Kakching Khunou


Kakching Khunou

Infobox Indian Jurisdiction
native_name = Kakching Khunou | type = city | latd = 24.54 | longd = 93.98
locator_position = left | state_name = Manipur
district = Thoubal
leader_title = M. L. A.
leader_name = Kangujam Ranjit
altitude =
population_as_of = 2001
population_total = 9314| population_density =
area_magnitude= sq. km
area_total =
area_telephone = 91 3848
postal_code = 795 103
vehicle_code_range =
sex_ratio = 1:1.04
unlocode =
website =
footnotes =

Kakching Khunou is an agricultural town in Thoubal district in the Indian state of Manipur. Situated at a distance of 56 km from Imphal, it is surrounded by hillocks and agricultural land. "Tarang Turel", a rivulet flowing down from the eastern hills, runs through the middle of the town serving as a natural spring. It is connected to other parts of the state by the Imphal -Sugnu state highway.

Population

As of 2001 India census [GR|India] , Kakching Khunou had a population of 9314. Males constitute 49% of the population and females 51%. It has an average literacy rate of 58%, lower than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 70%, and female literacy is 48%. In Kakching Khunou, 14% of the population is under 6 years of age.

[http://ceomanipur.nic.in/ElectoralRolls2007/39Sugnu.htm Kakching Khunou Electoral Rolls 2007]

History

As the name clearly indicates, the people inhabiting Kakching Khunou had once migrated or bifurcated from Kakching. It is believed that these people under the leadership of Khamlangba first came from the west (of Manipur) and settled down at Uripok, Imphal though their pre-historic records could not be traced. These labourous people in search of their iron-ore moved from Uripok towards the south and settled for sometime near Kshetri Leikai of present Thoubal, during the reign of Charailongba (49th King of Manipur 1697-1709 A.D. ["Manipur and The Mainstream" by N. Tombi Singh, 1975] )Shortly thereafter, they migrated to Kakching Khuman near Pallel, and during the reign of Garib Niwas (50th King of Manipur 1709-1748 A.D. ["Manipur and The Mainstream" by N. Tombi Singh, 1975] ) Kakching was governed by Budhiraj [ [http://books.google.co.in/books?hl=en&id=gM0xcl0j2uoC&dq=The+Meitheis&printsec=frontcover&source=web&ots=ujV1HEBhxu&sig=88kjXU1KPrVa6zuwEbPX5qEE9vs#PPP9,M1 The Meitheis, Page 9, T.C. Hudson] ] . In the year 1790, during the reign of Bheigyachandra, they shifted to the present Kakching site while some sections moved further south and settled at Kakching Khunou. During the reign of Chourajit in 1726(Saka) one Leimapokpam Chandra was transported as Loi at Kakching Khunou which is evident of the village having existed [Cheitharol Kumbaba, page 184, 1989 edition] .

The Historical evidence of these people can easily be traced from many authentic books and records. Special mention in this connection can be made of that of Captain R. Boileau Pemberton's "Report on the Eastern Frontier of British India,1835" in which he described at page 30

"..Kakching lungsaee, Kokshing Khunao, Kokshing Khoolen and Langathel are the principal villages at which the iron works are carried on, under the direction of Cheiftains called Budhiraj Rajah, who claims for his ancestors the merit of having first discovered the existence of iron-ore in the valley and of rendering it subserve into the use of man".
And these professional people were also goverened through the leadership of one Khullakpa as Hudson clearly mentioned in his book "The Meitheis" (Page 72). In GAZETTEER OF MANIPUR Capt. E.W. Dun clearly stated the settlement of Kakching Khunou village. Moreover all the Kakching Villages in manipur worshipped Khamlangba and Sekmai Ningthou as their Umanglai (Forest God) which are the symbols of iron.

Genealogy

The population of kakching Khunou was composed of 15 Yumnaks (surnames) each Yumnak settling as a group under one elder known as Piba, altogether entertwined and also intermingled with one another as up to 1886. The 15 Yumnaks are :

#Khumukcham
#Mayanglambam
#Thingnam
#Sarangthem
#Kshetrimayum
#Angom
#Khaidem
#Laishram
#Leimapokpam
#Keisham
#Irom
#Amom
#Sanasam
#Khongbantabam
#Ngangom

Moreover, the following Brahman clans who settled down permanently as Sevayets of the Deities, worshiped by these people when they were converted into Hinduism, are also found in kakching Khunou. The clans are -
#Kakchingtabam
#Hidangmayum
#Aribam
#Gotimayum
#Gurumayum

In the later years many individuals of different clans came to Kakching Khunou and settled down permanently. They are: Achom, Adhikarimayum, Athokpam, Chingtham, Elangbam, Hamom, Heikrujam, Heisnam, Hidam, Huidrom, Huirem, Irengbam, Irungbam, Khangenbam, Khumanthem, Khundrakpam, Konjengbam, Langpoklakpam, Lourembam, Lukram, Mairenbam, Moirangthem, Nahakpam, Narekpam, Ngasheppam, Ningthoujam, Nongmaithem, Okram, Phairembam, Potshangbam, Pukhrambam, Puyam, Raj Kumar (R.K.), Sagolsem, Salam, Samurailatpam, Sapam, Shamjetshabam, Sinam, Soibam, Sorokhaibam, Takhellambam, Thokchom, Thongam, Thounaojam, Ushekpam, Yenkhom, Yumnam etc.

Religion

The pre-historic religion of the Kakchings prior to their arrival at Uripok can not be traced, but it can definitely be counted that they adopted the meitei religion before their conversion into Hinduism. In describing the Kakching Lois, Capt. E.W.Dun in his book, GAZETTEER OF MANIPUR (page 129) had quoted the writings of Sir James Johnstone in connection with their religion,

"..they were Lois but now called themseleves Hindoos, having sometime since 1867 been adopted into the Hindoo community by the Rajah, and they give themselves all the airs of Hindoos!"

Education

College(s)in Kakching Khunou

*Kakching Khunou College (Govt. Aided)

chool(s)in Kakching Khunou

*Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya, Shandumba Achouba [ [http://www.manipureducation.net/EducationProfile/Schools/ Schools in Manipur, Manipur Schools, Schools in Manipur ] ]
*Kakching Khunou Govt. High School
*Kakching Khunou Makha High School
*Chekshapat High School
*Khomdonbi Memorial English School(KBM)
*Hijam Irabot Memorial(HIM)Public School
*Gems Academy
*Junior Navodaya Vidyalaya
*Kakching Khunou Cheksapat P.S
*Kakching Khunou Boys' L.P. School
*Kakching Khunou Girls' L.P. School
*Kakching Khunou Tampakyum L.P. School
*Thongam Mondum P.S

Healthcare

There is a Primary Health Center at Kakching Khunou [ [http://healthmanipur.nic.in/PHCList.htm List of Primary Health Centres (PHC) in Manipur ] ] .

General Info

The nearest Post Office and Police Station are at Kakching and Waikhong respectively. There is a Branch Post Office (B.P.O.) at Kakching Khunou.

The bordering villages are Waikhong, Wangoo, Wangjing Khunou, Lengangching khun (Lamkang Village), Chayang Khun (Lamkang Village), Aihang (Kuki) and Tokpaching.

ome Facts

*People of Kakching Khunou speak in cockney accent.
*Kakching Khunou is a Loi Village
*There is no Muslim population at Kakching Khunou.
*It is among the largest producers of food grains in Manipur.
*Kakching Khunou is a Nagar Panchayat.
*Mondum Mahadeva, the famous Shiv Temple is situated just 5 km away from the town.
*The only J.N.V. of Thoubal district is at Kakching Khunou.
*The Pumlen pat lake, the second largest freshwater lake in Manipur, is at the north of Mondum Mahadeva.

References


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