- Koyukon language
Alaska(middle Yukon River, Koyukuk River)
script=Latin (Northern Athabaskan variant)
Koyukon is an
Athabaskanlanguage spoken along the Koyukuk and middle Yukon River in western interior Alaska. Also called Ten'a, Koyukon has about 300 speakers - generally older adults bilingual in English - from an ethnic population of 2,300Fact|date=February 2007. Jules Jette, a French Canadian Jesuit missionary, began recording the language and culture of the Koyukonpeople in 1898. Considered a fluent Koyukon speaker after spending years in the region, Jette died in 1927, leaving behind a significant quantity of notes on the Koyukon people, their culture and beliefs, and their language. Eliza Jones, an Alaskan native and member of the Koyukon tribe, came in contact with these manuscripts while studying, and later working, at the University of Alaska in the early 1970s. Working from Jette's notes, and in consultation with Koyukon tribal elders, Jones pieced together the Koyukon Athabaskan Dictionary, edited by James Kariand published by the Alaska Native Language Center at the University of Alaska, Fairbanks, in 2000.
The Koyukon Athabaskan Dictionary is unusually comprehensive in terms of documentation of an American indigenous language, in part because Jette's notes were of excellent quality and depth, and because these notes were taken around a century ago, when the language was far more actively spoken and the culture more traditional. The title 'dictionary' is misleading as the document is as much encyclopedic dictionary as it is a record of the culture and traditions of the Koyukon people.
There are also some traditional stories set down as readers by
Catherine Attlaand published by the University of Alaska, Fairbanks.
Phonology and Orthography
Sounds are given in
IPAwith the orthographic equivalent in angled brackets [cite journal
last = Axelrod
first = Melissa
year = 1990
month = April
title = Incorporation in Koyukon Athapaskan
volume = 56
issue = 2
pages = 79–95
University of Chicago
location = Chicago
issn = 0020-7071
url = http://www.jstor.org/view/00207071/ap040208/04a00020/0
format = Dead link|date=May 2008] :
There are four full vowels in Koyukon:
And there are three reduced vowels:
* Jones, Eliza, Comp. "Junior Dictionary for Central Koyukon Athabaskan: Dinaakkanaaga Ts'inh Huyoza". Alaska Native Language Center, University of Alaska Fairbanks, P.O. Box 900111, Fairbanks, AK 99775-0120, 1992.
* [http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=koy Ethnologue entry for Koyukon]
* [http://www.uaf.edu/anlc/ Alaska Native Language Center]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Koyukon — The Koyukon are a group of Athabaskan people living in northern Alaska. Their traditional home is along the Koyukuk and Yukon rivers where they subsisted by hunting and trapping for thousands of years. Many Koyukon live in a similar manner… … Wikipedia
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Koyukon — /koy yooh kon , kah /, n. 1. a member of a North American Indian people living in the Yukon River valley in west central Alaska. 2. the Athabaskan language of the Koyukon. Also called Tena. [resp., after the Koyukuk and Yukon Rivers, of earlier… … Universalium
Koyukon — ISO 639 3 Code : koy ISO 639 2/B Code : ISO 639 2/T Code : ISO 639 1 Code : Scope : Individual Language Type : Living … Names of Languages ISO 639-3
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