- Erskine May, 1st Baron Farnborough
The Right Honourable
The Lord Farnborough
KCB, PC, DCL
Under Clerk of the Parliaments In office
16 February 1871 – 17 April 1886
Monarch Victoria Preceded by Sir Denis Le Marchant, Bt Succeeded by Sir Reginald Palgrave Personal details Born Thomas Erskine May
8 February 1815
Died 17 May 1886(aged 71)
St George Hanover Square, Middlesex
Thomas Erskine May was born in Highgate, Middlesex, on 8 February 1815. He was christened on 21 September 1815 at St Martin-in-the-Fields, Westminster with his parents being registered as Thomas and Sarah May. He was educated at Bedford School.
May began his parliamentary service in 1831, at the age of 16, as Assistant Librarian in the House of Commons Library. He was admitted to the Middle Temple on 20 June 1834 and called to the bar on 4 May 1838. May married Johanna Laughton, of Fareham, on 27 August 1839. May became examiner of petitions for private bills in 1846 and from 1847 to 1856 was Taxing Master for both Houses of Parliament. In 1856 he became Clerk Assistant of the House of Commons.
May was appointed a Companion of the Order of the Bath (CB) on 16 May 1860 and promoted to Knight Commander (KCB) on 6 July 1866. On 16 February 1871, he was appointed Clerk of the House of Commons by letters patent.
In 1873, he was elected a bencher of the Middle Temple and awarded an honorary Doctorate of Civil Law by the University of Oxford in 1874. In 1880, he was made a Reader of the Middle Temple and appointed to the Privy Council in 1884.
On 10 May 1886, shortly after his retirement as Clerk of the House of Commons, May was created "Baron Farnborough, of Farnborough, in the county of Southampton". He died on 17 May 1886 and left no heirs and so the barony became extinct, making it the second-shortest-lived peerage in British history, after the Barony of Leighton.
May's most famous work, A Treatise upon the Law, Privileges, Proceedings and Usage of Parliament (now popularly known as Erskine May: Parliamentary Practice or simply Erskine May), was first published in 1844. The book is currently in its 24th edition, with a 25th edition due in March 2011. It is informally considered part of the constitution of the United Kingdom. The guide is authoritative in many Commonwealth nations, often with strong influence on constitutional convention.
Another notable work is The Constitutional History of England since the Accession of George III, 1760–1860 (ISBN 0-8377-2429-5). May's work was rejected by later historians, such as Herbert Butterfield who wrote, "Erskine May must be a good example of the way in which an historian may fall into error through an excess of brilliance. His capacity for synthesis, and his ability to dovetail the various parts of the evidence ... carried him into a more profound and complicated elaboration of error than some of his more pedestrian predecessors ... he inserted a doctrinal element into his history which, granted his original aberrations, was calculated to project the lines of his error, carrying his work still further from centrality or truth."
Titles and styles
- 1815 – Thomas Erskine May, Esq
- 1860 – Thomas Erskine May, Esq, CB
- 1866 – Sir Thomas Erskine May, KCB
- 1874 – Sir Thomas Erskine May, KCB, DCL
- 1884 – The Right Hon Sir Thomas Erskine May, KCB, DCL
- 1886 – The Right Hon The Lord Farnborough, KCB, PC, DCL
- ^ Parish register printouts of Westminster, London, England (Saint Martin in the Fields), christenings, 1813–1837.
- ^ 1881 Census: "Name: May, Thomas E. Age: 66. Relation: Head. Spouse's name: Lousia J. Gender: Male. Where born: Highgate, Middlesex, England. Civil parish: St Margaret. County/Island: London. Country: England. Street Address: Palace of Westminster. Condition as to marriage: Married. Occupation: K.C.B. Clerk Of The House Of Commons. Registration district: St George Hanover Square. Sub-registration district: St Margaret Westminster. Enumeration district: 1." Source: The National Archives, class RG11, piece 117, folio 18, page 30.
- ^ Fellowes, E. A. (1 January 1950). "Review section". Parliamentary Affairs IV (2): 266. http://pa.oxfordjournals.org/cgi/pdf_extract/IV/2/266. Retrieved 16 July 2010.
- ^ Dictionary of National Biography (volume XXXVII, pages 139–140, New York/London, 1894)
- ^ Correspondence of Lady Farnborough and Miss E G Laughton
- ^ London Gazette: . 18 May 1860. Retrieved 12 July 2010.
- ^ London Gazette: . 6 July 1866. Retrieved 12 July 2010.
- ^ The formal appointment, as Under Clerk of the Parliaments, was officially announced on 2 February. London Gazette: . 3 February 1871. Retrieved 12 July 2010.
- ^ London Gazette: . 11 May 1886. Retrieved 12 July 2010. This appears to contradict tertiary sources which claim that the peerage was created a day later, on 11 May 1886.
- ^ Death certificate: "Name: May, Thomas Erskine (Lord Farnborough). Age at Death: 71. District: St George Hanover Square. County: London, Middlesex." General Register Office, England and Wales Civil Registration Indexes, April–June 1886, volume 1a, page 305.
- ^ William McKay, May, Thomas Erskine, Baron Farnborough (1815–1886), Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004; online edn, Jan 2000. Retrieved 11 April 2011.
- ^ Butterfield, Herbert (1957). George III and the Historians. London: Collins. pp. 152.
- Works written by or about T. Erskine May, 1st Baron Farnborough at Wikisource
- Works by or about Erskine May, 1st Baron Farnborough in libraries (WorldCat catalog)
- Papers at the Parliamentary Archives
- Thomas Erskine May, 1st and last Baron Farnborough, entry at thePeerage.com
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
См. также в других словарях:
May, Sir Thomas Erskine, 1st Baron Farnborough — (1815 1886) Jurist and historian, ed. at Bedford School, and after holding various minor offices became in 1871 clerk to the House of Commons, retiring in 1886, when he was raised to the peerage. He had previously, 1866, been made K.C.B. He… … Short biographical dictionary of English literature
Charles Long, 1st Baron Farnborough — This article is about the first Baron Farnborough of the first creation (named after Farnborough in Bromley). For the first Baron Farnborough of the second creation (named after Farnborough in Hampshire), see Erskine May, 1st Baron Farnborough.… … Wikipedia
Baron Farnborough — was a peerage title, twice created in the Peerage of the United Kingdom. The first was created on 8 July 1826 for Charles Long of Saxmundham in Suffolk. The second was created on 11 May 1886 for constitutional theorist Erskine May. He died six… … Wikipedia
May (surname) — For other uses, see May (disambiguation). May Family name Region of origin Germany, England, Ireland Scotland Related names Maye, Mayes, Mays, Meir, Meier May is a surname of Saxon and, independently … Wikipedia
May — I. noun Etymology: Middle English, from Anglo French & Latin; Anglo French mai, from Latin Maius, from Maia, Roman goddess Date: 12th century 1. the fifth month of the Gregorian calendar 2. often not capitalized the early vigorous blooming part… … New Collegiate Dictionary
Мэй, Томас Эрскин — Sir (Thomas) Erskine May, 1st Baron Farnborough … Википедия
George IV of the United Kingdom — Infobox British Royalty|majesty name =George IV title =King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland; King of Hanover imgw =225 caption =Portrait by Sir Thomas Lawrence, 1816 reign =29 January 1820 – 26 June 1830 coronation =19 July… … Wikipedia
Georg IV. (Vereinigtes Königreich) — Georg IV. Der Prince of Wales Georg IV. August Friedrich (englisch … Deutsch Wikipedia
Peerage law — The British Peerage is governed by a body of law that has developed over several centuries. Precedents established by several important cases form most of this body of law. Several of the more significant cases will be addressed below.Peerage… … Wikipedia
House of Commons of the United Kingdom — Infobox Legislature name = The Honourable the Commons of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland in Parliament assembled coa pic = House of Commons logo.png coa pic = session room = House of Commons.jpg house type = Lower House… … Wikipedia