Area to Area Lee Model


Area to Area Lee Model

Lee Model for Area-to-Area Mode is a Radio propagation model that operates around 900 MHz. Built as two different modes, this model includes an adjustment factor that can be adjusted to make the model more flexible to different regions of propagation.

Applicable to/under conditions

This model is suitable for using in data collected in a specific area. The model predicts the behaviour of all links that has ends in specific areas.

Coverage

Frequency: 900 MHz Band

Mathematical formulation

The model

The Lee Model is formally expressed as:

L ; = ; L_0 ; + ; gamma log d ; - 10 log {F_A}

where,:"L" = The median path loss. Unit: decibel (dB):"L"0 = The reference path loss along 1 km. Unit: decibel] (dB):gamma; = The slope of the path loss curve. Unit: decibels per decade:"d" = The distance on which the path loss is to be calculated. :"F"A = Adjustment factor.

Calculation of reference path loss

The reference path loss is usually computed along a 1 km or 1 mile link. Any other suitable length of path can be chosen based on the applications.

L_0 ; = ; G_B ; + ; G_M ; + ; 20 ; (log lambda ; - ; log d) ; - ; 22

where,:"G"B = Base station antenna gain. Unit: decibel with respect to isotropic antenna (dBi):lambda = Wavelength. Unit: meter (m).:"G"M = Mobile station antenna gain. Unit: Decibel with respect to isotropic antenna (dBi).

Calculation of adjustment factors

The adjustment factor is calculated as:

F_A ; = ; F_{BH} ; F_{BG} ; F_{MH} ; F_{MG} ; F_{F}

where,:"F"BH = Base station antenna height correction factor.:"F"BG = Base station antenna gain correction factor.:"F"MH = Mobile station antenna height correction factor.:"F"MG = Mobile station antenna gain correction factor.:"F"F = Frequency correction factor

The base station antenna height correction factor

F_{BH} ; = ; left( ; frac{h_B}{30.48} ; ight)^2

where,:"h"B = Base station antenna height. Unit: meter (m).

"or"

F_{BH} ; = ; left( ; frac{h_B}{100} ; ight)^2

where,:"h"B = Base station antenna height. Unit: foot (ft).

The base station antenna gain correction factor

F_{BG} ; = ; frac{G_B}{4}

where,:"GB = Base station antenna gain. Unit: decibel with respect to half wave dipole antenna (dBd)

The mobile station antenna height correction factor:

F_{MH};=;egin{cases};;frac{h_M} {3} ;;;;mbox{ if, } h_M > 3 \ Big( frac {h_M}{3} Big)^2 mbox{ if, }h_M le 3 end{cases}

where,:"hM = Mobile station antenna height. Unit: meter(m).

The mobile antenna gain correction factor

F_{MG} ; = ; G_M

where,:"GM = Mobile station antenna gain. Unit: Decibel with respect to half wave dipole antenna (dBd).

The frequency correction factor

F_F;=;ig( frac{f}{900} ig)^{-n} mbox{ for } 2 < n < 3

where,:"f" = Frequency. Unit: megahertz (MHz)

ee also

* Hata Model for Urban Areas
* Hata Model for Suburban Areas
* Hata Model for Open Areas
* Okumura Model for Urban Areas
* COST 231 Model
* Young Model
* Point to Point Lee Model


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