- Software licensing audit
Software Asset Management is an organization process, which is outlined in ISO/IEC 19770-1. It is also now embraced within # ISO 27001:2005 Information Technology - Security Techniques - Information Security Management Systems - Requirements [cite web|url=http://www.iso.org/iso/en/CatalogueDetailPage.CatalogueDetail?CSNUMBER=42103&ICS1=35&ICS2=40&ICS3=|title=ISO/IEC 27001:2005|year=2005|accessdate=2008-03-23] and ISO/IEC 17799:2005 Information Technology - Security Techniques - Code of Practice for Information Security Management. [cite web|url=http://www.iso.org/iso/en/prods-services/popstds/informationsecurity.html|title=ISO/IEC 17799:2005|year=2005|accessdate=2008-03-23]
Software Asset Management is a comprehensive strategy that has to be addressed from top to bottom in an organization to be effective, to minimize risk.A software compliance audit is an important sub-set of Software Asset Management and is covered in the above referenced standards. At its simplest it involves the following:
# Identification of Software Assets.
# Verifying the Software Assets including licenses, usage, and rights.
# Identifying gaps that may exist between what exists on the installations, and the licenses possessed, and the rights of usage.
# Taking action to close any gaps.
# Recording the results in a centralized location with Proof Of Purchase records. The audit process itself should be a continuing action, and modern SAM software identifies what is installed, where it is installed, its usage, and provides a reconciliation of this discovery against usage. This is a very useful means of controlling software installations and lowering the costs of licensing. Large organisations could not do this without discovery and inventory applications.
From time to time internal or external audits may take a forensic approach to establish what is installed on the computers in an organisation with the purpose of ensuring that it is all legal and authorised and to ensure that its process of processing transactions or events is correct.
Software audits should not be confused with
code audits, which are carried out on the source codeof a software project.
Vendors subscribe to organizations such as the Federation against Software Theft (FAST) and the Business Software Alliance (BSA) as a means of providing an industry approach to control piracy, counterfeiting, and illegal use of software. They publicise campaigns against illegal use of software and reward any employees who notify them of any breaches which result in successful prosecution and/or recovery of license fees.
* [http://www.iso.org ISO Standard for SAM]
* [http://www.bsa.org Business Software Alliance]
* [http://www.siia.net Software and Industry Information Association]
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