- James P. Kirkwood
James Pugh Kirkwood (1807 –
April 22, 1877) was a 19th century American civil engineer.
He was born in
Scotlandin 1807. He worked for the Long Island Rail Road, and gained notice in 1848 for his construction of the Starrucca Viaductnear Lanesboro, Pennsylvania, considered to be the most expensive railroad bridge at the time, as well as the largest stone viaduct, and for its first use of concrete in American bridge construction. He arrived in St. Louis, Missouriin 1850 as chief engineer of the Pacific Railroad, and was responsible for the construction of the road from St. Louis to Pacific, Missouri. The towns of Kirkwood, Missouriand Kirkwood, New Yorkare named after him.
In 1865 he was appointed Chief Engineer in the city of
St. Louis, Missouri, in charge of the design of a state-of-the-art waterworks. He served in that capacity until 1867, when he was replaced by Thomas Jefferson Whitman, brother of Walt Whitman.
In 1867 he moved back to
New Yorkand served as President of the American Society of Civil Engineersfrom 1867 to 1868.
Compton Hill Reservoir Park
* [http://www.stlwater.com/history2.php A History of the St. Louis Water Works (1764-1968)]
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