Bassaleg ( _cy. Basaleg) is a small semi-urban area on the west side of the
cityof Newport, in south Wales. It lies in the Graigelectoral district (ward) and community.
Location, communications & amenities
Bassaleg is located two miles north west of
Newport city centre. Bassaleg is roughly bounded by the A467 road[http://www.geograph.org.uk/photo/528185] (A4072) to the east, the railway spur to Lower Machen(the former Brecon and Merthyr Railway) to the north, the St MellonsRoad (B4288) to the south and Rhiwderinto the east. The Ebbw Riverruns through the area [http://www.geograph.org.uk/photo/528034] . The A468 roadpasses through towards Caerphillyand junction 28 of the M4 motorwayis less than a mile to the south [http://www.geograph.org.uk/photo/545650] .
As Bassaleg lies near the junction of the Brecon and Merthyr Railway and
Great Western Railwayit used to have two stations (Bassaleg and Bassaleg Junction), although they were both victims of the Beeching Axein the 1960s. As the Ebbw Valley Lineis being re-opened, there are plans for a station at Pye Corner on the former GWR line. Bassaleg Schoolis one of the most notable local educational institutions [http://www.geograph.org.uk/photo/348042] .
Bassaleg's earliest known inhabitant was probably Saint
Gwladys, a hermitand wife of St Gwynllywor Woolos, who founded her own hermitage at Pencarnu, supposedly the site is at Pont Ebbw [ [http://www.geograph.org.uk/photo/618007 Photo] ] [Lifris, 'Vita sancti Cadoci', Vitae sanctorum Britanniae et genealogiae, ed. and trans. A. M. Wade-Evans (1944), 24–141 ] While there she bathed in the Ebbw Riverand the Lady's Well at Tredegarmay have been dedicated to her. It has been suggested that site of St. Basil's church [ [http://www.geograph.org.uk/photo/69762 Photo] ] in Bassaleg was originally dedicated to her.
According to historians, Bassaleg is the only British place whose name derives from the word "
basilica", a term used in early Christianityfor a church containing the body of a saint. Until the mid-19th century, a grave chapel for St. Gwladys survived close to the [http://www.bassalegbenefice.org/ church] .Miranda Aldhouse-Green and Ray Howell (eds.), "Gwent In Prehistory and Early History: The Gwent County History Vol.1", 2004, ISBN 0-7083-1826-6]
The most important local influences was the local estate of the Morgans, Lords Tredegar, at
Tredegar Housemany of whom are buried in the churchyard.
Newport Risingof 1839 the Chartistmarchers passed through this area heading into Newport.
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