Velar approximant


Velar approximant

The velar approximant is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents this sound is IPA|ɰ, and the equivalent X-SAMPA symbol is M.

The IPA symbol <IPA|ɣ>, which otherwise signifies a voiced velar fricative, is sometimes used for the velar approximant as well (with a lowering diacritic IPA|ɣ˕ when specificity is required). [Harvcoltxt|Martínez-Celdrán et al|2003|p=257-258]

Features

Features of the velar approximant:

* Its manner of articulation is approximant, which means it is produced by bringing one articulator close to another but without the vocal tract being narrowed to such an extent that a turbulent airstream is produced.
* Its place of articulation is velar which means it is articulated with the back part of the tongue (the dorsum) against the soft palate (the velum).
* Its phonation type is voiced, which means the vocal cords are vibrating during the articulation.
* It is an oral consonant, which means air is allowed to escape through the mouth.
* It is a central consonant, which means it is produced by allowing the airstream to flow over the middle of the tongue, rather than the sides.
* The airstream mechanism is pulmonic egressive, which means it is articulated by pushing air out of the lungs and through the vocal tract, rather than from the glottis or the mouth.

Occurrence

Notes

References

*Harvard reference
last = Martínez-Celdrán
first= Eugenio
last2 = Fernández-Planas
first2= Ana Ma.
last3 = Carrera-Sabaté
first3 = Josefina
year= 2003
title=Castilian Spanish
journal=Journal of the International Phonetic Association
volume=33
issue=2
pages=255-259

ee also

* List of phonetics topics


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Nasal labio-velar approximant — w̃ view · talk …   Wikipedia

  • Voiced labial-velar approximant — The voiced labiovelar (actually labialized velar) approximant is a type of consonantal sound, used in certain spoken languages, including English. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents this sound is IPA|w, and the… …   Wikipedia

  • Voiceless labio-velar approximant — The voiceless labiovelar approximant (traditionally called a voiceless labiovelar fricative) is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents this sound is IPA|ʍ, and …   Wikipedia

  • Velar consonant — Velar redirects here. For the village in Rajasthan, India, see Velar (village). Places of articulation Labial Bilabial Labial–velar Labial–coronal Labiodental Dentolabial …   Wikipedia

  • Approximant consonant — Approximants are speech sounds (phonemes) that could be regarded as intermediate between vowels and typical consonants. In the articulation of approximants, articulatory organs produce a narrowing of the vocal tract, but leave enough space for… …   Wikipedia

  • Velar lateral approximant — The velar lateral approximant is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents this sound is IPA|ʟ, and the equivalent X SAMPA symbol is L.FeaturesFeatures of the… …   Wikipedia

  • Velar nasal — Agma redirects here. For other uses, see AGMA (disambiguation). Velar nasal ŋ Image …   Wikipedia

  • Velar lateral flap — The velar lateral flap is an allophone of the velar lateral approximant in some languages of New Guinea, such as Kanite and Melpa. The extremely short duration of the IPA| [ʟ] in intervocalic position (20 30 ms) warrants calling it a tap,… …   Wikipedia

  • Voiceless palatal-velar fricative — The so called voiceless palatal velar fricative (also called a voiceless dorso palatal velar fricative, voiceless postalveolar and velar fricative, or voiceless coarticulated velar and palatoalveolar fricative) covers a range of similar sounds… …   Wikipedia

  • Labialisierter stimmhafter velarer Approximant — IPA Zeichen w IPA Zeichen Beschreibung lateinische Minuskel w IPA Zeichen Unicode Code U+0077 (w) …   Deutsch Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.