Bilabial ejective


Bilabial ejective
Bilabial ejective
IPA number 101 + 401
Encoding
Entity (decimal) p​ʼ
Unicode (hex) U+0070 U+02BC
X-SAMPA p_>
Kirshenbaum p`
Sound

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The bilabial ejective is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents this sound is pʼ.

Features

Features of the bilabial ejective:

  • Its manner of articulation is stop, or plosive, which means it is produced by obstructing airflow in the vocal tract. (The term plosive contrasts with nasal stops, where the blocked airflow is redirected through the nose.)
  • Its place of articulation is bilabial, which means it is articulated with both lips.
  • Its phonation is voiceless, which means it is produced without vibrations of the vocal cords.
  • It is an oral consonant, which means air is allowed to escape through the mouth only.
  • Because the sound is not produced with airflow over the tongue, the centrallateral dichotomy does not apply.
  • The airstream mechanism is ejective (glottalic egressive), which means the air is forced out by pumping the glottis upward.

Occurrence

In addition to the languages listed below, this sound is also common in Ethiopian Semitic languages.

Language Word IPA Meaning Notes
Abkhaz [example needed] -- See Abkhaz phonology
Georgian [example needed] --
Khwarshi [example needed] -- Contrasts phonemically with pharyngealized form
Oromo [example needed] --
Quechua p'acha [pʼat͡ʃa] 'clothes'
Ubykh [example needed] -- Contrasts phonemically with pharyngealized form. See Ubykh phonology

See also


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Look at other dictionaries:

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