- Velar approximant
The velar approximant is a type of
consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabetthat represents this sound is IPA|ɰ, and the equivalent X-SAMPAsymbol is M.
The IPA symbol <IPA|ɣ>, which otherwise signifies a
voiced velar fricative, is sometimes used for the velar approximant as well (with a lowering diacritic IPA|ɣ˕ when specificity is required). [Harvcoltxt|Martínez-Celdrán et al|2003|p=257-258]
Features of the velar approximant:
manner of articulationis approximant, which means it is produced by bringing one articulator close to another but without the vocal tract being narrowed to such an extent that a turbulent airstream is produced.
place of articulationis velar which means it is articulated with the back part of the tongue(the dorsum) against the soft palate(the velum).
phonationtype is voiced, which means the vocal cords are vibrating during the articulation.
* It is an
oral consonant, which means air is allowed to escape through the mouth.
* It is a
central consonant, which means it is produced by allowing the airstream to flow over the middle of the tongue, rather than the sides.
airstream mechanismis pulmonic egressive, which means it is articulated by pushing air out of the lungs and through the vocal tract, rather than from the glottisor the mouth.
last = Martínez-Celdrán
last2 = Fernández-Planas
first2= Ana Ma.
last3 = Carrera-Sabaté
first3 = Josefina
journal=Journal of the International Phonetic Association
List of phonetics topics
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