- SS Florizel
SS "Florizel", a passenger liner, was the flagship of the
Bowring Brothers' Red Cross Line of steamships and one of the first ships in the world specifically designed to navigate icy waters." Encyclopedia of Newfoundland and Labrador", ISBN 0-9693422-1-7.] During its last voyage, from St. John's to Halifax and on to New York, it sunk after striking a reef at Horn Head Point (coord|46|50|56|N|52|56|20|W|), Cape Racenear Cappahayden, Newfoundland, Canada, with the loss of 173 including Betty Munn, a three-year-old girl, in whose memory a statue of Peter Panwas erected at Bowring Park in St. John's.
The sinking of the "Florizel" and the tragic loss of life, compounded by the controversy surrounding her ill-fated voyage was the subject of a book by
Cassie Brownentitled "A Winter's Tale - The Wreck of the Florizel", ISBN 0-9698767-4-2.
The "Florizel" was primarily a
passenger liner, built for the Bowring Brothers to replace an earlier ship, the "SS Silvia", which had been lost at sea. Built of steel, it was one of the first ships in the world to be specifically designed to navigate the icy waters around Newfoundland and Labrador. The vessel was modified each spring to participate in the annual seal hunt off the coast of Newfoundland. Often captained by Captain Abram Kean, she broke many records on her numerous voyages to the seal hunt. Paul O'Neill, "The Oldest City: The Story of St. John's, Newfoundland", 2003, ISBN 0-9730271-2-6.]
The "Florizel" was also used as a transport vessel during
World War I. In October 1914 it carried the first 500 volunteers of the Newfoundland Regiment, the Blue Puttees, to Europe.
Bowring Brothers were the operators for the New York, Newfoundland and Halifax Steamship Company, Limited. At the time of the "Florizel"'s construction it was considered a luxury liner; it had room for 145 first-class accommodations.
The Bowring fleet of ships of that era were given names from Shakespearean plays: the "Florizel" was named after young Prince Florizel in "
The Winter's Tale".
The "Florizel" left St. John's on February 23, 1918, for Halifax and then on to New York, with 78 passengers and 66 crew. Among the passengers were many prominent St. John's businessmen. Shortly after the vessel left port the weather turned nasty and after nine hours of steaming southward the captain,
William Martin, assumed that he had rounded Cape Raceand consequentially turned westward. However, because of the gale forcewinds the "Florizel" had actually traveled just 45 miles and was well short of the Cape. The sea crashing against the rocks at Horn Head Point was white with froth and Captain Martin mistook it for ice and eventually crashed full speed into the rocks. Most of the passengers and crew that survived the initial crash found shelter in the Marconi Shack, the least damaged portion of the ship.
SOSwas sent out and received by the Admiralty wireless station located at Mount Pearl. [http://www.nfld.com/~sirjames/exhibits/florizel.htm Exhibit at Admiralty House] ] By the evening of the 24th the first rescue ships had arrived to no sign of life. The weather had abated somewhat when light was spotted and a rescue attempt was carried out after the storm had calmed. Of the 138 passengers, 44 had survived the initial crash and after 27 hours, the ship struck ground and the last of the passengers and crew were rescued. Medals of braverywere awarded to several crew members of the "Briton" by the Prince of Wales, the future King Edward VIII, while he was in St. John's in 1919.
Captain Martin, who had survived the tragedy, was held responsible for the disaster, because of the lack of soundings taken during the course of the voyage. His certificate was suspended for twenty-one months. It was not until later that Captain Martin was found not to have been at fault. The Chief Engineer, J.V. Reader, had reduced the speed of the vessel as soon as she left port, bypassing the captain's orders to proceed at full speed. This action had caused the ship to make less distance than had been thought. The reason cited for Reader's action was to prolong the trip to Halifax such that the vessel would have to dock overnight and allow Reader time to visit his family while there.
Lost passengers of historical importance
* Patrick Laracy, owner of the "Crescent" theater in St. John's.
* Betty Munn, granddaughter of Sir Edgar Bowring (founder of
* James H. Baggs(40),curling, Bay Of IslandPassengers Perished:First ClassOfficers and Crew Perished
#F.C. Smythe, 44
#Jas. H. Baggs
#Mrs. W.F. Butler
#James McCoubrey, 40
#Robert Wright, 40
#James Miller, 28
#James Daley, 45
#Miss Annie Dalton
#Miss M. Barrett
#Jack C. Parsons
#Newman Sellars, 21
#William E Bishop
#Chas H. Miller, 45
#F. Gerald P. St. John
#George Parmiter, 25
#Capt. Jos Kean, 44
#John S Munn, 37
#Miss B. Beaumont
#Miss Munn 3 1/2
#Miss Trechard:Second Class
#Miss Maloney, 28
#Miss Eliz Pelley
#Geo. Puddister, 41
#Mrs. John Lynch, 54
#W. Richard, 26
#Jas. Crockwell, 50
#Herbert Pearcey, 28
#Jas. Bartlett, 43
#Mr. StevensPassengers Saved
#John R. King, Second Officer, Arichat, N.S.
#J.V. Reader, Chief Engineer, Halifax, N.S., 45
#Charles Snow, Second Stewart, St. John’s
#Miss Margaret Keho, Stewardess, St. John’s
#Fred Guthrie, Second Cook, Liverpool
#J McKinnon, Baker, Glasgow
#Ramon Rez, Messroom Stewart, Spain.
#P. Lynch, Waiter, St. John’s
#Gordon Ivany, Waiter, St. John’s
#Austin Whitten, Waiter, St John’s
#Stan Squires, Waiter, St. John’s
#Stan Foley, Waiter, Grey Islands
#M.L. Dunphy, Waiter, St. John’s
#Thomas Hennebury, Oiler, St. John’s
#A Moody, Butcher, New Hampshire
#Geo Crocker, Sailor, St. John’s
#Wm. Walter, Sailor, Trinity
#Chas Bailey, Sailor, Port Rexton
#John Power, Sailor, Paradise, P.B.Officers and Crew Saved
#John J. Cleary
#J. P. Kieley
#W. N. Dauphinee
#A. G. Fagan
#G. M Mullowney
#J. G. Sparrow
#Captain Wm. Martin
#Chief Officer James
#3rd Officer Philip Jackman
#2nd Engineer T. Lumsden
#3rd Engineer E. Collier
#4th Engineer H. Taylor
#Marconi Operator C. Carter
#Asst. Marconi Operator B. J. Murphy
#Bosun Michael Power
#Carpenter Jacob Pinsent
#John Johnson, Pantry Waiter
#James Dwyer, Waiter
#Jos. Moore, Cook
#Fred Roberts, Waiter
#Edward Timmons, Oiler
#John Davis, Oiler
#A Hatchard, Sailor
#Hy. Dodd, Waiter
#Alex Fleet, Waiter
#W. Dooley, Sailor
#Joseph Burry, Sailor
#Thomas Greene, Sailor
#George Curtis, Gunner
#Henry Snow, Waiter
#Charles Reelis, Waiter
#Jose Fernandez, Fireman
#Wm. Molloy, Sailor. [St. John's Daily News, February 22, 1918.]
Survivors of historical importance
* J.P. Kiely, owner/manager of the
Nickel Theatrein St. John's.
Bodies Not Recovered
* Francisco Fornas, fireman, Spain.
* Edward Greening, Bonavista.
* Charles Howell, Trinity.
* Gordon Ivany, St. John's.
* Clarence E. Moulton, St. John's.
* Leonard Nicholl, St. John's.
RECIPIENTS OF THE ROYAL HUMANE SOCIETY MEDAL FOR BRAVERY AT SEA
The S.S. Gordon C
*Captain E. C. Perry
*Chief Engineer Robert Pierson
*Seaman Joseph Budden
The S.S. Hawk
*Captain martin Dalton
*Seaman Daniel Ralph
*Seaman Michael Whelan
* [http://www.heritage.nf.ca/cns_archives/22riggsoct17_1996.html CNS Archives]
* [http://www.lostatsea.ca/florizel.htm Lost at Sea]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Florizel (1909) — Florizel p1 Schiffsdaten … Deutsch Wikipedia
Florizel Glasspole — Florizel Augustus Glasspole ON, GCMG, GCVO, CD (* 25. September 1909 in Kingston (Jamaika); † 25. November 2000 ebenda) war langjähriger Generalgouverneur von Jamaika sowie Gewerkschaftsfunktionär. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Biografie 1.1… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Florizel (The Winter's Tale) — Florizel is a fictional character in Shakespeare s The Winter s Tale .Florizel is the son of Polixenes – King of Bohemia. He falls in love with Perdita wishing to marry her until his father protests; objecting to the marriage, warning Florizel… … Wikipedia
Florizel Medina Péreznieto — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Florizel Medina Pereznieto (Villahermosa, Tabasco) Florizel Medina Péreznieto es un político tabasqueño nacido en Villahermosa, el 25 de octubre de 1950. Ha tenido una destacada carrera política dentro de su estado y … Wikipedia Español
Florizel Glasspole — Mandats 3e Gouverneur général de la Jamaïque 27 … Wikipédia en Français
Florizel — You may be looking for Florizel (The Winter s Tale) or SS FlorizelFlorizel was a Thoroughbred racehorse.Thoroughbred racehorse infobox horsename = Florizel caption = sire = Herod grandsire = Tartar dam = Cygnet mare damsire = Cygnet sex =… … Wikipedia
Florizel Glasspole — The Most Honourable Sir Florizel Augustus Glasspole KCVO, ON (25 September, 1909, Kingston, Jamaica – November 25, 2000, Kingston, Jamaica) was the third Governor General of Jamaica.http://www.nlj.org.jm/docs/images/florizel.jpgAn activist of the … Wikipedia
The Adventure of Prince Florizel and a Detective — Infobox short story | name = The Adventure of Prince Florizel and a Detective title orig = translator = author = Robert Louis Stevenson country = flagicon|Scotland Scotland language = English series = The Rajah s Diamond genre = Detective fiction … Wikipedia
"Флоризель и Утрата" — (Florizel and Perdita) обработка * Зимней сказки , созданная Дэвидом *Гарриком в 1756 г. на основе двух последних актов пьесы. Она не сходила со сцены до конца века и оказала неоспоримое влияние на других сценаристов и драматургов, готовивших… … Шекспировская энциклопедия
The Suicide Club (Stevenson) — infobox Book | name = The Suicide Club title orig = translator = image caption = Cover of the 2000 Dover Thrift edition author = Robert Louis Stevenson illustrator = cover artist = country = flagicon|Scotland Scotland language = English series =… … Wikipedia