Flavobacterium


Flavobacterium

Taxobox
name = Flavobacterium
regnum = Bacteria
phylum = Bacteroidetes
classis = Flavobacteria
ordo = Flavobacteriaceae
familia = Flavobacteriaceae
genus = Flavobacterium
genus_authority = Bergey, "et al". 1923
subdivision_ranks = Species
subdivision ="F. aquatile"
"F. branchiophilum"
"F. columnare"
"F. flevense"
"F. gondwanense"
"F. hydatis"
"F. johnsoniae"
"F. pectinovorum"
"F. psychrophilum"
"F. saccharophilum"
"F. salegens"
"F. scophthalmum"
"F. succinans"

"Flavobacterium" is a genus of Gram-negative, non-motile, rod-shaped bacteria that consists of ten recognized species, [Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, 2nd ed., vol. 1 (The Archaea and the deeply branching and phototrophic Bacteria) (D.R. Boone and R.W. Castenholz, eds.), Springer-Verlag, New York (2001). pp. 465-466.] as well as three newly proposed species ("F. gondwanense",cite journal
author=Dobson, "et al."
title=Direct sequencing of the polymerase chain reaction-amplified 16S rRNA gene of "Flavobacterium gondwanense" sp. nov. and "Flavobacterium salegens" sp nov., two new species from a hypersaline antarctic lake
journal=Int J Syst Bacteriol
volume=43 |issue=1| pages=77–83
year=1993 Jan
pmid=7678983
] "F. salegens", and "Flavobacterium F. scophthalmum" [cite journal
author=Mudarris, "et al."
title="Flavobacterium scophthalmum" sp. nov., a pathogen of turbot ("Scophthalmus maximus" L.). |journal=Int J Syst Bacteriol
volume=44
issue=1
pages=77–83
year=1993 Jan
pmid=7678983
] ). Flavobacteria are found in soil and fresh water in a variety of environments. Several species are known to cause disease in freshwater fish. [cite journal
author=Bernardet, "et al."
title=Cutting a Gordian Knot: Emended Classification and Description of the Genus "Flavobacterium", Emended Description of the Family "Flavobacteriaceae", and Proposal of "Flavobacterium hydatis" nom. nov. (Basonym, "Cytophaga aquatalis" Strohl and Tait 1978)
journal=Int J Syst Bacteriol
volume=46
issue=3
pages=447–53
year=1994 Jul |pmid=8068540
]

"Flavobacterium psychrophilum" causes the Bacterial Cold Water Disease (BCWD) on salmonids and the Rainbow Trout Fry Disease (RTFS) on rainbow trouts."Flavobacterium columnare" causes the cotton-wool disease on freshwater fishes."Flavobacterium branchiophilum" causes the Bacterial Gill Disease (BGD) on trouts.

ee also

*Nylon-eating bacteria

References


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  • flavobacterium — /flay voh bak tear ee euhm/, n., pl. flavobacteria / tear ee euh/. Bacteriol. any of several rod shaped, aerobic to facultatively anaerobic bacteria of the genus Flavobacterium, inhabiting soil and water. [ < NL; see FLAVO , BACTERIUM] * * * …   Universalium

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  • flavobacterium — noun Any of many Gram negative rod shaped bacteria, of the class Flavobacteria, that occur in soil and water, and are mostly pigmented and photosynthetic …   Wiktionary

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