Alpinia galanga

Alpinia galanga

name = "Alpinia galanga"

regnum = Plantae
unranked_divisio = Angiosperms
unranked_classis = Monocots
unranked_ordo = Commelinids
ordo = Zingiberales
familia = Zingiberaceae
subfamilia = Alpinioideae
tribus = Alpinieae
genus = "Alpinia"
species = "A. galanga"
binomial = "Alpinia galanga"
binomial_authority = (L.) Willd.|

"Alpinia galanga", a plant in the ginger family, is an herb used in cooking, especially in Indonesian cuisine and Thai cuisine. It is one of four plants known as galangal, and is differentiated from the others with the common name greater galangal. The galangals are also called blue ginger or Thai ginger.

"A. galanga" is called laos in Indonesian and is the most common form of galangal used in cooking. It is also known as Langkwas and galanga root.


The plant grows from rhizomes in clumps of stiff stalks up to two meters in height with abundant long leaves which bears red fruit. It is native to South Asia and Indonesia. It is cultivated in Malaysia, Laos, and Thailand. "A. galanga" is the galangal used most often in cookery. The robust rhizome has a sharp, sweet taste and smells like a blend of black pepper and pine needles. The red fruit is used in traditional Chinese medicine and has a flavor similar to cardamom.

Culinary uses

The rhizome is a common ingredient in Thai soups and curries, where is used fresh in chunks or thin slices, mashed and mixed into curry paste, or dried and powdered. Indonesian rendang is usually spiced with galangal. Greater galangal is used in Russia as a flavoring for beverages, including a liqueur called "nastoika".

Medicinal uses

Under the names Chewing John, Little John to Chew, and Court Case Root it is used in African-American folk medicine and hoodoo folk magic. [ cite book
title= Hoodoo Herb and Root Magic: A Materia Magica of African-American Conjure, and Traditional Formulary
author=Catherine Yronwode
publisher=Lucky Mojo Curio Co.


ee also

*Lesser galangal


* Van Wyk, Ben-Erik (2005). "Food Plants of the World". Portland, Oregon: Timber Press, Inc. ISBN 0-88192-743-0
* [ Greater galangal]
* see Scheffer, J.J.C. & Jansen, P.C.M., 1999. Alpinia galanga (L.) Willd. [Internet] Record from Proseabase. de Guzman, C.C. and Siemonsma, J.S. (Editors).
* PROSEA (Plant Resources of South-East Asia) Foundation, Bogor, Indonesia. [] where much more information can be found.

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Alpinia galanga — ? Alpinia galanga …   Википедия

  • Alpinia Galanga — Galanga Ga*lan ga, Galangal Ga*lan gal, n.[OE. galingale, OF. galingal, garingal, F. galanga (cf. Sp. galanga), prob. fr. Ar. khalanj[=a]n. ] The pungent aromatic rhizome or tuber of certain East Indian or Chinese species of {Alpinia} ({Alpinia… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Alpinia galanga — Galanga Alpinia gala …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Alpinia galanga —   Alpinia galanga …   Wikipedia Español

  • Alpinia galanga — Thai Ingwer Thai Ingwer (Alpinia galanga) Systematik Klasse: Commelinaähnliche (Commelinidae) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Alpinia galanga — didžioji alpinija statusas T sritis vardynas apibrėžtis Imbierinių šeimos prieskoninis, vaistinis augalas (Alpinia galanga), paplitęs rytų ir pietryčių Azijoje. Iš jo gaminami maisto priedai (kvėpikliai). atitikmenys: lot. Alpinia galanga;… …   Lithuanian dictionary (lietuvių žodynas)

  • Alpinia galanga — ID 2848 Symbol Key ALGA2 Common Name greater galangal Family Zingiberaceae Category Monocot Division Magnoliophyta US Nativity Cultivated, or not in the U.S. US/NA Plant Yes State Distribution N/A Growth Habit N/A …   USDA Plant Characteristics

  • Alpinia galanga — noun southeastern Asian perennial with aromatic roots • Syn: ↑galangal • Hypernyms: ↑ginger • Member Holonyms: ↑Alpinia, ↑genus Alpinia, ↑genus Zerumbet, ↑genus Languas …   Useful english dictionary

  • Alpinia galanga (L.) Sw. — Symbol ALGA2 Common Name greater galangal Botanical Family Zingiberaceae …   Scientific plant list

  • Alpinia galanga (L.) Sw. — Symbol ALGA2 Common Name greater galangal Botanical Family Zingiberaceae …   Scientific plant list

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