- DeTour Reef Light
DeTour Reef Light Location Lake Huron, Michigan Coordinates Year first lit 1931 Automated 1974 Foundation Concrete Crib pier Construction Reinforced concrete and steel Tower shape Square tower, Integral White square superstructuredecahedron lantern Markings / pattern White with black trim & red roof Height Tower - 78 feet (24 m) Focal height 74 ft (23m) Original lens 3½-order Fresnel Lens Current lens VRB-25 system Range W 18 miles (29 km), R 15 miles (24 km) Characteristic Fl W 10s (R sector) Red from 079.5° to 189.5°. Racon "D" (Delta)(– • •) ARLHS number USA-226 USCG number 7-12770DeTour Reef Light Station Nearest city: DeTour Township, Michigan Coordinates: Coordinates: Area: 0.1 acres (0.040 ha) Built: 1930 Architect: Office of Supt. of Lighthouses Architectural style: Classical Revival or Art Deco Governing body: COAST GUARD MPS: Light Stations of the United States MPS NRHP Reference#: 05000151 Added to NRHP: March 15, 2005
The DeTour Reef Light is a non-profit-operated lighthouse marking the southern entrance of the DeTour Passage between the eastern end of Michigan's Upper Peninsula and Drummond Island. The light is an automated active aid to navigation. It marks the northern end of Lake Huron. The passage is used by almost all of the Great Lakes commercial freighter traffic moving to and from Lake Superior, with approximately 5,000 vessel movements annually. It is said to be "the gateway to Lake Superior." In addition, many recreational boaters use the passage. The Light is located in Lake Huron, three miles (5 km) south of the nearest town, DeTour Village, Michigan.
The southern entrance to DeTour Passage is made dangerous by a shoal, DeTour Reef. In order to enter or leave the passage, boats must thread past a shallow area no more than 23 feet (7 m) deep.
In 1847 a lighthouse was located on shore at Point DeTour, Michigan to protect the DeTour Passage at the northwestern end of Lake Huron. In 1931 it was moved offshore on to DeTour Reef. It is locally called the "Gateway to Superior”.
The DeTour Reef Lighthouse, raised in 1931, not only marks the channel, but also is built atop DeTour Reef on a crib structure, and warns boats away from it. The lighthouse and its concrete base are 83 feet (25 m) tall.
After commercial bids were determined to be unsatisfactory, the light was constructed by the U. S. Army Corps of Engineers. The structure was finished in 327 working days. This iteration of the light was built for $140,000. Some sources have described it as "Art Deco."
The concrete foundation is similar to the Martin Reef Light located about 10 miles (16 km) to the west, and Poe Reef Light located near Cheboygan, Michigan. The same crew built all three lights around the same time. It is almost a 'fraternal twin' of the Fourteen Foot Shoal Light which was built in 1930. In that sense, by using the same crews, equipment and personnel, the builders followed in the tradition of the builders of Spectacle Reef Light, White Shoal Light, and Waugoshance Light, thereby achieving real savings and efficiency.
This light (and its predecessor) have gone through many different lenses in its 160 year history.
- In 1848, the original illuminating apparatus was a fixed white light produced by 13 Argand lamps -- the predecessor and original design of the so-called "Lewis lamp" -- each with a 14" reflector. It was designed with a 270-degree arc to conserve whale oil.
- In 1857 a 4th order Fresnel lens producing a fixed white light was installed.
- In 1870 a fixed, white, 3rd order Fresnel lens was installed. That year, the remnants of the original stone tower were removed. In 1907, the 3rd order lens was replaced by a 3½-order bi-valve lens. This lens did not last long.
- In 1908 a rare 3½-order Order Fresnel lens, one of only a dozen used around the country, most of which were on the Great Lakes, configured as a flashing white light with a characteristic of a one-second flash and a nine-second eclipse was installed. It had an effective range of 30 miles (48 km). The lens was manufactured by Barbier, Benard & Turenne Co. of Paris, France. It has the number USLHE 317 stamped on it. These lights were typically reserved for places that were an especially serious hazard to navigation. See, for example, Sturgeon Point Light. Other Great Lakes lights that had 3½-order Fresnel lenses were at (in alphabetical order): Eagle Bluff, Grays Reef, Huron Island, Michigan Island, St. Helena Island, and Toledo Harbor.
- In 1931, a new Detour Reef light structure was introduced. The same lens was relocated to it, The light remained white.
- In 1936, the color changed from straight white to white with a red sector that faced land. This was accomplished through the use of a color shade inside the lens room.
- In 1978 this lens was dismantled. It is now on display at the DeTour Passage Historical Museum in DeTour Village, Michigan.
- The present optic is a Vega VRB-25 system
A concise explanation on the different lenses and their technology is available at Lighthouse Illumination Technology, Terry Pepper, Seeing the Light.
In 1998, the National Trust for Historic Preservation named Michigan’s historic lighthouses, with DeTour Reef Light being their prime example to their 1998 List of America’s 11 Most Endangered Historic Places. This was the first time a lighthouse was included on the annual list. This gave impetus to the DeTour Reef Lighthouse Preservation Society, and lent them national recognition.
Like many U.S. lighthouses, in 1997 the DeTour Reef Lighthouse was "deemed excess" and no longer needed by its former owner, the United States Coast Guard. In response, in 1998, the DeTour Reef Light Preservation Society (DRLPS) was established as a nonprofit 501c3 volunteer organization to restore and preserve the DeTour Reef Light.
The Coast Guard transferred control and, finally, ownership over DeTour Reef Light to the DRLPS in a series of rolling steps. These steps tracked the a successful DRLPS $1.2 million fundraising effort and demonstration that they could take on ownership of the Light:
- In 1998, the Coast Guard transferred custodianship responsibilities for the light to the DRLPS. The DRLPS began to removate the Light.
- In 2000 DRLPS obtained a 20-year lease on the lighthouse from the Coast Guard.
- Also in 2000, Congress passed the National Historic Lighthouse Preservation Act of 2000, enabling the complete privatization of eligible light stations and light complexes. The DeTour Reef Light Preservation Society continued their renovation, and submitted an application to take over complete ownership of the lighthouse.
- In 2004, the DRLPS completed a major restoration with private donations from the general public, aided by funding from federal, state, and private grant entities.
- In 2005, in response to the success of this renovation effort, the DRLPS was awarded ownership of the DeTour Reef Light.
Detour Reef Light is one of more than 150 past and present major "lights" (which are greater in number than "lighthouses" -- which implies a keeper's quarters)—in Michigan. This is just one of the 40 lighthouses in Michigan which have been transferred to private ownership in the recent past.
As of 2009, "public tours of this unique historic offshore Michigan maritime monument are now being offered", for the first time in the 74-year history of the lighthouse.
It should be noted that the Light is only accessible by boat. The DRLPS offers boat trips to, and tours of, the lighthouse. A significant fee is charged to help cover the operating costs of maintaining the lighthouse. Also offered to a relatively small number of contributors are a limited number of occupancy nights for guests to stay in the lightkeeper's quarters; the quarters are restored to their appearance in and around 1956 (its last year of full-time occupation before automation). Guests are expected to help show the Light, and to perform lightkeeping chores, as a condition of their occupancy.
The DeTour Reef Light's former 3½-order Fresnel lens, taken out of service in 1978, is displayed at the DeTour Passage Historical Museum in DeTour, Mich. and the lighthouse's former diaphone foghorn has been returned to the custody of the DeTour Reef Light Preservation Society. It is temporarily displayed at the Drummond Island Historical Museum.
- ^ Lighthouse Central, DeTour Reef light The Ultimate Guide to Upper Michigan Lighthouses by Jerry Roach (Publisher: Bugs Publishing LLC - 2007). ISBN 978-0-9747977-2-4.
- ^ National Park Service , Maritime Heritage Project, Inventory of Historic Lights, De Tour Reef Light.
- ^ Pepper, Terry. "Database of Tower Heights". Seeing the Light. terrypepper.com. http://www.terrypepper.com/lights/lists/towers.htm.
- ^ Rowlett, Russ. "Lighthouses of the United States: Michigan's Eastern Upper Peninsula". The Lighthouse Directory. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. http://www.unc.edu/~rowlett/lighthouse/miup.htm.
- ^ (PDF) Light List, Volume VII, Great Lakes. Light List. United States Coast Guard. 2009. p. 128. http://www.navcen.uscg.gov/pdf/lightLists/LightList%20V7.pdf.
- ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2009-03-13. http://nrhp.focus.nps.gov/natreg/docs/All_Data.html.
- ^ a b c d e f Wobser, David, Detour Reef Light -- Gateway to Lake Superior: A Textbook Example of Lighthouse Restoration, which originally appeared in the Summer 2003 issue of Great Laker magazine, Boatnerd.com.
- ^ Michigan Lighthouse Conservancy, DeTour Reef Light.
- ^ a b "Historic Light Station Information and Photography: Michigan". United States Coast Guard Historian's Office. http://www.uscg.mil/history/weblighthouses/LHMI.asp.
- ^ Interactive map on Michigan lighthouses, Detroit News.
- ^ Lighthouse illumination, Terry Pepper, Seeing the Light.
- ^ a b Terry Pepper, Seeing the Light 3½-order Fresnel lens.
- ^ History of the DeTour light, DeTour Light Preservation Society.
- ^ National Park Service, Maritime heritage, inventory of DeTour Reef Light.
- ^ Roberts, Bruce; Jones, Ray. (September 2002) American Lighthouses, 2nd: A Definitive Guide pp. 246-250 Publisher: Globe Pequot Press 304 pp ISBN 9780762722693.
- ^ Terry Pepper, Seeing the Light, DeTour Reef Light.
- ^ a b 1998 List of America’s 11 Most Endangered Historic Places, Michigan's Historic lighthouses, exemplified by DeTour Reef Light.
- ^ a b c Anderson, Kraig. Lighthouse friends, DeTour Reef Light.
- ^ National Register of Historic Places Listings March 25, 2005
- ^ De Tour Reef Lighthouse Preservation Society.
- ^ Photo of DeTour Reef lens, National Park Service website, photo by Terry Pepper.
Specialized Further reading
- Johnson, Cynthia (January, 1999) Saving the DeTour Reef Lighthouse It Takes a Village, Lighthouse Digest.
- LaFave, Michael (Mackinac Center), Privatization Shines - article on the general subject of privatization of lighthouses, with a large section specifically on Granite Island.
- Passages, Official Magazine of the Detour Reef Light Preservation Society, all back issues on line.
- Wobser, David, Detour Reef Light -- Gateway to Lake Superior: A Textbook Example of Lighthouse Restoration, which originally appeared in the Summer 2003 issue of Great Laker magazine, Boatnerd.com.
- De Tour Reef Lighthouse Preservation Society.
- Lake Huron Northern Lighthouses Mapped by Google
- Lighthouses in the Mackinac Straits.
- Interactive map of lighthouses in northern Lake Michigan.
- Map of Michigan Lighthouse in PDF Format.
- Terry Pepper, Seeing the Light, DeTour Reef Light.
- Satellite view at Google maps.
- (PDF) Light List, Volume VII, Great Lakes. Light List. United States Coast Guard. http://www.navcen.uscg.gov/pdf/lightLists/LightList%20V7.pdf. - referred to as "De Tour Reef Light"
Lighthouses of Michigan See also: List of lighthouses in Michigan Northern upper peninsulaAu Sable Light • Big Bay Point Light • Copper Harbor Light • Copper Harbor Front Range Light • Crisp Point Light • Eagle Harbor Light • Eagle Harbor Range Lights • Eagle River Light • Fourteen Mile Point Light • Grand Island East Channel Light • Grand Island Harbor Rear Range Light • Grand Island North Light • Granite Island Light • Gull Rock Light Station • Huron Island Light • Isle Royale Light • Manitou Island Light Station • Marquette Harbor Light • Mendota (Bete Grise) Light • Munising Front Range Light • Munising Rear Range Light • Portage River (Jacobsville) Light • Passage Island Light • Rock Harbor Light • Rock of Ages Light • Sand Hills Light • St. Martin Island Light • Stannard Rock Light • Thunder Bay Island Light • Whitefish Point Light Southern upper peninsula St. Mary's RiverFrying Pan Island Light • Pipe Island Light • Point Iroquois Light • Round Island Light (St. Mary's River) • Six Mile Point Range Rear Light Portage River/Ship CanalKeweenaw Waterway (Portage Lake) Lower Entrance • Keweenaw Waterway Upper Entrance Light • Rouleau Point Range Front and Rear Lights Straits of Mackinac Western lower peninsulaBeaver Island Harbor Light • Beaver Island Head Light • Big Sable Point Light • Charlevoix Light • Charlevoix South Pier Light • Frankfort Light • Frankfort South Range Light • Grand Haven Light • Grand Haven South Pierhead Outer Light • Grand Haven Main Light • Gray's Reef Light • Holland Harbor Light • Ile Aux Galets • Little Sable Point Light • Little Traverse Light • Ludington Light • Manistee Main Light • Manistee Pierhead lights • Miller Memorial Light • Mission Point Light • Mission Point Light (2) • Muskegon Breakwater Light • Muskegon Pier Light • Point Betsie Light • South Fox Island • South Haven Light • South Manitou Island Light • Waugoshance Light • White River Light Eastern lower peninsulaAlpena Light • Bellanger Park (Ecorse) Light • Caseville Harbor (Saginaw Bay) • Belle Isle Light • Charity Island Light • Cheboygan River Range Front Light • Cheboygan Crib Light • Detroit River Light • Fort Gratiot Light • Forty Mile Point Light • Fourteen Foot Shoal Light • Gibraltar Light • Gravelly Shoal Light • Harbor Beach Light • Manning Memorial Light • Mariners Memorial (River Rouge) Light • New Presque Isle Light • Old Presque Isle Light • Poe Reef Light • Pointe aux Barques Light • Port Austin Light • Port Sanilac Light • Saginaw River Range Front Light • Saginaw River Rear Range Light • Spectacle Reef Light • St. Clair Flats Front and Rear Range Light • Sturgeon Point Light • Tawas Point Light • Tri-Centennial Light of Detroit • William Livingtone Memorial Light Historical (lost) lightsAu Sable North Pierhead • Clinton River Light • Ecorse Light • Ecorse Range Rear • Gibraltar Light • Grassy Island Lighthouse • Grassy Island North Channel Range • Grassy Island South Channel Range • Grosse Isle South Channel Range • Harwood Point East Range Front (St. Mary's River) • Mama Juda Light • Mama Juda Range Front • Middle Lake George • Monroe Pier • New Buffalo • North Manitou Island • Rouleau Point Range Front and Rear • Saginaw Bay • Sand Beach North Entrance East • Squaw Point • St. Mary's River Lower Range Front • Turtle Island Light • Vidal Shoals Channel Range Front and Rear • Windmill Point Range Front and Rear • Winter Point Range Front Related – Lightship Huron, List of lifesaving stations in Michigan U.S. National Register of Historic Places Topics Lists by statesAlabama • Alaska • Arizona • Arkansas • California • Colorado • Connecticut • Delaware • Florida • Georgia • Hawaii • Idaho • Illinois • Indiana • Iowa • Kansas • Kentucky • Louisiana • Maine • Maryland • Massachusetts • Michigan • Minnesota • Mississippi • Missouri • Montana • Nebraska • Nevada • New Hampshire • New Jersey • New Mexico • New York • North Carolina • North Dakota • Ohio • Oklahoma • Oregon • Pennsylvania • Rhode Island • South Carolina • South Dakota • Tennessee • Texas • Utah • Vermont • Virginia • Washington • West Virginia • Wisconsin • Wyoming Lists by territories Lists by associated states Other Category:National Register of Historic Places • Portal:National Register of Historic Places
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