- Sion, Switzerland
Infobox Swiss town
subject_name = Sion
municipality_name = Sion
municipality_type = city
imagepath_coa = sittenwappen.png|pixel_coa=
languages = French
canton = Valais
iso-code-region = CH-VS
district = Sion
postal_code = 1950
municipality_code = 6266
area = 25.6
elevation = 500|elevation_description=
population = 27697|populationof = December 2002 | popofyear = 2002
website = www.sion.ch
mayor = François Mudry|mayor_asof=|mayor_party=PDC
mayor_title = |list_of_mayors =
Ayent, Conthey, Grimisuat, Grône, Les Agettes, Nax, Nendaz, Saint-Léonard, Salins, Savièse, Vernamiège, Vex
twintowns = Colón (Argentina), Philippi (United States)|
Landmarks include the
Basilique de Valèreand Château de Tourbillon. FC Sionis the local football side. They currently compete in the Swiss Super League.
Sion was occupied during the
Neolithicera but it seems to have started to really develop during the Celtic times.
It takes its name from the Latin word "Sedunum", itself derived from the celtic tribe that lived there, the
Seduni. It was occupied by the Romans with the rest of the surrounding area in the first century BCE. The town-hall is said to contain several Roman inscriptions, one of which found at Sion memorializes the Roman presence: "Civitas Sedunorum Patrono".
The Roman Catholic diocese of Sion is the oldest in Switzerland and one of the oldest north of the Alps.
Sion lost to
Turin, Italyin its bid to host the 2006 Winter Olympics. Sion also bid for the 2002 Winter Olympics, which it lost to Salt Lake City, and the 1976 Winter Olympics, which it lost to Denver(the games were re-assigned to Innsbruckwhen Denver residents voted down additional funding).
The municipal council is the executive power in the commune. Its 15 members, non-permanent except the President, are elected every 4 years by the people.
The commune of Sion comprises also of a counsel of public rights of the medieval commune, the "Burgeoisie". Who protect the rights of the original inhabitants against new inhabitants. The counsel is made up of 7 people : a president, a vice-president and five counsellors.
tertiary sectoris the main economic sector in Sion, mainly due to the presence of the cantons administration, the Valaisan parliament and the cantons courthouse. Tourism is also an important sector due to its historic "château's" and museums.
secondary sectoris also represented.
primary sector, although marginalised, is ever present. Sion is the third largest wine making region in Switzerland, however, the valuable agricultural land and vineyards are undergoing constant regression due to the process of urbanisation.
Sion has also become an important medical site. The Sion-Region hospital is situated here next to the
central institute of Valaisan hospitalsand the "Romande" clinic for physical rehabilitation ( SUVA).
Finally the commune hosts a waste incinerator which disposes of the waste from 44 surrounding communes. This incinerator is equipped with a
catalytic converterwhich lowers the levels of NOxemissions below acceptable levels. In addition, the heat created from the combustion is converted into electrical energy which is then provided to local communes.
Public Airshows have been held at the airfield of Sion. Participated Aerobatic teams have been for example the
Frecce Tricolorifrom Italywas well as the Patrouille de France.
Sion is host to a number of newspapers, television and radio stations. Such as :
* Le Nouvelliste, a daily Valaisan paper printed in Sion;
* Canal 9, regional Valaisan television;
Rhône FM, private Valaisan radio;
TSR, the re-emission of public Swiss television.
Sion has two high schools (colleges)
* the "Lycée-Collège des Creusets" (LCC);
* the "Lycée-Collège de la Planta" (LCP).
Sion is also host to the :
Cantonal agricultural school, situated between Châteauneufand Sion;
* A circus school;
* A jazz school;
HES-SO Valais, a technical college;
* HEM Valais (Conservatoire Supérieur et Académie de Musique
HES-SO Valaisoffers education in Sciences, Engineering, Economics, Information Technology and Health Sciences.
Sion is situated on the main railway line, the motorway and also has an airport (
* [http://www.sion.ch Official website] de icon fr icon
* [http://switzerland.isyours.com/e/guide/valais/sion.html Tourism guide]
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