- Tohu Kakahi
Tohu Kakahi (c. 1824-1907) was a
Māorileader and prophet at Parihaka, who along with Te Whiti o Rongomaiorganised passive resistance against the occupation of Taranakiin the 1870s in New Zealand.
Details of Tohu's early life are unclear but he was born around 1824 in the Te Ati Awa
iwiof Taranaki. He was regarded as a teacher and prophet and it is said Tohu confirmed Pōtatau Te Wherowhero's son Tawhiao as the second Māori King, and was his spiritual adviser.
Along with other members of Te Ati Awa, Tohu fought in the
Taranaki Wars in the 1860s and was one of the leaders at the attack on the redoubt of Te Morereby a Pai Marirewar party. Following this, he joined his relative Te Whiti o Rongomaiat Parihaka, south Taranaki in leading passive resistance to confiscation of Maori land.
When the Waimate Plain was surveyed in 1879. Māori asserted their land rights by removing survey pegs and by ploughing and fencing across roads and settler claimed areas. Many arrests of the Māori ploughmen were made, but the campaign had wide support by other iwi. In November 1881 the village of Parihaka was occupied by Government troops and Tohu was arrested along with Te Whiti and hundreds of others.
Tohu and Te Whiti were charged with "wickedly, maliciously, and seditiously contriving and intending to disturb the peace" but they were never brought to trial. Tohu was released in 1883 and returned to Parihaka but the arrests and dispersion had reduced the population and importance of Parihaka. Tohu continued to advocate traditional Māori values, and opposed alcohol and European influences at Parihaka until his death in 1907.
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