- Santa Francesca Romana
Santa Francesca Romana, previously known as Santa Maria Nova, is a church in
Rome, that is situated next to the Roman Forum
The church was built in the second half of the tenth century, incorporating an eighth-century
oratorythat Pope Paul Iexcavated in the wing of the porticoof the Temple of Venus and Roma; it was named "Santa Maria Nova" ("new St. Mary"), to distinguish it from the other Roman Forum church devoted to St. Mary, Santa Maria Antiqua("ancient St. Mary"), which had become dilapidated in the tenth century; [This history of construction follows Touring Club Italiano, "Roma e dintorni" 1965:153f.] it was rebuilt by Pope Honorius IIin the thirteenth century, when the campanilewas built and the apse was decorated with mosaicsof a " Maestà", the Madonna enthroned accompanied by saints. The interior has been altered since. Since 1352 the church has been in the care of the Benedettini di Montoliveto, the Olivetans. In the 16th century the church was rededicated to Frances of Rome(canonized in 1608), whose relicsare in the crypt. Its travertine porch and façade is by Carlo Lambardi, and was completed in 1615.
The interior, in a single nave with side chapels, was rebuilt by Lambardi in the years preceding Francesca Buzzi's canonization, beginning in 1595. In the middle of the nave is the rectangular "
schola cantorum" of the old church, covered in Cosmatesque mosaics. Another prominent feature is the confessionaldesigned by Gian Lorenzo Bernini(1638-49), in polychrome marbles with four columns veneered in jasper.
The church houses the precious "Madonna Glycophilousa" ("our Lady of the tenderness"), an early fifth -century
iconbrought from Santa Maria Antiqua. The twelfth-century "Madonna and Child" that had been painted over it was meticulously detached in 1950 from the panel and is now kept in the sacristy.The ancient oratory on which the current church is built was located by Pope Paul I on the place in which Simon Magusdied. According to this legend, Simon Magus wanted to prove his powers as stronger than those of the apostles, and started levitating in front of Sts. Peter and Paul. The two apostles fell on their knees preaching, and Simon fell, dying. The basalt stones where the apostles were kept the imprints of their knees, and are embedded in the wall of the south transept.
The tomb of
Pope Gregory XI, who returned the papacy to Rome from Avignon, reconstructed to a design by Per Paulo Olivieri (signed and dated 1584) is in the south transept.
titulus" of the church remains "Sancta Mariae Novae"; the current Cardinal Priestof the "Titulus S. Mariae Novae" is Angelo Cardinal Sodano.
Saint Francesca Romana being the patron of car drivers, automobiles were lined up on the day of her feast (9 March) as far as the
Colosseum, to partake of the blessing. [(TCI) "Roma e dintorni" 1965:153.]
* "Roma", Touring Club Italiano, 2004.
* [http://roma.katolsk.no/francescaromana.htm "Santa Francesca Romana", by Chris Nyborg]
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