Congress of Soviets


Congress of Soviets

The Congress of Soviets was the supreme governing body of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic and several other Soviet republics from 1917–36 and again from 1989-91. After the creation of the Soviet Union, the Congress of Soviets of the Soviet Union functioned as its legislative branch until its dossiloution in 1936. Its initial full name was the "Congress of Soviets of Workers', Soldiers' and Peasants' Deputies. It was also sometimes known as the "Congress of People's Deputies."

Contents

Russia and the Soviet Union

The Congress of Soviets was an assembly of representatives of local councils. In theory, it was the supreme power of the Soviet State, an organ of the dictatorship of the proletariat. No bourgeois, no noble, no aristocrat, no priest could vote – only working people. Officially, the Congress of Soviets created laws and elected the Council of People's Commissars, which was the government. In the interim its functions were performed by designated executive bodies, see VTsIK. In practice the Congress became increasingly deferential to the Bolsheviks after the Russian Revolution.[1]

By the time of Lenin's death in 1924 the Congress of Soviets effectively only rubber-stamped the decisions of the Communist Party and served as a propaganda tribune.[2] The 1936 Constitution eliminated the Congress of Soviets, making the Supreme Soviet of the USSR the legislative institution. During this time the Central Committee of the AUCP(b) held de facto control over the government.

Ukraine

The Bolsheviks convened an All-Ukrainian Congress of Soviets of Workers', Soldiers' and Peasants' Deputies in Kiev, on December 17, 1917, and in Kharkiv on December 25, 1917 (see Ukraine after the Russian Revolution).

See also

References

  1. ^ Schapiro, L. The Origin of the Communist Autocracy: Political Opposition in the Soviet State, First Phase, 1917-1922. 1st ed. New York: Frederick A. Praeger Publishers, 1965. p. 66.
  2. ^ Schapiro, pp. 162-163.

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Congress of Soviets of the Soviet Union — Съезд Советов Союза Советских Социалистических Республик Type …   Wikipedia

  • Congress of Soviets of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic — The Congress of Soviets of the Russian SFSR (Russian: Съезд Советов РСФСР), also known as Congress of People s Deputies of the Russian SFSR and later Congress of People s Deputies of the Russian Federation was the supreme governing body in… …   Wikipedia

  • All-Russian Congress of Soviets — Всероссийский Съезд Советов Type …   Wikipedia

  • Union Congress of Soviets — Union Congress of Soviets, an earlier name of the former Supreme Soviet …   Useful english dictionary

  • Congress of People's Deputies of the Soviet Union — Съезд народных депутатов СССР Type …   Wikipedia

  • Congress of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union — A badge, depicting Vladimir Lenin, issued to the delegates of the 27th Congress The Congress of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (Russian: съезд КПСС) was the gathering of the delegates of the Communist Party and its predecessors.… …   Wikipedia

  • Palace of Soviets — The Palace of Soviets ( ru. Дворец Советов, Dvorets Sovetov ) was a project to construct an administrative center and a congress hall in Moscow, Russia, near the Kremlin, on the site of the demolished Cathedral of Christ the Saviour. The… …   Wikipedia

  • 7th Congress of the Russian Communist Party (b) — The 7th (extraordinary) Congress of the RSDLP(b) (Russian Social Democratic Labor Party) is also known as the Extraordinary 7th Congress of the RCP(b) (Russian Communist Party (Bolsheviks)) was held during 6 8 March 1918. During this congress the …   Wikipedia

  • Palais des Soviets — 55°44′41″N 37°36′21″E / 55.74472, 37.60583 Le Palais des Soviets (russe  …   Wikipédia en Français

  • History of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union — Communist Party of the Soviet Union History Organisation …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.