- Warhol Superstar
during the 1960s and early 1970s. The Superstars appeared in Warhol's artworks and accompanied him in his social life. They epitomized Warhol's famous dictum: "In the future everyone will be famous for fifteen minutes."
The first recognised Superstar was Baby Jane Holzer, whom Warhol featured in many of his early film experiments. Warhol's interest in applying a model drawn from
Fordismto the production of art saw this relationship set the pattern for many years to come.
The Superstars would help Warhol generate publicity while Warhol offered fame and attention in return. Warhol's philosophies of
artand celebritymet in a way that replicated the film studios at their most powerful. The actors belonged to the studio and were to do as instructed.
Among the most well-known of Warhol's Superstars was
Edie Sedgwick. Sedgwick and Warhol became very close during 1965 but their relationship ended abruptly early in the next year. Warhol would continue to associate himself with people including Viva, Candy Darling, Ultra Violet, Nicoand International Velvet.
Warhol's 'Factory’ played host to most of his Superstars and as his experiments in film continued he became more interested in the bohemian eccentrics attracted to the studio. Some of the most important superstars to emerge from the period of the first Factory (known as the 'Silver Factory' because silver foil had been applied to the walls and ceilings) include
Paul America, Ondine, Taylor Mead, Mary Woronov, Eric Emerson, Gerard Malanga, Billy Nameand Brigid Berlin.
In the later films, made in collaboration with
Paul Morrissey, Warhol brought in new superstars including Joe Dallesandro, Penny Arcade, Andrea Feldman, Jane Forth, Geraldine Smithand Sylvia Miles. During this period Warhol developed an increasing fascination with transsexuals and drag queens, and promoted Candy Darling, Holly Woodlawnand Jackie Curtisto Superstar status.
Warhol significantly reduced his public accessibility after being shot by
Valerie Solanasin 1968. The age of the Warhol Superstar soon faded.
Chelsea Girls" (a film about life amongst 'the Superstars' at Hotel Chelsea) was the only film to achieve success beyond the confines of artistic New York.
List of Warhol Superstars
Susan Bottomly(later known as "International Velvet")
Richard Bernstein(Artist who did the covers of "Interview" for 15 years)
* [http://www.warholstars.org Warholstars] Andy Warhol Films, Art and Superstars
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