Abraham Fraenkel

Abraham Fraenkel

Abraham Halevi (Adolf) Fraenkel ( _he. אברהם הלוי (אדולף) פרנקל; February 17 1891 Munich, GermanyOctober 15 1965 Jerusalem, Israel), known as Abraham Fraenkel, was an Israeli mathematician born in Germany.


Fraenkel studied mathematics at the University of Munich, University of Berlin, University of Marburg and University of Breslau; after graduating, he lectured at the University of Marburg from 1916, and was promoted to professor in 1922.

After leaving Marburg in 1928, Fraenkel taught at the University of Kiel for a year. He then made the fateful choice of accepting a position at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, which had been founded four years earlier, where he spent the rest of his career. He became the first Dean of the Faculty of Mathematics, and for a while served as Rector of the University.

Fraenkel was a fervent Zionist and as such was a member of Vaad Leumi, the executive committee of the Palestinian Jewish National Assembly under the British mandate. He also belonged to the Merkaz Ruhani religious wing of Zionism, which promoted Jewish religious education and schools, and which advocated giving the Chief Rabbinate authority over marriage and divorce.


Fraenkel's first work was on Hensel's p-adic numbers and on the theory of rings. He is best known for his work on axiomatic set theory, publishing his first major work on the topic ("Einleitung in die Mengenlehre") in 1919. In 1922 and 1925, he published two papers that sought to improve Zermelo's axiomatic system; the result is the Zermelo-Fraenkel axioms. Fraenkel is the father of Israeli excellence in set theory and foundational mathematics.

Fraenkel also was interested in the history of mathematics, writing in 1920 and 1930 about Gauss' works in algebra, and he published a biography of Georg Cantor. After retiring from the Hebrew University and being succeeded by his former student Abraham Robinson, Fraenkel continued teaching at the Bar Ilan University in Ramat Gan (near Tel Aviv).


*1922. "The notion of 'definite' and the independence of the axiom of choice" in Jean van Heijenoort, 1967. "From Frege to Godel: A Source Book in Mathematical Logic, 1879-1931". Harvard Univ. Press: 284–289.
*1960. "Jewish mathematics and astronomy".
*1961. "Essays on the foundations of mathematics, dedicated to A. A. Fraenkel on his seventieth anniversary". Y. Bar-Hillel, E. I. J. Poznanski, M. O. Rabin and A. Robinson, eds. Jerusalem, the Hebrew University: Magnes Press. Contains biographical essay on Fraenkel.
*1966 (1953). "Abstract Set Theory". North Holland.
*1966. "Set Theory and Logic". Addison-Wesley.
*1967. "Lebenskreise: Aus den Erinnerungen eines jüdischen Mathematikers". Deutsche Verlags-Anstalt.
*1973 (1958). (with Yehoshua Bar-Hillel, Azriel Levy, and Dirk van Dalen) "Foundations of Set Theory". North Holland.

External links

* [http://biografias.losforos.us/index.php/topic,268.0.html Adolf Abraham Fraenkel]

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Abraham Fraenkel — Abraham Adolf Fraenkel Pour les articles homonymes, voir Fraenkel. Abraham Adolf Halevi Fraenkel (17 février 1891 à Munich, Allemagne 15 octobre 1965 à Jérusalem, Israël), plus connu sous le nom de Abraham Adolf Fraenkel, ou plus simplement… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Abraham Robinson — (* 6. Oktober 1918 in Waldenburg, Schlesien; † 11. April 1974 in New Haven, Connecticut, eigentl. Abraham Robinsohn) war ein US amerikanischer Mathematiker deutscher Herkunft und Begründer der Nichtsta …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Abraham Adolf Fraenkel — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Fraenkel. Abraham A. Fraenkel Frænkel dans les années 1940 Naissance …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Fraenkel — bzw. Fraenckel ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Adolf Abraham Halevi Fraenkel (1891–1965), deutsch israelischer Mathematiker Albert Fraenkel (1848–1916), Arzt aus Frankfurt (Oder), bekannt geworden als Lungenforscher Albert Fraenkel… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • FRAENKEL — (also Frankel, Fraenckel, Frankl, etc.), family widely scattered throughout Central and Eastern Europe. The name first appears in non Jewish records as a designation for those who had immigrated to Vienna from Frankenland, in the West. The family …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • FRAENKEL, ABRAHAM ADOLF — (1891–1965), Israeli mathematician. Born in Munich, Fraenkel received a thorough education in talmudic and Jewish studies in addition to mathematics. He held chairs of mathematics at Marburg (from 1922) and Kiel (1928). From 1929 to 1931 he was… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Fraenkel — Fraenkel,   1) Adolf Abraham, israelischer Mathematiker deutscher Herkunft, * München 17. 2. 1891, ✝ Jerusalem 15. 10. 1965; Professor in Marburg (1922 27) und Kiel, 1929 59 an der Hebrew University in Jerusalem. Fraenkel lieferte grundlegende… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Abraham M. Eckstein — Abraham M. Eckstein, eigentlich Abraham Mannes, (* unbekannt; † unbekannt) war ein deutsch jüdischer Tabakmanufakturist. Seit 1828 führte er den Familiennamen Eckstein. Er stammte aus dem Hochstift Paderborn und siedelte sich in Lauenförde an, wo …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Abraham Adolf Fraenkel — Adolf (Abraham Halevi) Fraenkel (hebräisch ‏אברהם הלוי פרנקל‎; * 17. Februar 1891 in München; † 15. Oktober 1965 in Jerusalem) war ein deutsch israelischer Mathematiker. Er war das erste von fünf Kindern des jüdischen Wollhändlers Sigmund… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Fraenkel — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom.  Pour les articles homophones, voir Frankel, Fränkel et Frankl. Fraenkel est un nom de famille notamment porté par : Abraham Adolf Fraenkel… …   Wikipédia en Français