- Huntingdon Beaumont
Huntingdon Beaumont ("c."1560-1624) was an innovative entrepreneur in
coal mining, who built what is currently credited as the world's first wagonway. Regrettably he was less successful as a businessman and died having been imprisoned for debt.
Huntingdon Beaumont was the youngest of four sons born to Sir Nicholas Beaumont and his wife Ann (Saunders). They were an aristocratic family in the English East Midlands. There were several branches to the Beaumont dynasty and this was the one based at
Coleortonin Leicestershire. He was therefore of gentleman status in the formal Elizabethan sense.
The family owned coal bearing lands and worked them. Huntingdon was involved in this coal working and eventually in the late 16th century during the reign of Elizabeth I he began working in his own right in the Nottingham area. During his partnership with
Sir Percival Willoughby, Lord of the WollatonManor, in 1603-4 he constructed the Wollaton Wagonway. The WW may not be the world's first wagonwaybut as it is the oldest with surviving provenace it is therefore currently credited as the world's first.
The Wollaton Wagonway ran from Strelley where he held mining leases to Wollaton Lane. Huntingdon Beaumont can therefore be credited with the title of the "Great Grandfather of railways". He had also worked in the
Wollatonand Lentonareas previously.
Huntingdon Beaumont was a successful finder of coal and an innovator in the development of mining techniques. A key innovation currently attributed to him is the introduction of boring rods to assist in finding coal without sinking a shaft. He also built the first
wagonwaywhich is why he features on this site. His working life covered involvement in coal mining activities in Warwickshire, Leicestershire, Nottinghamshireand Northumberland. His coal mining and waggonway activities in the early 1600s near Blyth in Northumberlandwere, like most of his ventures, unprofitable. However the boring rod and wagonway technology he took with him was implemented by others to significant effect. The wagonwayevolutionary chain he started in the English north east was to later encompass George Stephensonand change the world forever.
Regrettably Huntingdon Beaumont was not a successful businessman. He lost his several family members considerable sums of money and died in
NottinghamGaol in 1624 having been imprisoned for debt.
*Harvard reference | Surname= Lewis | Given=M. J. T. | Title=Early Wooden Railways | Publisher=Routledge Keegan Paul (out of print) | Place=
London, England| Year=1970 .
*Harvard reference | Surname=Smith | Given= R. S. | Title=Early Coal Mining Around Nottingham 1500 - 1650 | Publisher=University of Nottingham (out of print) | Year=1989 .
*Harvard reference | Surname=New | Given=J. R. | Title=400 years of English railways - Huntingdon Beaumont and the early years | Journal=Backtrack | Volume=18 | Issue=11 | Year=2004 | Page=660 to 665 .
[http://www.waggonways.fsnet.co.uk/ Waggonway Research Circle website] .
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Beaumont Baronets — There have been four Baronetcies created for persons with the surname Beaumont, all in the Baronetage of England. One creation is extant as of 2008.The Beaumont Baronetcy, of Cole Orton in the County of Leicester, was created in the Baronetage of … Wikipedia
Beaumont (Familie) — Das Haus Beaumont war eine Familie des normannischen Adels, die im Zusammenhang mit der Eroberung Englands zu einer der ersten Familien auf der Insel aufstieg. Ihre Angehörigen sind vor allem als Earl of Warwick bekannt. Ihre wesentlichen Titel… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Beaumont Inn — In the parish of St. Benet, in the ward of Baynardescastell, I Ed. IV. 1462 (Cal. P.R. Ed. IV. 1461 7, p. 103). Newe Inne alias Beaumontes Inne, 1475 (Cal. Ch. I. p.m. IV. 322). In Thames Street at the south eastern end. Edward IV. gave … Dictionary of London
Francis Hastings, 2nd Earl of Huntingdon — (1514 – 20 June 1561) was the eldest son of George Hastings, 1st Earl of Huntingdon and Anne Stafford, Countess of Huntingdon, the ex mistress of Henry VIII. His maternal first cousins included Henry Stafford, 1st Baron Stafford and Henry… … Wikipedia
Henry Hastings, 5th Earl of Huntingdon — (1586 ndash; November 14, 1643) was a prominent English nobleman and literary patron in England during the first half of the seventeenth century. He was the first and only son of Francis Hastings, Baron Hastings and Lady Sarah Harrington. Henry… … Wikipedia
Maud, Countess of Huntingdon — Maud of Northumbria (1074–1130), Countess of the Honour of Huntingdon and Northampton, was the daughter of Waltheof II, Earl of Northumbria and Judith of Lens, the last of the major Anglo Saxon earls to remain powerful after the Norman conquest… … Wikipedia
Haus Beaumont — Das Haus Beaumont war eine Familie des normannischen Adels, die im Zusammenhang mit der Eroberung Englands zu einer der ersten Familien auf der Insel aufstieg. Ihre Angehörigen sind vor allem als Earl of Warwick bekannt. Ihre wesentlichen Titel… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Robert de Beaumont, 1st Earl of Leicester — and Count of Meulan (1049 ndash; June 5, 1118) was a powerful English and French nobleman, revered as one of the wisest men of his age. Chroniclers speak highly of his eloquence, his learning, and three kings of England valued his counsel.He… … Wikipedia
Robert de Beaumont, 2nd Earl of Leicester — Infobox Officeholder honorific prefix = name =Robert de Beaumont, 2nd Earl of Leicester honorific suffix = imagesize = small caption = order = office = Chief Justiciar of England term start =October 1155 term end =April 5, 1168 vicepresident =… … Wikipedia
Robert de Beaumont, 2. Earl of Leicester — Robert de Beaumont, 2. Earl of Leicester, genannt Le Bossu (der Bucklige) (* 1104; † 5. April 1168), war ein englischer Adliger französischer Herkunft. Er war der Sohn von Robert de Beaumont, 1. Earl of Leicester und Elisabeth von Vermandois;… … Deutsch Wikipedia