Velar lateral approximant

Velar lateral approximant

The velar lateral approximant is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents this sound is IPA|ʟ, and the equivalent X-SAMPA symbol is L.


Features of the velar lateral approximant:

* Its manner of articulation is approximant, which means it is produced by bringing one articulator close to another but without the vocal tract being narrowed to such an extent that a turbulent airstream is produced.
* Its place of articulation is velar which means it is articulated with the back part of the tongue (the dorsum) against the soft palate (the velum).
* Its phonation type is voiced, which means the vocal cords are vibrating during the articulation.
* It is an oral consonant, which means air is allowed to escape through the mouth.
* It is a lateral consonant, which means it is produced by allowing the airstream to flow over the sides of the tongue, rather than the middle of the tongue.
* The airstream mechanism is pulmonic egressive, which means it is articulated by pushing air out of the lungs and through the vocal tract, rather than from the glottis or the mouth.

Found in


ee also

* List of phonetics topics
* Velarized alveolar lateral approximant (an acoustically similar but articulatorily distinct sound)



*Harvard reference
last =Roca
first= Iggy
last2 =Johnson
first2= Wyn
year= 1999
title= A Course in Phonology
publisher=Blackwell Publishing

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Velar lateral flap — The velar lateral flap is an allophone of the velar lateral approximant in some languages of New Guinea, such as Kanite and Melpa. The extremely short duration of the IPA| [ʟ] in intervocalic position (20 30 ms) warrants calling it a tap,… …   Wikipedia

  • Lateral consonant — Lateral release ◌ˡ IPA number 426 view …   Wikipedia

  • Velar consonant — Velar redirects here. For the village in Rajasthan, India, see Velar (village). Places of articulation Labial Bilabial Labial–velar Labial–coronal Labiodental Dentolabial …   Wikipedia

  • Approximant consonant — Approximants are speech sounds (phonemes) that could be regarded as intermediate between vowels and typical consonants. In the articulation of approximants, articulatory organs produce a narrowing of the vocal tract, but leave enough space for… …   Wikipedia

  • Velar nasal — Agma redirects here. For other uses, see AGMA (disambiguation). Velar nasal ŋ Image …   Wikipedia

  • Stimmhafter velarer lateraler Approximant — IPA Zeichen ʟ IPA Zeichen Beschreibung lateinisches Kapitälchen l IPA Zeichen Unicode Code U+029F …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Stimmhafter lateraler alveolarer Approximant — IPA Zeichen l IPA Zeichen Beschreibung lateinische Minuskel l IPA Zeichen Unicode Code U+006C (l) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Stimmhafter lateraler palataler Approximant — IPA Zeichen ʎ IPA Zeichen Beschreibung diagonal gespiegelte lateinische Minuskel y IPA Zeichen Unicode Code U+028E …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Stimmhafter lateraler retroflexer Approximant — IPA Zeichen ɭ IPA Zeichen Beschreibung lateinische Minuskel l mit retroflexivem Haken IPA Zeichen Unicode Code U+026D …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Stimmhafter alveolarer lateraler Approximant — IPA Zeichen l IPA Zeichen Beschreibung lateinische Minuskel l IPA Zeichen Unicode Code U+006C (l) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.