- Bronze medal
::"For the New York City civilian award go to
Bronze Medallion - New York City Award"A bronzemedal is a medalawarded to the third place finisher of contests (typically athletics competitions) such as the Olympic Games, Commonwealth Games, etc. The practice of awarding bronzethird place medals began at the 1904 Olympic Games in St.Louis Missouri, prior to which only first and second places were awarded.
Minting Olympic medals is the responsibility of the host city. From 1928-1968 the design was always the same: the obverse showed a generic design by Florentine artist
Giuseppe Cassioliwith text giving the host city; the reverse showed another generic design of an Olympic champion. From 1972-2000, Cassioli's design (or a slight reworking) remained on the obverse with a custom design by the host city on the reverse. Noting that Cassioli's design showed a Roman amphitheatre for what was originally a Greek game, a new obverse design was commissioned for the Athens 2004 Games. Winter Olympicsmedals have been of more varied design.
In a few tournament sports, such as
boxingand judo, two bronze medals are awarded in each event - one for each eliminated semi-finalist or for the winners of the " repechage" brackets.
In 1995, a study was carried out by social psychologists Victoria Medvec, Scott Madey and Thomas Gilovich on the effects of counterfactual thinking on the Olympics. The study showed that athletes who won the bronze medal were significantly happier with their winning than those athletes who won the
silver medal. The silver medalists were more frustrated because they had missed the gold medal, while the bronze medalists were simply happy to have received any honors at all (instead of a fourth place) [http://www.jiskha.com/social_studies/psychology/almost_made_it.html] .This is more pronounced in knockout competitions, such as the FIFA World Cup, where the bronze medals are achieved by winning a playoff, whereas silver medals are awarded after a defeat in the final.
Third place playoff
* [http://www.olympic.org/uk/passion/collectors/search_uk.asp?CatId=3&TypeId=4 Medal Designs for all Olympic Games]
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bronze medal — n a ↑medal made of bronze given to the person who comes third in a race or competition ▪ The bronze medal went to Nool of Estonia. >bronze medallist BrE bronze medalist AmE n ▪ an Olympic bronze medallist →↑gold medal … Dictionary of contemporary English
bronze medal — noun count a piece of BRONZE like a coin, given as a prize to someone who comes third in a sports competition: The team from Ireland won the bronze medal. ╾ ,bronze medalist noun count … Usage of the words and phrases in modern English
bronze medal — bronze medals N COUNT A bronze medal is a medal made of bronze or bronze coloured metal that is given as a prize to the person who comes third in a competition, especially a sports contest … English dictionary
bronze medal — ► NOUN ▪ a medal made of or coloured bronze, customarily awarded for third place in a race or competition … English terms dictionary
bronze medal — n. a medal, made of or like bronze, given as an award to the person coming in third in a competition, race, etc … English World dictionary
bronze medal — noun a trophy made of bronze (or having the appearance of bronze) that is usually awarded for winning third place in a competition • Hypernyms: ↑trophy, ↑prize * * * noun, pl ⋯ dals [count] : a medal made of bronze that is awarded as the prize… … Useful english dictionary
bronze medal — UK / US noun [countable] Word forms bronze medal : singular bronze medal plural bronze medals a piece of bronze like a coin, given as a prize to someone who comes third in a sports competition Derived word: bronze medallist noun countable Word… … English dictionary
bronze medal — bronze medalist. a medal, traditionally of bronze or bronze in color, awarded to a person or team finishing third in a competition, meet, or tournament. Cf. gold medal, silver medal. * * * … Universalium
bronze medal — bronze′ med′al n. spo a medal, traditionally of bronze, awarded to the third place winner in a competition bronze′ med′alist, n … From formal English to slang
bronze medal — noun (C) a medal made of bronze given to the person who comes third in a race or competition bronze medallist noun (C) see also: gold medal, silver medal … Longman dictionary of contemporary English