Aldo Rossi


Aldo Rossi

Aldo Rossi (May 3, 1931- September 4, 1997) was an Italian architect and designer who accomplished the unusual feat of achieving international recognition in three distinct areas: theory, drawing, and architecture.

Rossi was born in Milan, Italy. He graduated in architecture in 1959 from the Politecnico di Milano.

His earliest works of the 1960s were mostly theoretical and displayed a simultaneous influence of 1920s Italian modernism (see Giuseppe Terragni), classicist influences of 19th century architect Adolf Loos, and the reflections of the painter Giorgio De Chirico.

In his writings Rossi criticized the lack of understanding of the city in current architectural practice. He argued that a city must be studied and valued as something constructed over time; of particular interest are urban artifacts that withstand the passage of time. Rossi held that the city remembers its past (our "collective memory"), and that we use that memory through monuments; that is, monuments give structure to the city.

He became extremely influential in the late 1970s and 1980s as his body of built work expanded and for his theories promoted in his books "The Architecture of the City" ("L'architettura della città", 1966) and "A Scientific Autobiography" ("Autobiografia scientifica", 1981).

Aldo Rossi died in a car accident in September 1997 in Milan.

Neo-Rationalist movement

Rossi is considered the founder of the Neo-Rationalist movement known as "La Tendenza" (see Rationalism). His influence in shaping European architectural thinking during this period is often compared to that of Robert Venturi in the USA; however, Rossi was clearly progressing "Modernist" views that were based on European urbanism whereas Venturi was a "Post-Modernist".

Main works

Architecture

* Gallaratese Quarter II in Milan, Italy (1974) with Carlo Aymonino [http://carbon.cudenver.edu/%7Earc67015/aal-fara/Synopsis.html]
* Quartier Schützenstrasse in Berlin, Germany (1994-98) Photos [http://www.arcspace.com/architects/Rossi]
* San Cataldo Cemetery, Modena, Italy [http://www.significantcemeteries.net/significant/modena/Intro.html]
* Teatro Carlo Felice in Genoa, Italy.
* Palazzo Hotel in Fukuoka, Japan (1986).
* "Centro direzionale", Perugia, Italy
* Ca' di Cozzi in Verona, Italy, his last project [http://www.designboom.com/eng/exhibition/rossi1.html]

Such products have been designed for Alessi, Pirelli, and others.

Exhibits

For the Venice Biennale in 1979 he designed a floating "Teatro del Mondo" [http://www.archidose.org/Feb99/020899.htm] that seated 250 that was towed out to sea.

Awards

He won the prestigious Pritzker Prize for architecture in 1990. Ada Louise Huxtable, architectural critic and Pritzker juror, has described Rossi as "a poet who happens to be an architect."

External links

* [http://www.pritzkerprize.com/rossi.htm Pritzker Prize] web page on Rossi.
* [http://www.bonnefanten.nl/engels/collectie/gebouw_inhoud/aldorossi.htm Bonnefanten Biography]


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Aldo Rossi — (* 3. Mai 1931 in Mailand; † 4. September 1997 ebenda) war einer der richtungsweisenden Architekten und Designer des 20. Jahrhunderts. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Biografie 1.1 Erste Schritte 1 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Aldo Rossi — Información personal Nacimiento 3 de mayo de 1931 Milán, Italia …   Wikipedia Español

  • Aldo Rossi — (3 de mayo de 1932 4 de septiembre de 1997), arquitecto italiano, nacido en Milán. Su padre tenía una fábrica de bicicletas, cuya marca era Rossi . Fue a dos colegios diferentes durante la Segunda Guerra Mundial y a continuación estudió… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Aldo Rossi — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Rossi. Aldo Rossi Présentation Naissance 3 mai 1931 Milan (Italie) Décès …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Aldo Loris Rossi — (* 1933 in Neapel, Italien; lebt ebenda) ist ein italienischer Architekt, avantgardistischer Architekturtheoretiker und Hochschullehrer. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben und Werk 2 Bauwerke und Projekte 3 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Rossi — ist ein Familienname. Herkunft und Bedeutung Rossi ist ein ursprünglich italienischer Familienname. In Italien zählt er heute zu den am weitesten verbreiteten Familiennamen. Vermutlich leitet sich Rossi von der Pluralform des Adjektivs Rosso (dt …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Rossi — is an Italian surname, said to be the most common surname in Italy. Due to Italian emigration, it is also very common in other countries, including the United States, Brazil, Argentina, Uruguay and Chile. Rossi is the plural of Rosso (meaning red …   Wikipedia

  • Rossi — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Rossi es un apellido italiano, de hecho, el más frecuente. La palabra rossi es el plural de Rosso, que significa rojo. Debido a la emigración, el apellido Rossi es muy frecuente en varios países. Contenido 1… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Rossi, Aldo — ▪ 1998       Italian architect (b. May 3, 1931, Milan, Italy d. Sept. 4, 1997, Milan), created simple yet powerful works by using such geometric shapes as cones, cylinders, and squares and by making skillful use of light and shadow. Rossi was… …   Universalium

  • ROSSI, Aldo — (1931 )    Although most Post Modern architecture is generally seen as overtly historical, sometimes Mannerist, and even playful or humorous, Aldo Rossi cultivated a more formal Post Modern style that is reductive, rational, and formal. By… …   Historical Dictionary of Architecture