Abbey of Fontenay


Abbey of Fontenay
Cistercian Abbey of Fontenay *
UNESCO World Heritage Site
The church and convent building seen from the gardens.
Country France
Type Cultural
Criteria iv
Reference 165
Region ** Europe and North America
Inscription history
Inscription 1981 (5th Session)
* Name as inscribed on World Heritage List
** Region as classified by UNESCO
Plan of the church.

The Abbey of Fontenay is a former Cistercian abbey located in the commune of Marmagne, near Montbard, in the département of Côte-d'Or in France. It was founded by Saint Bernard of Clairvaux in 1118, and built in the Romanesque style. It is one of the oldest and most complete Cistercian abbeys in Europe, and became a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1981.

Contents

History

Bernard of Claivaux founded the Abbey of Fontenay only a few years after he left Cîteaux Abbey to found Clairvaux Abbey. The abbey church was dedicated by Pope Eugene III in 1147. Located in a small forested valley 60 kilometres northwest of Dijon, it achieved great prosperity in the twelfth and thirteenth centuries. Fontenay enjoyed the protection of the Kings of France but was plundered in the Hundred Year's War and the Wars of Religion. Later, its fortunes declined, and the refectory was demolished by the monks in 1745. The abbey was closed in the French Revolution, and became a paper mill until 1902, owned for most of its period of operation by the Montgolfier family. In 1905 the abbey was bought by Édouard Aynard and restored.

Burials

Architecture

The church of the abbey was built from 1139 to 1147 in the prevalent Romanesque style, and marked by the austerity typical of Cistercian architecture. It has a cruciform plan, with a nave 66 metres long and 8 metres wide, with two aisles, and a transept measuring 19 metres. The cloister measures 36×38 metres. The chapterhouse is vaulted, with heavy ribs. There is a large dormitory which was re-roofed in the fifteenth century with an arched braced roof of chestnut timber.

Apart from the demolished refectory, the abbey retains almost all of its original buildings: church, dormitory, cloister, chapter house, caldarium or "warming room", dovecote and forge, all built in Romanesque style, with later abbot's lodgings and infirmary. Today the abbey buildings are set in modern manicured parterres of lawn and gravel.

View of the dovecote and church
The cloister
The dormitory and common room
The forge
The abbey church
Statue of the Virgin and Christ Child
The cloister
The dormitory
The forge


References

External links

Coordinates: 47°38′27″N 4°23′23″E / 47.64083°N 4.38972°E / 47.64083; 4.38972


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Abbey Church of Saint-Savin-sur-Gartempe — Abbey Church of Saint Savin sur Gartempe * UNESCO World Heritage Site …   Wikipedia

  • Abbey of Clairvaux —     Abbey of Clairvaux     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Abbey of Clairvaux     The third daughter of Cîteaux and mother in the fourth line of numerous and celebrated monasteries, founded in 1115 by St. Bernard, in a deep valley upon the bank of the… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Abadía de Fontenay — Abadía cisterciense de Fontenay Nombre descrito en la Lista del Patrimonio de la Humanidad …   Wikipedia Español

  • Cleeve Abbey — Zisterzienserabtei Cleeve Das Dormitorium in Cleeve Abbey Lage Vereinigtes Konigreich …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Cistercian architecture — Abbey church of Santa Maria Arabona, Italy …   Wikipedia

  • Cistercians — coat of arms Vietnamese Cistercian monks standing in a cloi …   Wikipedia

  • Mont Saint-Michel — For the municipality in Canada, see Mont Saint Michel, Quebec. For the island off the coast of Cornwall, United Kingdom, see St Michael s Mount. Le Mont Saint Michel Le Mont Saint Michel …   Wikipedia

  • List of World Heritage Sites in Europe — This is a list of the UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Europe. Asia Minor, Cyprus, all of the Aegean Islands, the Canaries and Madeira are included although the first two and some of the third are geographically located in Asia whereas the latter… …   Wikipedia

  • Chartres Cathedral — Chartres Cathedral * UNESCO World Heritage Site Country France …   Wikipedia

  • Reims Cathedral — Cathedral of Notre Dame, Former Abbey of Saint Remi and Palace of Tau, Reims * UNESCO World Heritage Site …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.