1971 in poetry

1971 in poetry

in?=in poetry
in2?=in literature
cp=19th century
c=20th century
cf=21st century



* "This" Magazine founded by Robert Grenier and Barrett Watten
* "The Canterbury Tales", a film directed by Pier Paulo Pasolini, providing a soft-pornographic, controversial version of four tales by Geoffrey Chaucer
* March — Cuban poet Herberto Padilla is arrested in Havana and released only after signing a confession stating he is a "vicious character" who took part in counterrevolutionary activities. A letter to Fidel Castro published May 20 in Paris from 60 leftist intellectuals, all supporters of the Cuban revolution, protested Padilla's treatment and accused Castro of imposing Stalinism on Cuba. Among the 60: Jean-Paul Sartre, Simone de Beauvoir, Susan Sontag, Alberto Moravia, Carlos Fuentes, and Mario Vargas Llosa (who said he continued to support the Cuban revolution). Julio Cortázar of Argentina said he stood by Castro in a verse manifesto, "Policrítica en la hora de los chacales".
* April 8 — release of "Right On!", a film directed by Herbert Danska, of poetry recitations with bongo accompaniments on New York city streets

Works published in English


* Margaret Atwood, "Power Politics"
* Bill Bissett, "Nobody Owns the Earth"
* George Bowering, "Touch: Selected Poems 1960-1970"
* Louis Dudek, "Collected Poetry"
* Northrop Frye, "The Bush Garden" (scholarship) [Preminger, Alex and T.V.F. Brogan, et al., editors, "The Princeton Encyclopedia of Poetry and Poetics", 1993, Princeton University Press and MJF Books, "Canadian Poetry" article, English "Anthologies" section, p 164]
* Bill Howell, "The Red Fox"
* Irving Layton, "The Collected Poems of Irving Layton"
* Richard Lewis, editor, "I Breathe a New Song" anthology of poems by Eskimos
* Alden Nowlan, "Between Tears and Laughter"
* Michael Ondaatje, editor, "The Broken Ark", animal verse; Ottawa: Oberon; revised as "A Book of Beasts", 1979 (anthology)Web page titled [http://www.poetryfoundation.org/archive/poet.html?id=5142 "Archive: Michael Ondaatje (1943- )"] at the Poetry Foundation website, accessed May 7, 2008] ISBN 0887500501
* Andreas Schroeder, "File of Uncertainties", a chapbook (Sono Nis Press)
* Raymond Souster, "The Years"
* Phyllis Webb, "Selected Poems 1954-65"
* Dale Zieroth and four other poets, "Mindscapes"

New Zealand

* Fleur Adcock, "High Tide in the Garden", London: Oxford University Press (New Zealand poet who moved to England in 1963) [http://www.library.auckland.ac.nz/subjects/nzp/nzlit2/adcock.htm Web page titled "Fleur Adcock: New Zealand Literature File"] at the University of Auckland Library website, accessed April 26, 2008]
* James K. Baxter, "Jerusalem Daybook"
* Ian Wedde, "Homage to Matisse" New Zealand

=United Kingdom=

* Fleur Adcock, "High Tide in the Garden"
* George Barker, "Poems of Places and People"
* Frances Bellerby, a book of selected poems
* George Mackay Brown
** "Fishermen and Ploughs"
** "Poems New and Selected"
* Tony Connor, "In the Happy Valley"
* John Cotton, "Old Movies"
* Michael Ffinch, "Voices Round a Star"
* Veronica Forrest-Thompson, "Language-Games"
* Elaine Feinstein, "The Magic Apple Tree", Hutchinson
* Thom Gunn, "Moly", with some poems written under the influence of LSD; others described the experience of taking it
* Geoffrey Hill, "Mercian Hymns"
* Sylvia Plath, "Crossing the Water", published this year but containing poems written in 1960 and 1961
* Jeremy Robson, editor, "The Young British Poets" anthology
* Vernon Scannell, a book of selected poems
* Jon Silkin, "Amana Grass"
* Donald Ward, "The Dead Snake"
* Patricia Whittaker, "The Flying Men"

United States

* Dick Allen, " Anon and Various Time Machine Poems"
* Maya Angelou, "Just Give Me a Cool Glass of Water 'Fore I Die"
* Gwendolyn Brooks:
** "Black Steel: Joe Frazier and Muhammad Ali"
** "The World of Gwendolyn Brooks"
** "Aloneness"
* Ted Berrigan and Anne Waldman, "Memorial Day"
* Ted Berrigan, "Train Ride"
* Paul Blackburn, "The Journals: Blue Mounds Entries"
* John Ciardi, "Lives of X"
* Cid Corman, "Sun Rock Man" (New Directions)
* Ed Dorn:
** "Spectrum Breakdown: A Microbook", Athanor BooksWeb page titled [http://www.poetryfoundation.org/archive/poet.html?id=1837"Archive / Edward Dorn (1929-1999)"] at the Poetry Foundation website, retrieved May 8, 2008]
** "By the Sound, Frontier Press"; republished with a new preface by the author, Black Sparrow Press, 1991
** "A Poem Called Alexander Hamilton", Tansy/Peg Leg Press
* Lawrence Ferlinghetti, "Back Roads to Far Places" (New Directions)
* Robert Fitzgerald, "Spring Shade", collected poems and translations, 1931-1970 (New Directions)
* Donald S. Fryer, "Songs and Sonnets Atlantean"
* Michael S. Harper, "History Is Your Own Heartbeat", won the Black Academy of Arts & Letters Award for poetry [http://www.poets.org/poet.php/prmPID/277 Web page titled "Michael S. Harper"] at the Academy of American poets website, accessed April 23, 2008]
* John Hollander, "The Night Mirror"
* Hugh Kenner, "The Pound Era" (University of California Press), Canadian writing and published in the United States; criticism
* Galway Kinnell, "The Book of Nightmares"
* Stanley Kunitz, "The Testing Tree"
* James McMichael, "Against the Falling Evil"
* Carl Rakosi, "Ere-Voice"
* Adrienne Rich, "The Will to Change"
* Richard Shelton, "The Tattooed Desert"
* Charles Simic, "Dismantling the Silence"
* Clark Ashton Smith, "Selected Poems"
* Richard Wilbur, translator, "The School for Wives" by Molière (in verse)
* James Wright, "Collected Poems", including 30 new poems

Other in English

* Jayanta Mahapatra, Indian:
** "Svayamvara and Other Poems" [http://www.orissagateway.com/features/Arts_and_Architecture/Art/Literature/Poets/Jayanta_Mohapatra/] Jayata Mahapatra Web page at the Orissa Gateway Web site, accessed October 16, 2007]
** "Close the Sky Ten by Ten"
* Bob Orr, "Blue Footpaths" [ [http://www.victoria.ac.nz/modernletters/bnzp/2001/orrnote.html Web page titled "Bob Orr"] at Best of New Zealand Poems 2001 website, accessed April 23, 2008]
* Chris Wallace-Crabbe (Australia):
** Editor: "Australian Poetry 1971", Sydney: Angus & Robertson (anthology)
** "Where the Wind Came", Sydney: Angus and Robertson

Works published in other languages


* Jørgen Leth, "Eventyret om den sædvanlige udsigt"
* Klaus Rifbjerg, "Mytologi"

French language


* Paul-Marie Lapointe, "Le Réel absolu" (Editions de l'Hexagone)
* Olivier Marchand, "Par Détresse et tendresse" (Editions de l'Hexagone)
* Rina Lasnier, "La Salle des rêves"
* Jacques Brault, "La Poésie ce matin" (published in Paris)
* Gilbert Langevin:
** "Ouvrir le feu"
** "Stress"
* Raoul Duguay, "L'Apokalypso"
* Claude Péloquin, "Pour la Grandeur de l'Homme"


* L. Bérimont, "L'Évidence même"
* René Char, "L'Honneur devant Dieu"
* P. Damarix, "L'Expérience magique"
* M. Bataille, "Le Cri dans le mur"
* Jean Follain, "Éspaces d'instants", the poet was killed in an accident days after publication


* J. L. Bédouin, editor, "La Poésie Surréaliste"
* Pierre Seghers, editor, "La Poésie symboliste"


* Leah Goldberg, " _he. Shearit ha-Chaim" (posthumous)
* I. Efros, " _he. Shirim", collected poems
* D. Avidan, " _he. Shirim Hitzoniim"
* Y. Amichai, " _he. Al Menat Lo Lizkor"
* N. Yonatan, " _he. Shirim ba-Arov ha-Yam"
* D. Pagis, " _he. Gilgul"
* R. Adi, " _he. Mishaa le-Shaa"
* A. Eldon, " _he. Levado ba-Zerem ha-Koved"
* R. Shani, " _he. Shalom la-Adoni ha-Melech"
* M. Meir, " _he. ha-Aretz Hahi Mitahat la-Mayim"
* M. Oren, " _he. Adam Muad"
* M. Megged, editor, " _he. Shirim Liriim", anthology of modern Hebrew poetry
* E. Silberschlag, " _he. Igrotai le-Dorot Aherim"
* R. Avinoam, " _he. be-Misholai"
* R. Lee, " _he. El Parvarai ha-Shemesh"


* Libero De Libero, "Di brace in brace" ["Britannica Book of the Year 1974" (for events of 1973), "Literature" article, "Italian" section, page 438, mentioned this book in passing, from an earlier year than the events covered in the volume]


* Hans Borli, "Isfuglen"
* Alfred Hauge, "Det evige sekund"
* Peter R. Holm, "Synslinjer"
* Ernst Orvil, "Dikt i utvalg"
* Sigmund Skard, "Popel ved flypass"

Portuguese language


* Joaquim Cardozo, "De uma noite de festa"
* Murilo Mendes, "Convergência"
* Henriqueta Lisboa, "Nova lírica"
* Manuel Bandeira, "Meus pemas perferidos", a selection from previous books
* Foed Castro Chamma, "O andarilho e a aurora"
* Anderson Braga Horta, "Altiplano"

panish language

=Latin America=

* Herberto Padilla, " _es. Por el momento", published before his arrest in Cuba (see Events above)
* Roberto Fernández Retamar, " _es. A quien pueda interesar" (Cuba)
* José Lezama Lima, " _es. Poesía completa" (Cuba)
* Ernesto Mejía Sánchez, " _es. Estelas/homenajes" (Nicaragua)
* Carlos Solórzano, " _es. Las celdas" (Guatemala)
* Five authors, including Agustín del Rosario, " _es. Poesía joven de Panamá"
* M.L. Mendoza, " _es. Con él, conmigo, con nosotros tres"


* José Angel Valente, " _es. Las palabras de la tribu", essays
* Vicente Aleixandre, " _es. Poesía superrealista"
* José María Valverde, " _es. Enseñanzas de la edad, 1945-70"


* Ylva Eggehorn, "Ska vi dela"
* Bo Setterlind, "Himlen har landat"
* Karl Vennberg, "Sju ord pa tunnelbanan"
* Lars Forssell, "Oktober dikter" ("October Poems")
* Gören Palm, "Varför har nätterna inga namn?"
* Kerstin Thorvall, "Följetong i skärt och svart"


* Brakha Coodley, "Not on Bread Alone"
* Leo Kussman, "Ballads of a Generation"
* Berl Siegal, "Poems for Children"
* Mier Shtiker, "Jewish Landscape", Volume 2
* M.M. Saffir, "Creator of Various Dreams"
* Menakhem Stern, "Songs at Midnight"
* Rochelle Weprinski, "The Only Star"
* Aaron Zeitlin, "Poems of Destruction and Faith"
* Joseph Kerler, "Song Between Teeth"
* Jacob Sternberg, "The Circle of Years"


* Odysseus Elytis, "Ο ήλιος ο ηλιάτορας" ("The Sovereign Sun"), Greece
* F. Pratz, "Deutsche Gedichte von 1900 bis zur Gegenwart", anthology, GermanPreminger, Alex and T.V.F. Brogan, et al., editors, "The Princeton Encyclopedia of Poetry and Poetics", 1993, Princeton University Press and MJF Books, "German Poetry" article, "Anthologies in German" section, pp 473-474]
* Siegbert Prawer, editor, "Seventeen Modern German Poets", anthology published by Oxford University Press (published in the United Kingdom, poems in German)

Awards and honors

* Nobel Prize in Literature: Pablo Neruda, Chilean poet and diplomat


* See 1971 Governor General's Awards for a complete list of winners and finalists for those awards.

=United Kingdom=

* Cholmondeley Award: Charles Causley, Gavin Ewart, Hugo Williams
* Eric Gregory Award: Martin Booth, Florence Bull, John Pook, D. M. Warman, John Welch
* Queen's Gold Medal for Poetry: Stephen Spender

United States

* Consultant in Poetry to the Library of Congress (later the post would be called "Poet Laureate Consultant in Poetry to the Library of Congress"): Josephine Jacobsen appointed this year.
* Bollingen Prize: Richard Wilbur and Mona Van Duyn
* Frost Medal: Melville Cane
* National Book Award for Poetry: Mona Van Duyn, "To See, To Take"
* Pulitzer Prize for Poetry: William S. Merwin, "The Carrier of Ladders"
* Fellowship of the Academy of American Poets: James Wright


* Goodman Fielder Wattie Book Award for Poetry: Rosemary Rolleston, "William & Mary Rolleston"


* Jan Wagner, German poet


* May 9 — Ogden Nash, 68, American poet best known for writing pithy and funny light verse
* March 7 — Stevie Smith, 67, British poet and novelist, of a brain tumor
* March 9 — Jean Follain, French poet
* June 25 — Charles Vildrac, French poet and playwright
* September (exact date not known) — Paul Blackburn, 44, American poet and translator, from esophageal cancer
* July 3 — Jim Morrison, 27 American poet and songwriter
* September 9 — Lenore G. Marshall, 72
* September 20 or September 21 (sources differ) — Giorgos Seferis, Greek poet and winner of a Nobel Prize for Literature
* November 19 — Jacob Glatstein, 75, American Yiddish poet and critic
* December 18 — Aleksandr Tvardovsky, 61, Russian poet, editor of the official Soviet literary journal "Novy Mir" who fought hard to maintain its independence
*Dates not known:
** J. C. Beaglehole (born 1901), New Zealand
** Clifford Dyment, British poet, literary critic and editor, and journalist
** R. A. K. Mason (born 1905), New Zealand
** Alexander Young (poet)


ee also

* Poetry
* List of poetry awards
* List of years in poetry

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