kuranji rUpaka
bAlAmbikE pAhi bhadram dEhi manO ranjani maThya
bhajarE rE chitta bAlAmbikAm SAnta kaLyAni miSRa Eka
SrI vaidyanatham bhajAmi AThaNA Adi


Sri Rama Chandra Krithis

Sri Rama Chandra Vibhakti Krithis

Vibhakti Kriti Raga Tala Description Kshetra Audio Links Other Links
1-prathamA SrI rAma chandro rakshtu mAm SrI ranjani tripuTa
2-dwitiyA rAma chandram bhAvayAmi vasanta' rUpaka
3-tRtiyA rAma chandrEna samrakshitOham mAnji rUpaka
4-chaturthhI rAma chandrAya namastE tODi tripuTa
5-panchamI rAma chandrAdanyam najAnEham kaLyANi jhampe
6-shasThI rAma chandrasya dAsOham nAmavati Adi
7-saptamI rAmE bharata pAlita rAjyamarpayAmi jyOti jhampe
sambOdhana rAma rAma kali kalusha virAma rAm kali rUpaka

Other Krithis on Sri Rama

Kriti Raga Tala Description Kshetra Audio Links Other Links
kOdanDa rAmam aniSam bhajAmi kOkila ravam Adi
mAmava paTTAbhirAma maNi rangu miSRa Eka
mAmava raghu vIra martyAvatAra mahUri miSRa Eka
santAna rAma swAminam hindOLa vasanta Adi This kriti doesn't have 'guruguha' mudra nIDA mangaLam(yamunAmbA puram)
Sri rAmam ravi kulAbdi sOmam Narayana Gowla Adi darbha shayanam

Trichur brothers - http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FuzpUlbeaHk

Anjaneya Krithis

Kriti Raga Tala Description Kshetra Audio Links Other Links
pavanAtmajAgacchha paripUrNa swacchha nATa khanDa chApu
pavanAtmajam bhajarE SankarAbharaNam Adi
rAma chandra bhaktam bhaja mAnasa gEya hejjajji Adi
vIra hanumatE namO namO kAnaDa rUpaka

Sri Venkateswara Krithis

Kriti Raga Tala Description Kshetra Audio Links Other Links
prasanna vEnkaTEswaram bhajarE vaTI vasanta bhairavi miSRa chApu tanjAvUr
Sankha chakra gadA pANim aham vandE pUrNa chandrika rUpaka
SEShAchala nAyakam bhajAmi varALi miSRa Eka
SrI vEnkaTa girISam AlOkayE suraTi Adi gOkarNam
SrI vEnkaTESam bhajAmi satatam kaLyANa vasanta Adi
venkaTAchalapatE ninu nammiti kApI Adi This is a maNipravALa kriti - composed in 3 languages: Telugu, Tamil and Sanskrit gOkarNam

Sri Rangam Pancharatnam - Ranganatha Swami Krithis

Kriti Raga Tala Description Audio Links Other Links
ranga pura vihAra bRndAvana sAranga rUpaka
ranganAyakam bhAvayE nAyaki Adi
SrI ranganAtham upAsmahE pUrNa chandrika Adi
SrI ranganAthAya namastE dhanyASi Adi
SrI bhArgavI badram mangaLa kaishiki misra chApu

Narasimha Swami Krithis

Kriti Raga Tala Kshetra Description Audio Links Other Links
narasimha Agacchha mOhana miSRa Eka ghaTikAchalam

Sri Krishna Krithis

Kriti Raga Tala Kshetra Description Audio Links Other Links
nanda gOpAla mukunda khamAs rUpaka
santAna gOpalam upAsmahE khamAs rUpaka mannArguDi - santAna gOpala swAmi
SrI kRsnHam baja mAnasa satatam tODi Adi guruvAyUr This kRti lacks dIkhitar's guruguha mudra
SrI sundara rAjam bhajEham kASi rAma kriya (45) Adi madurai - aLagar kOvel (vRshabhAchalam)

Sri Lakshmi Krithis

Kriti Raga Tala Description Audio Links Other Links
hari yuvatIm hymavatIm ArAdhayAmi satatam dEsi simharavam triSRa Eka
HiraNmayIm lakshmIm sadA bhajAmi lalita Rupaka

Sikkil Gurucharan - http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4b6qh7JDxfY
MS Subbulakshmi - http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OqM1DAwQi78

mahA lakshmi karuNa rasa lahari mAdhava manOhari Adi
SrI bhArgavI bhadram mE diSatu mangaLa kaiSiki miSRa Eka
SrI vara lakshmI namastubhyam SrI miSRa Eka
vara lakshmIm bhajarE rE mAnasa sourAshTra Adi

Saraswati Devi krithis

Kriti Raga Tala Description Audio Links Other Links
bhAratI maddishaNAjAdyApahE dEva manOhari rUpaka
kaLAvatI kamalAsana yuvatI kaLAvati Adi
namO namastE gIrvANi gIrvANi tripuTa
saraswati chAyA tarangiNi chAyA tarangiNi Adi
saraswatI vidhi yuvatI hindOLa rUpaka
saraswatyA bhagavatyA samrakshitOham chAyA gouLa miSRa Eka
SarAvatI taTa vAsnI hamsinI SarAvati triSRa Eka
SrI saraswati namOstu tE Arabhi rUpaka Priya Sisters - http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=erocWMTocxw Swara Sindhu Lyric & Notation - http://www.swarasindhu.in/swarasindhu/showDetails.do?table=Kriti&id=2
vINA pustaka dhAriNim ASRyayE tOya vEgavAhini (16) khanDa Eka

English Notes

Composition Raga Tala Deity Audio Links
santatam pAhimAm Sankarabharanam Rupakam Parvati

Non-Group Krithis

Kriti Raga Tala Deity Kshetra Audio Links Other Links
kAyArOhaNEsam bajarE rE mAnasa Deva gandharam Rupakam KayArohaNEswara (Siva) nAga paTTNam
sarasija nAbha sOdarI sankarI Naga gandhari Rupakam Parvati

Priya Sisters - http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=k11cQQuZHmk

See also

References

External links


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