- Smoked beer
Smoked beer (German: "Rauchbier") is a type of
beerwith a distinctive smoke flavor, which can be imparted either by using malted barleydried over an open flame, or (less commonly) by placing a large, heated stone in the unfermented beer."Beer", by Michael Jackson, published 1998, pp.150-151] The "Rauchbiers" of Bambergin Germany, Schlenkerlain particular, [ [http://www.whitebeertravels.co.uk/schlenkerla.html Schlenkerla Tavern & its Heller Brewery and Rauchbier (Smoke Beer), Bamberg ] ] [ [http://www.germanbeerguide.co.uk/rauch.html German Beer Guide: Rauchbier ] ] are the best-known of the smoked beers.
Drying malt over an open flame may impart a smoky character to the malt. This character may carry over to beers brewed with the smoked malt. Prior to the modern era, drying
malted barleyin direct sunlight was used in addition to drying over flames. Even though kilndrying of malt, using indirect heat, did not enter into widespread usage until the industrial era, the method was known as early as the first century BCE. Also, there have been various methods over the years of preparing cereal grains for brewing, including making beer from bread, [ [http://www.eat-online.net/english/habits/beer_in_ancient_times.htm#SUMERER Beer in ancient times ] ] so smoked beer was not universal. However, it is known that beer made from malt dried over flame was common in England from the 16th to the 18th century. Fact|date=October 2007
Beginning in the 18th century, kiln drying of malt became progressively more common and, by the mid-19th century, had become the near-universal method for drying malted grain. Since the kiln method shunts the smoke away from the wet malt, a smoky flavour is not imparted to the grain, nor to the subsequent beer. As a result, smoke flavour in beer became less and less common, and eventually disappeared almost entirely from the brewing world.
Certain breweries, however, maintained the smoked beer tradition by continuing to use malt which had been dried over open flames. Two tavern-breweries in
Bamberg, Germanyin particular — Schlenkerlaand Spezial— became almost the sole source of smoked beer production for nearly two centuries.Fact|date=February 2007 Both breweries are still in operation today, alongside seven other breweries in the same town. Both dry their malt over fires made from beechwoodlogs, and produce several varieties of "Rauchbier" ("smoke beer" in German).
moked beers outside of Germany
Austria, the Upper Austrian brewery "Braucommune Freistadt" produces smoked beer.
Italy, "Birrificio Lambrate" in Milanproduces "Ghisa", a smoked beer with Bamberg's typical features.
Japan, Honshūbrewery "Moku Moku" produce a smoked ale, the brewery's name being a reference to the use of smoke screens by ninja warriors. The brewery is part of a cooperative that also smokes ham and makes sausages."Beer", by Michael Jackson, published 1998, pp.150-151]
Geoff Larson, founder and brewmaster of the
Alaskan Brewing Companymade a smoked beer, Alaskan Smoked Porter, in 1988 influenced by the "Rauchbiers" of Bamberg. The brewery was located directly across the street from a salmonsmokery in Juneau, Alaska, so he made arrangements to have them smoke his malt with alderwood. Other American breweries, such as Rogue Alesand Stone Brewing Company, also produce smoked beers. In 2008 New Glarus brewry in Wisconsin produced "Smoke on the Porter", a beer produced partially with Bamburg-smoked malts and partially with malts smoked at a neighboring smokehouse as part of their "Unplugged" specialty beer series.
Brazil, " Eisenbahn" produces a smoked beer called "Eisenbahn Rauchbier", using malts imported from Bamberg.
Sweden, "Närke Kulturbryggeri" produces a smoked beer called "Anders Göranssons Bästa Rököl", and Nils Oscar Breweryproduces Nils Oscar Rökporter, a smoked porter.
Australia, "Redoak Boutique Beer Café" (est.2004) produces an award-winning World Beer Cup] [ [http://www.european-beer-star.com European Beer Star Awards] ] smoked beer called "Redoak Rauch Bier" [ [http://www.redoak.com.au/SpecialBeers.htm Redoak: Special Beers] ]
* [http://www.smokebeer.com Brewery Schlenkerla] (English and German)
* [http://www.brauerei-spezial.de/ Brewery Spezial] (German only)
* [http://www.bamberger-bier.de Bamberger-Bier.de] - everything you have to know about Bambergs brewing tradition (German, English)
* [http://www.rauchbier.at Braucommune Freistadt] (German only)
* [http://www.alaskanbeer.com/ Alaskan Brewing Company] (English only)
* [http://www.eisenbahn.com.br/ Cervejaria Eisenbahn] (English and Portuguese)
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