A bookmark is a thin marker, commonly made of
paperor card, used to keep one's place in a bookand so be able to return to it with ease. Other frequently used materials for bookmarks are leather, metals like silver and brass, silk, wood and fabrics. Many bookmarks can be clipped on a page with the aid of a page-flap.
History of bookmarks
Bookmarks were used throughout the medieval period, [For a 9th century Carolingian bookmark see: Cite book
publisher = Ashgate
isbn = 0859679047
pages = p. 123
last = Szirmai
first = J. A.
title = The archaeology of medieval bookbinding
location = Aldershot
date = 1999 For a 15th century bookmark see Medeltidshandskrift 34, Lund University Library.] consisting usually of a small parchment strip attached to the edge of folio (or a piece of cord attached to headband).
As the first printed books were quite rare and valuable, it was determined early on that something was needed to mark one's place in a book without causing its pages any harm. Some of the earliest bookmarks were used at the end of the sixteenth century, and
Queen Elizabeth Iwas one of the first to own one.
Modern bookmarks are available in a huge variety of materials with a multitude of designs and styles from which to choose. Many are made of cardboard or heavy paper, but they are also constructed of leather, ribbon, fabric, felt, steel, wire, tin, beads, wood, plastic, vinyl, silver, gold and other precious metals, some decorated with gemstones.
The first detached, and therefore collectible, bookmarkers began to appear in the 1850s. One of the first references to these is found in Mary Russell Mitford's "Recollections of a Literary Life" (1852): "I had no marker and the richly bound volume closed as if instinctively." Note the abbreviation of 'bookmarker' to 'marker'. The modern abbreviation is usually 'bookmark'. Historical bookmarks can be very valuable, and are sometimes collected along with other paper
By the 1860s attractive machine-woven markers were being manufactured, mainly in
Coventry, UK, the centre of the silk-ribbon industry. One of the earliest was produced by J.&J. Cash to mark the death of the Prince Consort in 1861. Thomas Stevens of Coventry soon became pre-eminent in the field and claimed to have nine hundred different designs.
Bookmarks produced by Thomas Stevens are called Stevengraphs. Stevengraphs first appeared around 1862. Woven silk bookmarks were very appreciated gifts in Victorian days and Stevens seemed to make one for every occasion and celebration. One Stevengraph read: "All of the gifts which heaven bestows, there is one above all measure, and that's a friend midst all our woes, a friend is a found treasure to thee I give that sacred name, for thou art such to me, and ever proudly will I claim to be a friend to thee."
Most nineteenth-century bookmarks were intended for use in bibles and prayer books and were made of ribbon,woven silk or leather. By the 1880s the production of woven silk markers was declining and printed markers made of stiff paper or cardboard began to appear in significant numbers. This development paralleled the wider availability of books themselves, and the range of available bookmarkers soon expanded dramatically.
* [http://www.miragebookmark.ch/ The World of Bookmarks including bookmark exhibition, history, essays, quotes and links presented by Mirage Bookmark ]
* [http://www.inmybook.com/index.php?main_page=page&id=64&chapter=0&zenid=250ff3d3f6ca153dfc45835cb19578db/a A short history of bookmarks]
* [http://www.thebookmarkshop.com/bookmarksforbooklovers.htm Why people collect bookmarks]
* [http://www.clovergift.net/ Woven Rug Design bookmark]
* [http://www.silverbookmarks.com/ Antique Silver Bookmark collection]
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bookmark — book‧mark [ˈbʊkmɑːk ǁ mɑːrk] noun [countable] COMPUTING a way of saving something such as the address of a website or the place in a computer file, so that you can return to it more easily: • The bookmark function allows users to resume from the… … Financial and business terms
Bookmark — Book mark , n. Something placed in a book to guide in finding a particular page or passage; also, a label in a book to designate the owner; a bookplate. [1913 Webster] … The Collaborative International Dictionary of English
bookmark — (n.) also book mark, 1840, from BOOK (Cf. book) (n.) + MARK (Cf. mark) (n.1). Bookmarker is older (1838). As a verb, by 1900. Related: Bookmarked; bookmarking … Etymology dictionary
bookmark — /ˈbukmark, ingl. ˈbukˌmɑːk/ (ingl.). [lett. «segnalibro»] s. m. inv. (elab.; di sito web) preferito … Sinonimi e Contrari. Terza edizione
bookmark — (izg. bȕkmark) m DEFINICIJA int. obilježeno mjesto, kratica preko koje se može izravno pristupiti nekoj Internet adresi; oznaka ETIMOLOGIJA engl … Hrvatski jezični portal
bookmark — ► NOUN 1) a strip of leather or card used to mark a place in a book. 2) Computing a record of the address of a file, Internet page, etc. enabling quick access by a user … English terms dictionary
bookmark — [book′märk΄] n. anything slipped between the pages of a book to mark a place … English World dictionary
Bookmark — Lesezeichen; Lesemarke * * * Book|mark 〈[bụkma:(r)k] f. 10 oder n. 15; EDV〉 Speicherung einer häufig benutzten Internetadresse in einem persönlichen Ordner, die es erlaubt, eine gewünschte Webseite schnell wieder aufzurufen [engl., „Lesezeichen“] … Universal-Lexikon
bookmark — I UK [ˈbʊkˌmɑː(r)k] / US [ˈbʊkˌmɑrk] noun [countable] Word forms bookmark : singular bookmark plural bookmarks 1) something you put inside a book so that you can find the page you want 2) computing an electronic way of marking an Internet website … English dictionary
Bookmark — Marque page (informatique) Pour les articles homonymes, voir Marque page. En informatique, le terme marque page (en anglais bookmark) est employé de façon similaire aux marque pages utilisés avec les livres pour retrouver la page à laquelle la… … Wikipédia en Français