Józef Kostrzewski


Józef Kostrzewski

Józef Kostrzewski (February 25 1885 – October 19 1969) was a Polish archaeologist.

Kostrzewski was born in Węglewo near Gnesen (Gniezno). He studied first in Krakau, then from 1910 onwards with Gustaf Kossinna at Berlin and graduated in 1914. Back in Poland, he was to turn Kossinna's settlement-archaeological method ("siedlungsarchäologische Methode") against its creator and to try to prove a Slavonic autochthonism in Poland from at least the Bronze Age (Lusatian culture) onwards.

Kostrzewski became professor of prehistory at the newly founded University of Poznań in 1919, and from 1934 conducted the excavation of the Iron Age settlement of Biskupin, which he continued after the war.

After 1918, Kostrzewski became involved in bitter polemics about the ethnic ascription of the Lusatian and Pomeranian cultures with the German archaeologist Bolko von Richthofen.

During the German occupation of Poland during World War II, Polish universities and museums were closed, the finds were often transported to Germany, and many scholars were arrested, tortured and detained, or murdered. Kostrzewski hid from the Gestapo during the war, but returned to his Poznań chair in 1945. He died in Poznań.

Publications

* Gród prasłowiański w Biskupine w powiecie żnińskim (Poznań 1938).
* Kultura prapolska (1947)
* with W. Chmielelewski and K. Jażdżewski, Pradzieje Polski (Wrocław 1965)

Further reading

*J. Lech, Between captivity and freedom: Polish archaeology in the 20th century. Archaeologia Polona 35–36, 1997/98, 25–222, ISBN 00665924


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Polnischer Westgedanke — Als polnischer Westgedanke (polnisch polska myśl zachodnia) wird die Vorstellungswelt bezeichnet, die bezüglich der von Deutschland seit dem Mittelalter ausgehenden östlichen Expansion auch eine (Rück )Gewinnung von Gebieten westlich der… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Scouting in Poland — The Scouting and Guiding movement in Poland consists of about twelve independent organizations with an overall membership of 190,000 Scouts and Guides. couting organizations* Federacja Drużyn im. Cichociemnych * Harcerski Ruch Ochrony Środowiska… …   Wikipedia

  • Biskupin — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Biskupin es un emplazamiento arqueológico y un modelo a tamaño real de un poblado (Polonia. Pertenece a la Cultura Lusaciana. Las exacaciones y posterior reconstrucción de este asentamiento prehistórico ha jugado un… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Biskupin — is an archaeological site and a life size model of an Iron Age fortified settlement in north central Poland (Kuyavian Pomeranian Voivodeship). It belongs to the Biskupin group of the Lusatian culture. The excavation and the reconstruction of the… …   Wikipedia

  • 1934 in archaeology — The year 1934 in archaeology involved some significant events.Explorations* Maya site of Becan rediscovered by archaeologists Karl Ruppert and John Denison.Excavations* Poznań University project at Biskupin begins, led by Józef Kostrzewski and… …   Wikipedia

  • Gustaf Kossinna — came to power in 1933.LifeKossinna was a germanized Mazur. He was born in Tilsit, then a part of East Prussia. His father was a teacher at the secondary school level. As a child he learned Latin and piano.As a university student he matriculated… …   Wikipedia

  • Bolko von Richthofen — (1899 09 13 mdash;1983 03 18) was a German archaeologist and a relative of the fighter ace Manfred von Richthofen, the Red Baron . He engaged in a bitter dispute about the ethnicity of the Lusatian and Pomeranian cultures with the Polish… …   Wikipedia

  • Deutscher Ostmarkenverein — Der Deutsche Ostmarkenverein war eine nationalistische deutsche Organisation, die 1894 in der Stadt Posen gegründet wurde und im östlichen Gebiet des Deutschen Reiches tätig war. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Ziel und Mitgliederstruktur 2 Siehe auch 3… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Lausitzer Kultur — Zeitalter: mittlere und späte Bronzezeit – Eisenzeit Absolut: 1300–500 v. Chr. Relativ: Montelius III–IV …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Cultura lusaciana — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Mapa simplificado de las culturas de Europa central en torno al año 1200 a. C. El área en fucsia corresponde a la cultura Lusacia; el area azul central es la cultura Knoviz; el color rojo corresponde a la… …   Wikipedia Español