Local Government (Boundaries) Act (Northern Ireland) 1971


Local Government (Boundaries) Act (Northern Ireland) 1971

Infobox Northern Ireland law
short_title= Local Government (Boundaries) Act (Northern Ireland) 1971
long_title= An Act to provide that Northern Ireland shall be divided into twenty-six local government districts and that each of those districts shall be divided into wards; to appoint a Commissioner to make recommendations regarding the boundaries and names of those districts and wards and the number of wards in each district; and for purposes connected therewith.
introduced_by=
commons= 23 March 1971
senate=
royal_assent=
commencement= Immediate | amendments=
related_legislation= Local Government Act (Northern Ireland) 1972, Local Government (Boundaries) (Northern Ireland) Order 2006
status=Repealed
The Local Government (Boundaries) Act (Northern Ireland) 1971 was an Act of the Parliament of Northern Ireland, passed in 1971 to replace the previous system of local authorities established by the Local Government (Ireland) Act 1898. The system was based on the recommendations of the Macrory Report, of June 1970, which presupposed the continued existence of the Government of Northern Ireland to act as a regional-level authority.

Northern Ireland was to be divided into twenty-six local government districts, each consisting of a number of wards. The Act did not define the Districts exactly, but provided a list of 26 existing local government areas which would form the basis of the pattern. It then gave the Governor of Northern Ireland the power to appoint a Local Government Boundaries Commissioner who was to report with proposed names and boundaries not later than June 30 1972.

The Commissioner's proposals were put into effect by the Local Government (Boundaries) Order (Northern Ireland) 1972, dated July 17 1972. [Belfast Gazette, issue no.2800, July 28, 1972]

The 1971 Act created districts, but did not make provision for councils to govern them. This was done by the Local Government Act (Northern Ireland) 1972. The councils created by the latter Act came into existence on October 1, 1973.

Local Government Districts and Wards

The following list shows the original names of the twenty-six local government districts. A number have since changed their name or gained borough or city status under the Local Government Act (Northern Ireland) 1972. Also shown are the wards into which each local government district was divided. In the 1972 local government Act it stated "It shall be taken that each ward shall return one member to the council of the district in which it is situated", however by the time the first elections were held on May 30 1973, a system of proportional representation using multi-member district electoral areas had been introduced. The electoral areas consisted of groupings of between four and eight wards, with a number of councillors being elected for each area equal to the number of wards. The wards were subsequently used as building blocks for other units such as constituencies, and census statistics have been compiled for them.


#Antrim
#Ards
#Armagh
#Ballymena
#Ballymoney
#Banbridge
#Belfast
#Carrickfergus
#Castlereagh
#Coleraine
#Cookstown
#Craigavon
#Londonderry
  1. Down
  2. Dungannon
  3. Fermanagh
  4. Larne
  5. Limavady
  6. Lisburn
  7. Magherafelt
  8. Moyle
  9. Newry and Mourne
  10. Newtownabbey
  11. North Down
  12. Omagh
  13. Strabane

† Although Craigavon urban district is listed in Schedule 1 of the Act, no such local government area existed. It appears to refer to the designated area of Craigavon New Town, which included the municipal boroughs of Lurgan and Portadown.

Changes and repeal

The areas established by the Act were reviewed on a number of occasions: in 1985 the number of wards was increased from 524 to 562. In 1993 the number of wards was again increased to 582, and in 1993 the ward of Rathfriland was transferred from Newry and Mourne to Banbridge district. There were also minor boundary changes, such as the transfer of rural parts of Legoniel from Belfast to Antrim in 1985.

In 1984 the name of Londonderry District was changed to Derry, and in 1999 Dungannon District was renamed Dungannon and South Tyrone.

It was announced in March 2008 that the number of councils would be reduced from 26 to 11 from April 2011. [http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/northern_ireland/7293553.stm]

External links

* [http://cain.ulst.ac.uk/hmso/lgba1971.htm Local Government (Boundaries) Act (Northern Ireland) 1971 from CAIN Web Service]

References


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