Munio de Zamora


Munio de Zamora

Munio de Zamora (Zamora, 1237 - Rome, 1300) became the seventh Master General of the Dominican Order in 1285, thanks in large part to the manipulations performed by his patron Sancho IV of Castile. He was dramatically removed from his office by a papal bull dated April 12, 1291,[1] in an action that involved the pope Nicholas IV and the archbishop of Genoa, Jacob de Voragine (the author of the Golden Legend).

Munio's career was rehabilitated in 1294, when he was appointed Bishop of Palencia, thanks to the interventions and bribery of his protector, King Sancho. And perhaps brother Munio was also in the background when Sancho had authorized a payment of 30,000 maravedís to Cardinal Ordoño in 1285, just one month after Munio had been elevated to Master-General. Brother Munio, dissolute and violent, made an earlier appearance in the Dominican nunnery affair in the small provincial city of Zamora, which occasioned a visitation by the bishop of Zamora in 1279. The convent of Dominican nuns was split with faction and the Dominican friars were behaving like characters from the Decameron. The resulting depositions survive, to form the basis of a highly readable history by Peter Linehan (1997) that lays open more than just the social history of Dominican friars and nuns in 13th century Castile. Pursuing Munio, his friends and his enemies, from Zamora to the papal Curia over a twenty-year period, Linehan shows how events in a Castilian nunnery could influence high politics in the medieval Church.

In 1285 Munio promulgated the Rule of the Brothers and Sisters of Penance of the Blessed Dominic (Regula Fratrum et Sororum Ordinis de Paenitentiae Beati Dominici), which provided a rule of life (lasting into the 20th century) for the "penitent" laymen and women that were linked to the Dominican Order of Preachers. In its opening, the rule lays down the prerequisites: "They must be filled with the utmost jealous, burning zeal, after their own fashion, for the truth of Catholic faith".

The Master of the Order thus offered an opportunity to lay people, who had been independent until then, to adopt a rule of life and be placed under the jurisdiction of the Order of Preachers by making a promise of obedience to the Master General of the Order.

Thus Munio de Zamora receives reverential official biography from the Dominican order.

Munio is entombed in the ancient basilica of Santa Sabina, the center of the Dominican order in Rome.

Preceded by
Giovanni da Vercelli
Master General of the Dominican Order
1285–1291
Succeeded by
Étienne de Besançon
Preceded by
Juan Alfonso de Molina
Bishop of Palencia
1294–1296
Succeeded by
Álvaro Carrillo

External links

Notes and references

  1. ^ Hugh Chisholm The Encyclopædia Britannica 1911, p.121

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Munio de Zamora — Obispo de Palencia Consagración episcopal 1294 por Gonzalo Gudiel. Nacimiento Zamora, 1237. Fallecimiento Roma, 1300. Fray Munio de Zamora (Zamora, 1237 Roma, 7 de marzo de 1300), mencionado también como Nuño …   Wikipedia Español

  • Муньо де Самора — Munio de Zamora 7 й Генеральный магистр ордена проповедников. 1285 год   1291 год …   Википедия

  • Order of Preachers —     Order of Preachers     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Order of Preachers     As the Order of the Friars Preachers is the principal part of the entire Order of St. Dominic, we shall include under this title the two other parts of the order: the… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Jacques de Voragine — (Iacoppo da Varazze, Jacobus da Varagine[1]) (Varazze, vers 1228 Gênes, 1298), était un chroniqueur italien du Moyen Âge, archevêque de Gênes et auteur de la Légende dorée, célèbre ouvrage racontant la vie d un grand nombre de saints et saintes,… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • De Voragines, Jacques — Jacques de Voragine Jacques de Voragine (Jacobus da Varagine[1]) (Varazze, vers 1228 Gênes, 1298), était un chroniqueur italien du Moyen Âge, archevêque de Gênes et auteur de la Légende dorée, célèbre ouvrage racontant la vie d un grand nombre de …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Jacques De Voragine — (Jacobus da Varagine[1]) (Varazze, vers 1228 Gênes, 1298), était un chroniqueur italien du Moyen Âge, archevêque de Gênes et auteur de la Légende dorée, célèbre ouvrage racontant la vie d un grand nombre de saints et saintes, martyrs chrétiens,… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Jacques de Varagine — Jacques de Voragine Jacques de Voragine (Jacobus da Varagine[1]) (Varazze, vers 1228 Gênes, 1298), était un chroniqueur italien du Moyen Âge, archevêque de Gênes et auteur de la Légende dorée, célèbre ouvrage racontant la vie d un grand nombre de …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Jacques de Voragines — Jacques de Voragine Jacques de Voragine (Jacobus da Varagine[1]) (Varazze, vers 1228 Gênes, 1298), était un chroniqueur italien du Moyen Âge, archevêque de Gênes et auteur de la Légende dorée, célèbre ouvrage racontant la vie d un grand nombre de …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Jacques de voragine — (Jacobus da Varagine[1]) (Varazze, vers 1228 Gênes, 1298), était un chroniqueur italien du Moyen Âge, archevêque de Gênes et auteur de la Légende dorée, célèbre ouvrage racontant la vie d un grand nombre de saints et saintes, martyrs chrétiens,… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Anexo:Obispos de Palencia — La siguiente es una lista cronológica de los obispos de la diócesis de Palencia, en España. Obispos de Palencia 456 Pastor Los nombres de los primeros obispos son controvertidos, y las fechas de sus episcopados, aproximadas.[1] 506 Pedro I 527… …   Wikipedia Español