- Voiced alveolar lateral fricative
The voiced alveolar lateral fricative is a type of
consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabetthat represents voiced dental, alveolar, and postalveolar lateral fricatives is IPA|ɮ, and the equivalent X-SAMPAsymbol is K.
Features of the voiced alveolar lateral fricative:
manner of articulationis fricative, which means it is produced by constricting air flow through a narrow channel at the place of articulation, causing turbulence.
place of articulationis alveolar, which means it is articulated with either the tip or the blade of the tongue against the alveolar ridge, termed respectively "apical" and "laminal".
phonationtype is voiced, which means the vocal cords are vibrating during the articulation.
* It is an
oral consonant, which means air is allowed to escape through the mouth.
* It is a
lateral consonant, which means it is produced by allowing the airstream to flow over the sides of the tongue, rather than the middle of the tongue.
airstream mechanismis pulmonic egressive, which means it is articulated by pushing air out of the lungs and through the vocal tract, rather than from the glottisor the mouth.
In addition, a pharyngealized voiced alveolar lateral fricative IPA|/ɮˁ/ is reconstructed to be the ancient
Classical Arabicpronunciation of transl|sem| Ḍād; the letter is now pronounced as a pharyngealized voiced alveolar plosive(IPA|dˁ).
Voiceless alveolar lateral fricative
List of phonetics topics
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