- Religion in Serbia
Serbia is a multireligious country. The dominant religion is Orthodox Christianity (notably the
Serbian Orthodox Church), but there are also numerous adherents of Islam(living mostly in Raška region (Sandžak) and the Preševo Valley), and Catholic Christianity (living mostly in northern part of Vojvodina), as well as adherents of other religious groups such are Protestant Christians, Jews, and others.
According to the last census in 2002, the most numerous religious groups in Serbia (excluding territory of Kosovo) were:
Orthodox Christians= 6,371,584
Catholic Christians= 410,976
*Protestant Christians = 80,837
Oriental Cults= 530
Most of the citizens of
Serbiaare adherents of the Serbian Orthodox Church, while the Romanian Orthodox Churchis also present in parts of Vojvodina inhabited by ethnic Romanian minority. Besides Serbs, the ethnic groups of Serbia whose members are mostly adherents of Orthodox Christianity are: Montenegrins, Romanians, Yugoslavs, Roma, Macedonians, Ukrainians, Bulgarians, Russians, Greeks, Vlachs, etc.
The identity of ethnic Serbs was historically largely based on Orthodox Christianity and on the
Serbian Orthodox Church, to the extent that some Serb nationalists claimed that those who are not its faithful are not Serbs. However, the conversion of the south Slavs from paganism to Christianity took place before the Great Schism, the split between the Greek East and the Catholic West. After the Schism, those who lived under the Orthodox sphere of influence became Orthodox and those who lived under the Catholic sphere of influence became Catholic. Some ethnologists consider that the distinct Serb and Croat identities relate to religion rather than ethnicity. With the arrival of the Ottoman Empire, some Serbsand Croatsconverted to Islam. This was particularly, but not wholly, so in Bosnia. The best known Catholic Serb is Ivo Andrićand the best known Muslim Serb is probably either Mehmed Paša Sokolovićor Meša Selimović.
Islam in Serbia."
Islam is dominant religion in
Sandžakand Preševo Valley, while ethnic groups whose members are mostly adherents of Islam are: Bosniaks, Muslims by nationality, Albanians, Gorani, Turks, Arabs, Ashkali, and Egyptians. A smaller number of ethnic Roma are also adherents of Islam.
Catholic christianity is present mostly in the northern part of
Vojvodina, notably in the municipalities with Hungarian ethnic majority and in the multiethnic municipality of Subotica. The ethnic groups whose members are mostly adherents of the Catholic Christianity are: Hungarians, Croats, Bunjevci, Germans, Slovenians, Czechs, Šokci, Poles, etc. A smaller part of Roma, Yugoslavs, and Slovaksare also adherents of the Catholic Christianity. The ethnic Rusyns and a smaller part of the ethnic Ukrainiansare adherents of the Eastern Catholic Church.
The largest concentration of the Protestant Christians in Serbia is in the municipality of
Bački Petrovac, where the majority of the population are ethnic Slovaks, most of them adherents of Protestant Christianity. Some members of other ethnic groups (especially Hungariansand Germansin proportional terms and Serbsin absolute terms) are also adherents of various forms of Protestant Christianity.Prior to World War II former Yugoslavia was populated by various neo-protestant groups including Jehovah's Withness, Methodists, Seventh Day Adventists and Evangelical Baptists (Nazarene). Many of these groups were situated in the culturally diverse province of Vojvodina. Today there remains only small number of these communities.
Jews in Serbia."
2002, there were 785 Jews in Serbia, most living in Belgrade, Suboticaand Pančevo.
Religion in Vojvodina
List of Serb Orthodox monasteries
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