Voiced alveolar lateral fricative


Voiced alveolar lateral fricative

The voiced alveolar lateral fricative is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents voiced dental, alveolar, and postalveolar lateral fricatives is IPA|ɮ, and the equivalent X-SAMPA symbol is K.

Features

Features of the voiced alveolar lateral fricative:

* Its manner of articulation is fricative, which means it is produced by constricting air flow through a narrow channel at the place of articulation, causing turbulence.
* Its place of articulation is alveolar, which means it is articulated with either the tip or the blade of the tongue against the alveolar ridge, termed respectively "apical" and "laminal".
* Its phonation type is voiced, which means the vocal cords are vibrating during the articulation.
* It is an oral consonant, which means air is allowed to escape through the mouth.
* It is a lateral consonant, which means it is produced by allowing the airstream to flow over the sides of the tongue, rather than the middle of the tongue.
* The airstream mechanism is pulmonic egressive, which means it is articulated by pushing air out of the lungs and through the vocal tract, rather than from the glottis or the mouth.

Occurrence

In addition, a pharyngealized voiced alveolar lateral fricative IPA|/ɮˁ/ is reconstructed to be the ancient Classical Arabic pronunciation of transl|sem|Ḍād; the letter is now pronounced as a pharyngealized voiced alveolar plosive (IPA|dˁ).

ee also

* Voiceless alveolar lateral fricative
* List of phonetics topics
*


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