- Kanye West
West at the 2009 Tribeca Film Festival
Background information Birth name Kanye Omari West Born June 8, 1977
Atlanta, Georgia, United States
Origin Chicago, Illinois, United States Genres Hip hop Occupations Producer, rapper, musician, singer Instruments Vocals, keyboards, sampler, percussion, synthesizer Years active 1996–present Labels GOOD Music, Roc-A-Fella, Def Jam Associated acts Go Getters, Child Rebel Soldier, Jay-Z, The Throne, Common, John Legend, Kid Cudi, Rihanna, Jeff Bhasker, Pusha T, Mos Def, Mr Hudson, Talib Kweli, Big Sean, A-Trak, Pharrell, Lupe Fiasco Website kanyewest.com
Kanye Omari West ( //; born June 8, 1977) is an American rapper, singer, and record producer. West first rose to fame as a producer for Roc-A-Fella Records, where he eventually achieved recognition for his work on Jay-Z's album The Blueprint, as well as hit singles for musical artists including Alicia Keys, Ludacris, and Janet Jackson. His style of production originally used pitched-up vocal samples from soul songs incorporated with his own drums and instruments. However, subsequent productions saw him broadening his musical palette and expressing influences encompassing '70s R&B, baroque pop, trip hop, arena rock, folk, alternative, electronica, synth-pop, and classical music.
West released his debut album The College Dropout in 2004, his second album Late Registration in 2005, his third album Graduation in 2007, his fourth album 808s & Heartbreak in 2008, and his fifth album My Beautiful Dark Twisted Fantasy in 2010. West released a collaborative album, Watch the Throne, with Jay-Z on August 8, 2011, which is the duo's first collaborative album. His five solo albums, all of which have gone platinum, have received numerous awards and critical acclaim. As of 2011, West has won a total of fourteen Grammy Awards. All albums have been very commercially successful, with My Beautiful Dark Twisted Fantasy becoming his fourth consecutive No.1 album in the U.S. upon release. West has had 5 songs exceed 3 million in digital sales as of July 2011, with "Gold Digger" selling 3,086,000, "Stronger" selling 4,402,000, "Heartless" selling 3,742,000, "E.T." selling over 4,000,000 and "Love Lockdown" selling over 3,000,000 placing him third in overall digital sales of the past decade. He has sold over 25 million digital songs in the United States placing him second for solo male artists on the list and sixth overall for best selling digital artists.
West also runs his own record label GOOD Music, home to artists such as John Legend, Common and Kid Cudi. West's mascot and trademark is "Dropout Bear," a teddy bear which has appeared on the covers of three of his five albums as well as various single covers and music videos. About.com ranked Kanye West No.8 on their "Top 50 Hip-Hop Producers" list. On May 16, 2008, Kanye West was crowned by MTV as the year's No.1 "Hottest MC in the Game." On December 17, 2010, Kanye West was voted as the MTV Man of the Year by MTV. Billboard ranked Kanye West No. 3 on their list of Top 10 Producers of the decade. West has also been included in the Time 100 list of the most influential people in the world as well as being listed in a number of Forbes' annual lists.
- 1 Early life
- 2 Music career
- 3 Other ventures
- 4 Musical style and influences
- 5 Personal life
- 6 Controversies
- 7 Discography
- 8 Filmography
- 9 Awards and nominations
- 10 References
- 11 External links
Kanye West was born in Atlanta, Georgia, where he lived with his parents. When he was three years old, his parents divorced, and he and his mother moved to Chicago, Illinois. His father was Ray West, a former Black Panther who was one of the first black photojournalists at The Atlanta Journal-Constitution, and is now a Christian counselor. West's mother, Dr. Donda West, was a Professor of English at Clark Atlanta University, and the Chair of the English Department at Chicago State University before retiring to serve as West's manager. He was raised in a middle-class background, attending Polaris High School in suburban Oak Lawn, Illinois after living in Chicago. When asked about his grades in high school, West replied, "I got A's and B's. And I'm not even frontin'".
West attended art classes at the American Academy of Art in Chicago, and also enrolled at Chicago State University, but dropped out to focus on his music career. While attending school, West produced for local artists. He later gained fame by producing hit singles for major hip hop/R&B artists, including Jay-Z, Talib Kweli, Cam'ron, Paul Wall, Common, Mobb Deep, Jermaine Dupri, Scarface, The Game, Alicia Keys, Janet Jackson, John Legend among others. He also "ghost-produced" for his mentor Deric Angelettie, according to his song "Last Call" and the credits of Nas' "Poppa Was a Playa".
1996–2003: Career beginnings
Kanye West's first career productions came on Chicago rapper Grav's 1996 debut album Down to Earth. West produced eight tracks on the album. While the album did not attract much attention and would be the only album released by Grav, West would soon be producing for higher profile artists. In 1998–1999 he produced for well-known artists such as Jermaine Dupri, Foxy Brown, Goodie Mob, and the group Harlem World.
West got his big break in the year 2000, when he began to produce for artists on Roc-a-Fella Records. He produced the well-received Jay-Z song "This Can't Be Life" off of the album The Dynasty: Roc La Familia. West would later state that to create the beat for "This Can't Be Life", he sped up the drum beat from Dr. Dre's song "Xxplosive".
After producing for Jay-Z earlier, West’s sound was featured heavily on Jay-Z's critically acclaimed album The Blueprint, released September 11, 2001. His work was featured on the lead single "Izzo (H.O.V.A.)," "Heart of the City (Ain't No Love)" and a diss track against Nas and Mobb Deep named "Takeover"; West has worked with Mobb Deep and Nas since the track's release.
After meeting great commercial success and critical acclaim for his productions on The Blueprint, West became a sought after producer in the hip-hop industry, even before he became known as a rapper and solo artist. In the years 2002–2003 he would produce for artists such as Nas, Scarface, Talib Kweli, Mos Def, T.I., Ludacris, DMX, and Monica. He also continued producing for Roc-a-Fella Records artists and contribued four tracks to Jay-Z's follow up album to The Blueprint, The Blueprint²: The Gift & the Curse.
After great successes as a producer, West now looked to pursue a career as a rapper and solo artist, but struggled to get a record deal. Chris Anokute, then A&R at Def Jam, said that when West regularly dropped by the office to pick up his producer checks he would play demos of solo material to Anokute in his cubicle and bemoan the fact that no one was taking him seriously as a rapper. Jay-Z admitted that Roc-A-Fella was initially reluctant to support West as a rapper, claiming that he saw him as a producer first and foremost. Multiple record companies felt he was not as marketable as rappers who portray the "street image" prominent in hip hop culture. Beginning his career as a rapper, Kanye West rapped a verse on Jay-Z's The Blueprint²: The Gift & the Curse, an album he produced for, from the same label he was signed to as a rapper.
2004–05: The College Dropout and Late Registration
On October 23, 2002, West was involved in a near fatal car crash while driving home from the recording studio. The crash provided inspiration for West's first single, "Through the Wire". West's faith is apparent in many of his songs, such as "Jesus Walks", which became a staple at his benefit performances, such as the Live 8 concert. These songs were featured on West's debut album, The College Dropout, which was released on Roc-A-Fella Records in February 2004, and went on to receive critical acclaim. The album also defined the style for which West would become known, including wordplay and sampling. The album was eventually certified triple platinum. Guest appearances included Jay-Z, Ludacris, GLC, Consequence, Talib Kweli, Mos Def, Common, and Syleena Johnson. The album also featured the singles, "All Falls Down" and "The New Workout Plan", as well as Twista's number one single, "Slow Jamz". During 2003 West also co-produced songs for British singer Javine Hylton, even appearing in the music video to Real Things playing the love interest of Javine.
West was involved in a financial dispute over Royce Da 5'9"'s song "Heartbeat", produced by West and released on Build & Destroy: The Lost Sessions. West maintains that Royce never paid for the beat, but recorded to it and released it; hearing him on the beat, the original customers decided not to buy it from West. After the disagreement, West vowed to never work with Royce again. Other Kanye West-produced hit singles during the period The College Dropout was released included "I Changed My Mind" by Keyshia Cole, "Overnight Celebrity" by Twista and "Talk About Our Love" by Brandy.
Taking a more eclectic route, West collaborated with American film score composer Jon Brion to construct his second album, Late Registration, which was released on August 30, 2005. Like its predecessor, the sophomore effort garnered universal acclaim from music critics. Late Registration topped countless critic polls and was revered as the best album of the year by numerous publications, including USA Today, Spin, and Time. Rolling Stone awarded the album the highest position on their end of the year record list and hailed it as a "sweepingly generous, absurdly virtuosic hip-hop classic." The record earned the number one spot on the Village Voice's Pazz & Jop critics' poll of 2005 for the second consecutive year. Late Registration was also a commercial success, selling over 860,000 copies in its first week alone and topping the Billboard 200. Grossing over 2.3 million units sold in the United States alone by year's end, Late Registration was considered by industry observers as the sole majorly successful album release of the fall of 2005, a season that was plagued by steadily declining CD sales. The second album earned eight Grammy Award nominations including Album of the Year and Record of the Year for the song "Gold Digger". The album is certified triple platinum.
On August 22, 2005, the MTV special All Eyes On Kanye West aired, in which West spoke out against homophobia in hip-hop. He claimed that hip-hop has always been about "speaking your mind and about breaking down barriers, but everyone in hip-hop discriminates against gay people." He then reflected on a personal experience. He said that he had a "turning point" when he realized one of his cousins was gay. He said regarding this experience: "This is my cousin. I love him and I've been discriminating against gays." He drew comparison between African Americans' struggle for civil rights and today's gay rights movement. The following year, in an interview with Entertainment Weekly, West further expounded his experiences with and views on the relationship between the black and gay communities.
In September 2005, West announced that he would release his Pastelle Clothing line in spring 2006: "Now that I have a Grammy under my belt and Late Registration is finished, I am ready to launch my clothing line next spring." In that year, West produced the hit singles "Go" by Common and "Dreams" by The Game.
2007–09: Graduation and 808s & Heartbreak
In 2007, it was announced that West would be starring in a series directed by Larry Charles. He has been working on the pilot episode for the past two years with Larry Charles and Rick Rubin. He also had this to say on January 14: "I wouldn't do something as cliché as a reality show. At least give me the credit for being more creative than that. It's a situational half-hour comedy. It's fictional, and loosely based on my life. " West also collaborated with Japanese hip-hop group Teriyaki Boyz to produce the single "I Still Love H.E.R.," a reference to Common's 1994 single "I Used to Love H.E.R.". Further to this, during a radio appearance in early 2007, West, like many of his peers, recorded an impromptu freestyle to the popular song "Throw Some D's." The song that to all other rappers was about automobile rims, was used by West to comically refer to D-cup breasts. Because of the unexpected success of the song, West went on to make a video for the freestyle, in which he is seen playing his 'Old Ass Cousin'.
West was also featured in a new song called "Classic (Better Than I've Ever Been)". It was believed to be a single for, Graduation, because he is featured on the track, but Nike quickly explained that it was for the Nike Air Force 1's anniversary. It was meant only to be an exclusive track for the company.
On March 25, 2007, he and his father Ray West supported World Water Day by having a "Walk for Water" rally. After a two-year break, West has returned to being a fashion columnist in lifestyle magazine Complex. On July 7, 2007, West performed with The Police and John Mayer at the American leg of Live Earth. West hosted the August 17 edition of British comedy- variety show The Friday Night Project.
In July 2007, West changed the release date of Graduation, his third album, from September 18, 2007, to the same release date as 50 Cent's album Curtis, September 11, 2007. 50 Cent later claimed that if Graduation were to sell more records than Curtis, he would stop releasing solo albums. However, 50 Cent would later dispel his comments. The album has been certified double platinum. Guest appearances included T-Pain, Mos Def, and Lil Wayne.
“ When I heard that thing about the debate, I thought that was the stupidest thing. When my albums drops and 50's album drops, you're gonna get a lot of good music at the same time. ”
On August 26, 2007, West appeared as himself on the HBO television show Entourage which he used as a platform to premier his new single "Good Life" during the end credits. On September 9, 2007, West performed at the 2007 MTV Video Music Awards, losing in every category he was nominated for; he gave an angry speech immediately afterward. (see "Controversies" section)
Following the MTV stint, West was nominated in eight Grammy Award categories for the 50th annual Grammy Awards. He won four of them, including Best Rap Album for Graduation and Best Rap Solo Performance for "Stronger" from Graduation. During the four-hour televised Grammy Awards ceremony, West also performed two songs: "Stronger" (with Daft Punk) and "Hey Mama" (in honor of his recently deceased mother).
West kicked off the Glow in the Dark Tour in Seattle at the Key Arena on April 16. The tour was originally scheduled to end in June in Cincinnati but was extended into August. Over the course of the tour West was joined by a varying group of opening acts, including Lupe Fiasco, Rihanna, N.E.R.D., DJ Craze, and Gnarls Barkley. On June 15, West was scheduled to perform a late night set at the Bonnaroo Music Festival. His performance started almost two hours late and ran for half of its alloted time, angering many fans in the audience. West later wrote an outraged entry on his blog, blaming the festival organizers as well as Pearl Jam's preceding set, which ran longer than expected.
On September 7, West debuted a new song "Love Lockdown" at the 2008 MTV Video Music Awards. "Love Lockdown" features no rapping and only singing using an auto-tune device. This song appears on West's fourth studio album, 808s & Heartbreak. The new album was expected to be released on December 16, but West announced on his blog on September 24, 2008, that he had finished the album and would be releasing it sometime in November, earlier than previously scheduled. In early October, West made a surprise appearance at a T.I. concert in Los Angeles, where he stated that 808s & Heartbreak was scheduled to be released on November 25, though it was actually released on the 24th, and that the second single is "Heartless". The album was another number one album for West, even though the first week numbers fell well short of Graduation with 450,145 sold.
West performed at the American Music Awards ceremony on November 23. That same night he won two AMA awards, including Favorite Rap/Hip-Hop Album for Graduation and Favorite Rap/Hip-Hop Male Artist. West performed at the Democratic National Convention in Denver in August 2008, along with Wyclef Jean and N.E.R.D. in support of Barack Obama. On January 20, 2009, Kanye West performed at the Youth Inaugural Ball hosted by MTV for Obama's inauguration.
On February 17, 2009, West was named one of Top 10 Most Stylish Men in America by GQ. The next day, February 18, 2009, West won International Male Solo Artist at The Brit Awards 2009. West was not in attendance but accepted his award with a video speech, saying "Barack is the 'Best Interracial Male' but I'm proud to be the Best International Male in the world.
In April 2009, Kanye West recorded a song called "Hurricane" with 30 Seconds to Mars to appear on their album This Is War, but was not released due to legal issues with both record companies. The song was eventually released on the deluxe version of This Is War, titled "Hurricane 2.0".
2010–present: My Beautiful Dark Twisted Fantasy and Watch the Throne
In May 2010, West made an animated television guest appearance on Fox's animated television series The Cleveland Show (a spin-off of Family Guy) as the voice behind "Kenny West", a rival of Cleveland Brown's son. In his first episode he performed in a rap battle with Cleveland's son. The producers stated working with West was a very good experience and a reason they chose him was because they knew he was a fan of Family Guy. Kenny West re-appeared in the season 2 premiere of The Cleveland Show.
West spent the first half of 2010 in Honolulu, Hawaii, working on his new album with the working title "Good Ass Job", later named My Beautiful Dark Twisted Fantasy, released on November 22, 2010. West has cited Maya Angelou, Gil Scott-Heron and Nina Simone as his musical inspirations for this album. Outside production is said to come from RZA, Q-Tip, Pete Rock, and DJ Premier. West also had Justin Vernon flown into his studio on Oahu after seemingly expressing interest in sampling one of Bon Iver's songs; Vernon proceeded to feature on a number of new tracks, including "Lost In The World," which features Vernon's vocal line from Woods.
On May 28, the Dwele-assisted first single from the album, entitled "Power", leaked to the Internet. On June 30, the track was officially released via iTunes. The upcoming music video was quoted as being "apocalyptic, in a very personal way" by the director Marco Brambilla.
On September 12, 2010, West performed a new song, "Runaway" featuring Pusha T, at the 2010 MTV Video Music Awards. Shortly after the performance, Kanye revealed he was working on a 35 minute short film based around the song. The movie is said to be influenced by film noir and concerns a fallen phoenix whom Kanye falls in love with. On October 15, 2010, Kanye West was ranked 3rd in BET's "Top Ten Rappers of the 21st Century" list.
Watch the Throne, a collaborative studio album by West and Jay-Z, was released by Def Jam Recordings on August 8, 2011. It has been under production since August 2010 as part of West's GOOD Friday initiative of releasing new songs every Friday between August 20 and Christmas 2010. West said through a recent interview with MTV that the album is "going to be very dark and sexy, like couture hip hop." He appeared at the Macy's Thanksgiving Day Parade, performing the track "Lost in the World" from My Beautiful Dark Twisted Fantasy. On January 6, 2011, Kanye announced via Twitter that the first official single from Watch the Throne would be a song called "H•A•M" produced by Lex Luger. The song was released on January 11, 2011. On January 23, 2011, Kanye revealed via his Twitter account that he will be releasing a new album in summer 2011. On April 17, 2011, West closed the Coachella Festival with a headlining set that received glowing praise from fans and critics alike. On July 13, the official tracklisting for Watch The Throne was revealed. On July 20, a track titled "Otis" from the album was released in the iTunes Store. It samples "Try a Little Tenderness" by Otis Redding.
In August 2008, West revealed plans to open 10 Fatburger restaurants in the Chicago area; the first was set to open in September 2008 in Orland Park. The second followed in January 2009, while a third location is yet to be revealed, although the process is being finalized. His company, KW Foods LLC, bought the rights to the chain in Chicago. Additionally, West planned to launch his fashion career, and applied for internships with major European fashion houses. He was due to release his own clothing line called Past Tell in 2009. He also collaborated with Nike to release his own shoe, Air Yeezys.
On January 22, 2009, during Paris Fashion Week, West introduced his first shoe line designed for Louis Vuitton. The line was released in summer 2009.
On October 01, 2011, Kanye West premiered his women's fashion label, DW Kanye West at Paris Fashion Week. He received support from DSquared2 duo Dean and Dan Caten, Olivier Theyskens, Jeremy Scott, Azzedine Alaïa, and the Olsen twins, who were also in attendance during his show. His debut fashion show received mixed-to-negative reviews, ranging from reserved observations by Style.com to excoriating commentary by The Wall Street Journal, the New York Times, the International Herald Tribune, Elleuk.com, The Daily Telegraph, Harper's Bazaar and many others.
West started the "Kanye West Foundation" in Chicago in 2003. On August 24, 2007, West hosted the inaugural benefit concert to launch the foundation's partnership with Strong American Schools. It is focused on helping Latino and African American children stay in school and to get a proper education through grade school, high school, and college. The foundation also helps children to stay in high school by finding a path through music. West has contributed over $500,000 to his foundation. The foundation has also been called the "Donda West Foundation".
Kanye West has appeared and participated in many fundraisers, benefit concerts, and has done community work for Hurricane Katrina relief, the Kanye West Foundation, the Millions More Movement, 100 Black Men of America, a Live Earth concert benefit, World Water Day rally and march, Nike runs, and a MTV special helping young Iraq War veterans who struggle through debt and PTSD a second chance after returning home.
Musical style and influences
At the start of his career, Kanye West's production style often used pitched-up vocal samples, usually from soul songs, with his own drums and instruments. His first major release featuring his trademark vocal sampling style was "This Can't Be Life", a track from Jay-Z’s The Dynasty: Roc La Familia. West said he sped up the drum beat of Dr. Dre's "Xxplosive" to use as a replacement for his drums on "This Can't Be Life".
West has said that Wu-Tang Clan producer RZA influenced him in his style, and has said on numerous occasions that Wu-Tang rappers Ghostface Killah and Ol' Dirty Bastard were some of his all-time favorites, "Wu-Tang? Me and my friends talk about this all the time... We think Wu-Tang had one of the biggest impacts as far as a movement. From slang to style of dress, skits, the samples. Similar to the [production] style I use, RZA has been doing that." RZA himself has spoken quite positively of the comparisons, stating in an interview for Rolling Stone, "All good. I got super respect for Kanye. He came up to me about a year or two ago. He gave me mad praising and blessings... For people to say Wu-Tang inspire Kanye, Kanye is one of the biggest artists in the world. That goes back to what we say: 'Wu-Tang is forever.' Kanye is going to inspire people to be like him." After hearing his work on The Blueprint, RZA claimed that a torch-passing had occurred between him and West, saying, "The shoes gotta be filled. If you ain't gonna do it, somebody else is gonna do it. That's how I feel about rap today."
While his use of sampling has lessened over time, West's production continues to feature distinctive and intricate string arrangements. This characteristic arose from him listening to the English trip hop group Portishead, whose 1998 live album Roseland NYC Live, with the New York Philharmonic Orchestra inspired him to incorporate string sections into his hip hop production. Though he was unable to afford live instruments beyond violin riffs provided by Israeli violinist Miri Ben-Ari around the time of his debut album, its subsequent commercial success allowed him to hire his very own eleven-piece string orchestra. For a time, West stood as the sole current pop star to tour with a string section.
West has stated on several occasions that outside of work, he favors listening to rock music over hip-hop. He cites Franz Ferdinand, Red Hot Chili Peppers, and The Killers as some of his favorite musical groups. Additionally, on Graduation, West drew inspiration from arena rock bands such as U2, The Rolling Stones and Led Zeppelin for melody and chord progression. Both a fan and supporter of indie culture, West uses his official website to promote obscure indie rock bands, posting up music videos and mp3s on a daily basis. This musical affinity is mutual, as West has collaborated with indie artists such as Santigold, Peter Bjorn and John and Lykke Li while his songs have gone on to be covered countless times by myriad rock bands.
Kanye West and designer Alexis Phifer ended their 18-month engagement in 2008. The couple had been dating on and off since 2002, with West eventually proposing in August 2006. According to a friend, the couple's relationship had become increasingly strained, burdened by the sheer amount of time and attention West was dedicating to his current concert tour. "It's always sad when things like this end, and we remain friends," Phifer told People.
West was also in a high profile on/off relationship with Amber Rose from 2008 until the summer of 2010.
On November 10, 2007, West's mother, Donda West, died of complications from cosmetic surgery involving abdominoplasty and breast augmentation. TMZ reported that Beverly Hills plastic surgeon Andre Aboolian refused to do the surgery because Donda West had a health condition that placed her at risk for a heart attack. Aboolian referred her to an internist to investigate her cardiac issue. Donda never met with the doctor recommended by Aboolian and had the procedures performed by a third doctor, Jan Adams. She was 58 years old (1949–2007).
Adams sent condolences to Donda West's family but declined to publicly discuss the procedure because of confidentiality. He had previously been under scrutiny by the medical board. Adams appeared on Larry King Live on November 20, 2007 but left before speaking. Two days later, he appeared again, with his attorney, stating he was there to "defend himself." He said that the recently released autopsy results "spoke for themselves". The final coroner's report January 10, 2008 concluded that Donda West died of "coronary artery disease and multiple post-operative factors due to or as a consequence of liposuction and mammoplasty."
The funeral and burial for Donda West was held in Oklahoma City on November 20, 2007. West held his first concert following the funeral at The O2 in London on November 22. He dedicated a performance of "Hey Mama", as well as a cover of Journey's "Don't Stop Believin'", to his mother, and did so on all other dates of his Glow in the Dark tour.
At a December 2008 press conference in New Zealand, West spoke about his mother's death for the first time. "It was like losing an arm and a leg and trying to walk through that," he told reporters.
In December 2006, Robert "Evel" Knievel sued West for trademark infringement in West's video for "Touch the Sky." Knievel took issue with a "sexually-charged video" in which West takes on the persona of "Evel Kanyevel" and attempts flying a rocket over a canyon. The suit filed in federal court claims infringement on his trademarked name and likeness. Knievel also claims the "vulgar and offensive" images depicted in the video damage his reputation. The suit seeks damages and to stop distribution of the video. West's attorneys argued that the music video amounted to satire and therefore was covered under the First Amendment. Just days before his death in November 2007, Knievel amicably settled the suit after being paid a visit from West, saying, "I thought he was a wonderful guy and quite a gentleman."
On September 11, 2008, West and his road manager/bodyguard Don "Don C." Crowley were arrested at Los Angeles International Airport and booked on charges of felony vandalism after an altercation with the paparazzi in which West and Crowley broke the photographers' cameras. West was later released from the Los Angeles Police Department's Pacific Division station in Culver City on $20,000 bail bond. On September 26, 2008 the Los Angeles County District Attorney's Office said it would not file felony counts against West over the incident. Instead the case file was forwarded to the city attorney's office, which charged West with one count of misdemeanor vandalism, one count of grand theft and one count of battery and his manager with three counts of each on March 18, 2009. West's and Crowley's arraignment was delayed from an original date of April 14, 2009.
West was arrested again on November 14, 2008 at a hotel near Gateshead after another scuffle involving a photographer outside a nightclub in Newcastle Upon Tyne. He was later released "with no further action", according to a police spokesperson.
West has had several controversies throughout his career. On September 2, 2005, during a benefit concert for Hurricane Katrina relief on NBC, A Concert for Hurricane Relief, West was a featured speaker. When West was presenting alongside actor Mike Myers, he deviated from the prepared script. Myers spoke next and continued to read the script. Once it was West's turn to speak again, he said "George Bush doesn't care about black people." At this point, telethon producer Rick Kaplan cut off the microphone and then cut away to Chris Tucker, who was unaware of the cut for a few seconds. Still, West's comment reached much of the United States. Bush stated in an interview that the comment was "one of the most disgusting moments” of his presidency.
In January 2006, West again sparked controversy when he appeared on the cover of Rolling Stone in the image of Jesus wearing a crown of thorns.
In November, 2010, Kanye West, in a taped interview with Matt Lauer for the Today Show, West expressed regret for his criticism of Bush. "I would tell George Bush in my moment of frustration, I didn't have the grounds to call him a racist," he told Lauer. "I believe that in a situation of high emotion like that we as human beings don't always choose the right words." The following day, Bush reacted to the apology in a live interview with Lauer saying he appreciated the rapper's remorse. "I'm not a hater," Bush said. "I don't hate Kanye West. I was talking about an environment in which people were willing to say things that hurt. Nobody wants to be called a racist if in your heart you believe in equality of races."
Reactions were mixed, but some felt that West had no need to apologize. "It was not the particulars of your words that mattered, it was the essence of a feeling of the insensitivity towards our communities that many of us have felt for far too long," noted Def Jam co-founder Russell Simmons. Dr. Boyce Watkins said that West was, "now part of the establishment, where waffling on your principles is fully expected. Bush deserved no apology, for you don’t apologize to a criminal after repudiating him for an egregious crime. " Bush himself was acceptive towards the apology, saying, "I appreciate that. It wasn't just Kanye West who was talking like that during Katrina, I cited him as an example, I cited others as an example as well. You know, I appreciate that."
In 2004, West had his first of a number of incidents involving music award events. At the American Music Awards of 2004, West stormed out of the auditorium after losing Best New Artist to country singer Gretchen Wilson. He later commented, "I felt like I was definitely robbed [...] I was the best new artist this year." After the 2006 Grammy nominations were released, West said he would "really have a problem" if he did not win the Album of the Year, saying, "I don't care what I do, I don't care how much I stunt – you can never take away from the amount of work I put into it. I don't want to hear all of that politically correct stuff." On November 2, 2006, when his "Touch the Sky" failed to win Best Video at the MTV Europe Music Awards, West went onto the stage as the award was being presented to Justice and Simian for "We Are Your Friends" and argued that he should have won the award instead. Hundreds of news outlets worldwide criticized the outburst. On November 7, 2006, West apologized for this outburst publicly during his performance as support act for U2 for their Vertigo concert in Brisbane. He later spoofed the incident in the season premiere of Saturday Night Live.
On September 9, 2007, West suggested that his race had to do with his being overlooked for opening the 2007 MTV Video Music Awards (VMAs) in favor of Britney Spears; he claimed, "Maybe my skin’s not right." West was performing at the event; that night, he lost all 5 awards that he was nominated for, including Best Male Artist and Video of the Year. After the show, he was visibly upset that he had lost at the VMAs two years in a row, stating that he would not come back to MTV ever again. He also appeared on several radio stations saying that when he made the song "Stronger" that it was his dream to open the VMAs with it. He has also stated that Spears has not had a hit in a long period of time and that MTV exploited her for ratings.
On September 13, 2009, during the 2009 MTV Video Music Awards while Taylor Swift was accepting her award for Best Female Video for "You Belong with Me", West went on stage and grabbed the microphone to proclaim that Beyoncé's video for "Single Ladies (Put a Ring on It)", nominated for the same award, was "one of the best videos of all time". He was subsequently removed from the remainder of the show for his actions. When Beyoncé later won the award for Best Video of the Year for "Single Ladies (Put a Ring on It)", she called Swift up on stage so that she could finish her acceptance speech. West was criticized by various celebrities for the outburst, and by President Barack Obama, who called West a "jackass" in an off the record comment. In addition, West's VMA disruption sparked a large influx of Internet photo memes with blogs, forums and "tweets" with the "Let you finish" photo-jokes. Subsequently, West posted two apologies for the outburst on his personal blog; one on the night of the incident and the other the same day he appeared on The Jay Leno Show, on September 14, 2009, where he apologized again. After Swift appeared on The View two days after the outburst, partly to discuss the matter, West called her to apologize personally. Swift said she accepted his apology. In September 2010, West wrote a series of apologetic tweets addressed to Swift including "Beyonce didn't need that. MTV didn't need that and Taylor and her family friends and fans definitely didn't want or need that" and concluding with "I'm sorry Taylor." West also revealed he had written a song for Swift and if she did not accept the song, he would perform it himself. However, on November 8, 2010, in an interview with a Minnesota radio station, West seemed to recant a bit of his past apologies by attempting to describe the act at the 2009 awards show as "selfless" and downgrade the perception of disrespect it created.
- The College Dropout (2004)
- Late Registration (2005)
- Graduation (2007)
- 808s & Heartbreak (2008)
- My Beautiful Dark Twisted Fantasy (2010)
- Watch the Throne (2011) – with Jay-Z
- G.O.O.D. Music (2012) – with GOOD Music artists
- We Were Once a Fairytale (2009)
- Runaway (2010)
Awards and nominations
- ^ "Kanye facts!". UK: Channel 4. August 17, 2007. http://www.channel4.com/music/features/K/kanyefacts.html. Retrieved April 26, 2008.
- ^ a b c Scaggs, Austin (September 20, 2007). "Kanye West: A Genius In Praise of Himself". Rolling Stone. RealNetworks, Inc. http://www.rollingstone.com/news/story/16257550/kanye_west_a_genius_in_praise_of_himself/print. Retrieved September 26, 2007. [dead link]
- ^ "Kanye West". Metacritic. http://www.metacritic.com/search/process?sort=relevance&ts=kanye+west. Retrieved April 24, 2008.
- ^ "2005 Grammy Award Winners". CBS News. February 14, 2005. http://www.cbsnews.com/stories/2005/02/14/in_depth_showbiz/main673822.shtml. Retrieved April 24, 2008.
- ^ "List of Grammy winners". CNN. http://www.cnn.com/2006/SHOWBIZ/Music/02/09/grammys.list/index.html. Retrieved April 24, 2008.
- ^ a b "50th Annual Grammy Awards Winners List". Grammy Awards. Archived from the original on April 4, 2008. http://web.archive.org/web/20080404005333/http://www.grammy.com/GRAMMY_Awards/50th_show/list.aspx. Retrieved April 24, 2008.
- ^ http://www.billboard.com/#/charts/billboard-200?chartDate=2010-12-11
- ^ "Week Ending May 8, 2011. Songs: Rolling In The Dough – Yahoo! Chart Watch". new.music.yahoo.com. May 11, 2011. http://new.music.yahoo.com/blogs/chart_watch/74363/week-ending-may-8-2011-songs-rolling-in-the-dough/;_ylt=A0SO0pM6ScxNTs4AZBQPwiUv. Retrieved May 12, 2011.
- ^ "Week Ending July 3, 2011. Songs: Sons Of A Legend - Chart Watch". New.music.yahoo.com. 2011-07-06. http://new.music.yahoo.com/blogs/chart_watch/74385/week-ending-july-3-2011-songs-sons-of-a-legend/;_ylt=AiiLt2CITScuJC_I4Ps6KHAPwiUv. Retrieved 2011-07-17.
- ^ "Top Digital Artists of the Decade". Billboard. http://www.billboard.com/#/charts-decade-end/digital-songs-artists?year=2009. Retrieved May 13, 2011.
- ^ "Week Ending June 19, 2011. Bad Teenage Dreams - Chart Watch". New.music.yahoo.com. 2011-06-22. http://new.music.yahoo.com/blogs/chart_watch/74378/week-ending-june-22-2011-bad-teenage-dreams/;_ylt=AiiLt2CITScuJC_I4Ps6KHAPwiUv. Retrieved 2011-07-17.
- ^ http://www.businesswire.com/news/home/20110106006565/en/Nielsen-Company-Billboard%E2%80%99s-2010-Music-Industry-Report>
- ^ "GOOD Music". GOOD Music. http://www.gettingoutourdreams.com/. Retrieved April 24, 2008.
- ^ Daly, Sean (December 26, 2004). "From Beyonce to Bono to Bruce, Busy B's Held Sway in Pop". The Washington Post. http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/articles/A24383-2004Dec24.html. Retrieved April 24, 2008.
- ^ Henry Adaso; Ivan Rott, Renato P., Bhaskar S., Henry A.. "Top 50 Hip-Hop Producers". About.com. p. 8. http://rap.about.com/od/toppicks/ss/Top50Producers_8.htm. Retrieved 2011-07-17.
- ^ Reid, Shaheem (May 16, 2008). "'Hottest MCs In The Game': No.1 Kanye West". Mtv. http://www.mtv.com/news/articles/1587618/20080516/west_kanye.jhtml. Retrieved July 18, 2009.
- ^ Clem Rusty (December, 19, 2010). "Kanye west voted as the man of the year.". http://www.mtv.com/videos/news/607312/man-of-the-year-kanye-west.jhtml#id=1654060.
- ^ "Top Producers of the decade.". May, 21, 2011. http://realtalkny.uproxx.com/2009/12/topic/topic/news/billboards-top-10-producers-of-the-decade/.
- ^ "Forbes Profile: Kanye West". Forbes. http://www.forbes.com/profile/kanye-west. Retrieved 2011-06-03.
- ^ "Kanye West Coming To Redbird.". Pantagraph. March 8, 2006. http://www.highbeam.com/doc/1G1-142980674.html. Retrieved April 26, 2008. [dead link]
- ^ a b Christian, Margena A. (May 14, 2007). "Dr. Donda West tells how she shaped son to be a leader in 'Raising Kanye'". Jet. http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m1355/is_19_111/ai_n19206336. Retrieved August 19, 2007.
- ^ Davis, Kimberly (2004). "The Many Faces of Kanye West". Ebony. http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m1077/is_8_59/ai_n6047908. Retrieved July 19, 2007.
- ^ a b "Why You Can't Ignore Kanye". Time. August 21, 2005. http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,1096499,00.html. Retrieved June 7, 2007.
- ^ Moss, Corey (December 5, 2005). "College Dropout Kanye Tells High School Students Not To Follow In His Footsteps". MTV. http://www.mtv.com/news/articles/1517484/20051205/west_kanye.jhtml. Retrieved July 28, 2006.
- ^ a b "Kanye West Trumpets Education in TV Spot". San Francisco Chronicle. Archived from the original on August 4, 2008. http://web.archive.org/web/20080804232028/http://www.sfgate.com/cgi-bin/article.cgi?f=/n/a/2007/08/24/entertainment/e135410D82.DTL. Retrieved April 24, 2008.
- ^ a b c "Artist: Kanye West Album: The College Dropout Song: Last Call". The Original Hip-Hop Lyrics Archive. http://www.ohhla.com/anonymous/kan_west/college/lastcall.wst.txt. Retrieved June 7, 2007.
- ^ a b c Burrell, Ian (September 22, 2007). "Kanye West: King of rap". The Independent (UK). http://www.independent.co.uk/news/people/kanye-west-king-of-rap-403127.html. Retrieved April 26, 2008.
- ^ "Interview With Chris Anokute". HitQuarters. Oct 18, 2010. http://www.hitquarters.com/index.php3?page=intrview/opar/intrview_Chris_Anokute_Interview.html. Retrieved Oct 25, 2010.
- ^ "Kanye west: the man, the music, and the message.(Biography)". The Black Collegian. October 1, 2007. http://www.accessmylibrary.com/coms2/summary_0286-33426663_ITM. Retrieved April 27, 2008.
- ^ a b c Birchmeier, Jason (2007). "Kanye West — Biography". allmusic. http://www.allmusic.com/artist/p353484. Retrieved April 24, 2008.
- ^ "Grand Kanye". Calgary Sun. http://www.calgarysun.com/cgi-bin/publish.cgi?p=92360&x=articles&s=showbiz. Retrieved April 24, 2008. [dead link]
- ^ "Kanye West Speaks Through The Wire". HipHopSite. Archived from the original on September 15, 2007. http://web.archive.org/web/20070915010416/http://www.hiphopsite.com/NEWS/interviews.hhs?news_id=FEA3B39B-C571-4ACB-A096-6600549EA18B. Retrieved June 7, 2007.
- ^ Perez, Rodrigo (August 12, 2005). "Kanye's Co-Pilot, Jon Brion, Talks About The Making Of Late Registration". MTV. http://www.mtv.com/news/articles/1507538/20050812/west_kanye.jhtml. Retrieved March 2, 2006.
- ^ "Late Registration". Metacritic. CBS Interactive Inc. September 4, 2005. http://www.metacritic.com/music/artists/westkanye/lateregistration. Retrieved September 4, 2005.
- ^ Tyrangiel, Josh (December 16, 2005). "Best of 2005: Music". Time magazine (Time, Inc). http://www.time.com/time/arts/article/0,8599,1142059,00.html. Retrieved March 14, 2006.
- ^ Hermes, Will (December 31, 2005). "The 40 Best Albums of 2005". Spin. Spin Media, LLC. http://www.spin.com/articles/40-best-albums-2005?page=0%2C3. Retrieved April 26, 2008.
- ^ "1. Kanye West". Rolling Stone. RealNetworks, Inc. December 15, 2005. http://www.rollingstone.com/news/story/8957147/1_kanye_west. Retrieved September 16, 2007. [dead link]
- ^ Christgau, Robert (January 24, 2006). "New York Pazz and Jop Dean's List". Village Voice. Village Voice Media Holdings, LLC. http://www.villagevoice.com/2006-01-24/pazzandjop/dean-s-list. Retrieved May 22, 2007.
- ^ "Kanye West Blows Up". Rolling Stone. http://www.rollingstone.com/news/story/7606082/kanye_west_blows_up. Retrieved April 24, 2008. [dead link]
- ^ Knopper, Steve (November 15, 2005). "Kanye Couldn't Save Fall". Rolling Stone. RealNetworks, Inc. http://www.rollingstone.com/news/story/8829100/kanye_couldnt_save_fall. Retrieved November 27, 2005. [dead link]
- ^ Robinson, Eugene (February 10, 2006). "Lessons Taught by Grammy". Washington Post. http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2006/02/09/AR2006020901436_pf.html. Retrieved April 26, 2008.
- ^ "RIAA – Gold & Platinum". Recording Industry Association of America. Nielsen Business Media Inc. December 12, 2008. http://www.riaa.com/goldandplatinumdata.php?resultpage=1&table=SEARCH_RESULTS&action=&title=&artist=kanye&format=ALBUM&debutLP=&category=&sex=&releaseDate=&requestNo=&type=&level=&label=&company=&certificationDate=&awardDescription=&catalogNo=&aSex=&rec_id=&charField=&gold=&platinum=&multiPlat=&level2=&certDate=&album=&id=&after=&before=&startMonth=1&endMonth=1&startYear=1958&endYear=2009&sort=Artist&perPage=25. Retrieved December 12, 2008.
- ^ "Column: More than just a rapper". GW Hatchet. http://media.www.gwhatchet.com/media/storage/paper332/news/2005/09/08/Opinions/Column.More.Than.Just.A.Rapper-978469.shtml. Retrieved April 24, 2008.
- ^ "Kanye West". Entertainment Weekly. October 2007.
- ^ "Stuff Style Icon of the Year". Stuff (magazine). Archived from the original on September 29, 2007. http://web.archive.org/web/20070929131853/http://www.stuffmagazine.com/articles/index.aspx?id=1171. Retrieved June 7, 2007.
- ^ "New CDs: Kanye, Clapton". Rolling Stone. http://www.rollingstone.com/artists/okgo/articles/story/7593141/new_cds_kanye_clapton. Retrieved April 24, 2008. [dead link]
- ^ "Update On Kanye's TV Show". kanYe Talk. Archived from the original on May 1, 2008. http://web.archive.org/web/20080501110306/http://www.kanyelive.com/news/31.html. Retrieved June 7, 2007.
- ^ "Kanye West Loves Rolling Stone. Sort of.". Rolling Stone. http://www.rollingstone.com/rockdaily/index.php/2007/05/29/kanye-west-loves-rolling-stone-sort-of/. Retrieved April 24, 2008. [dead link]
- ^ "Nas, KRS-1, Kanye & Rakim Lend Verses In Honor Of Nike Air Force 1". Sound Slam. http://soundslam.com/articles/news/news.php?news=070215_af1ann. Retrieved April 24, 2008.
- ^ "Kanye and Ray West Walk For Water". kanYe Talk. Archived from the original on May 1, 2008. http://web.archive.org/web/20080501110309/http://www.kanyelive.com/news/74.html. Retrieved June 7, 2007.
- ^ "Kanye West — Fashion Columnist". kanYe Live. http://www.kanyelive.com/kanye-west-fashion-columnist-76.html. Retrieved March 19, 2009. [dead link]
- ^ "Police, Pumpkins, PSAs: Live Earth New York, Onstage and Backstage". Rolling Stone. July 8, 2007. http://www.rollingstone.com/music/news/police-pumpkins-psas-live-earth-new-york-onstage-and-backstage-20070708. Retrieved April 26, 2008.
- ^ "LISTINGS INFORMATION : WEEK 33". Channel 4. http://press.channel4.com/listings/live/C4/live/2007_33/index.htm. Retrieved April 24, 2008.
- ^ "Kanye Competes With 50, Album Pushed Back To September 11". Def Sounds. Archived from the original on April 21, 2008. http://web.archive.org/web/20080421163247/http://www.defsounds.com/news/view/2106-kanye-competes-with-5-album-pushed-back-to-september-11th.html. Retrieved April 24, 2008.
- ^ "50 Cent Explains Last Week's Blowup, Says 'I Will Be No.1 On September 11'". MTV News. http://www.mtv.com/news/articles/1567100/20070814/50_cent.jhtml. Retrieved April 24, 2008.
- ^ "Kanye West Massacres 50 Cent In Sales Race!!!!". Hip Hop DX. http://www.hiphopdx.com/index/news/id.5721/title.kanye-west-massacres-50-cent-in-sales-race. Retrieved April 24, 2008.
- ^ "Kanye West Declines Debate With 50 Cent, Calls It 'Stupid'". Baller Status. Archived from the original on April 9, 2008. http://web.archive.org/web/20080409133340/http://www.ballerstatus.com/article/news/2007/08/2936/. Retrieved April 24, 2008.
- ^ "Leading Nominees Kanye West and Amy Winehouse Added as Performers for 50th Annual GRAMMY(R) Awards". Forbes. http://www.forbes.com/businesswire/feeds/businesswire/2008/02/08/businesswire20080208005461r1.html. Retrieved April 24, 2008. [dead link]
- ^ Leeds, Jeff (February 11, 2008). "Amy Winehouse Wins Big at Grammy Awards". The New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/2008/02/11/arts/music/11gram.html?ex=1360472400%20&%20ei=5088%20&%20en=17d2597cd353b41c%20&%20partner=rssnyt%20&%20emc=rss&pagewanted=all. Retrieved April 24, 2008.
- ^ HipHopDX.com – Hip Hop Album Sales. HipHopDX.com. Retrieved December 3, 2008.
- ^ Alicia Keys, Kanye West to Rock AMA Stage" TV Guide. October 20, 2008. Retrieved on October 24, 2008.
- ^ "The 10 Most Stylish Men in America". New York Daily News. February 17, 2009. http://www.nydailynews.com/lifestyle/fashion/galleries/justin_timberlake_gq_magazine_10_most_stylish_men_in_america/justin_timberlake_gq_magazine_10_most_stylish_men_in_america.html#ph2. Retrieved February 17, 2009.
- ^ "Kanye West wins International Male Solo Artist BRIT | News". NME. UK. February 18, 2009. http://www.nme.com/news/brit-awards-2008/42880. Retrieved March 15, 2009.
- ^ James Montgomery (April 15, 2009). "Kanye West Working With 30 Seconds To Mars On New Album". http://www.mtv.com/news/articles/1609314/20090415/west_kanye.jhtml. Retrieved April 17, 2009.
- ^ Chris Harris (April 20, 2009). "30STM’s Jared Leto on Working With Kanye West". Rolling Stone. http://www.rollingstone.com/music/news/30stms-jared-leto-on-working-with-kanye-west-its-slightly-more-than-unexpected-20090420. Retrieved April 30, 2009.
- ^ "Thirty Seconds To Mars "Hurricane" feat. Kanye West + 2011 tour dates". Band Weblogs. November 24, 2010. http://bandweblogs.com/blog/2010/11/24/thirty-seconds-to-mars-hurricane-feat-kanye-west-2011-tour-dates/. Retrieved April 3, 2011.
- ^ "Kanye West's Flow is comedy gold on "The Cleveland Show"". Fox Flash. http://www.foxflash.com/div.php/main/page?aID=1z2z2z252z1z8&ID=4803. Retrieved March 20, 2009.
- ^ Jocelyn Vena (March 17, 2009). Kanye West Gets Animated In 'Family Guy' Spinoff MTV.com. Retrieved March 17, 2009.
- ^ Twitter / @Kanye West: L.A. Reid who's doing a great job at Def Jam. We gone Kill it again on November 22!!!!!!!!!! Even with the leaks fam.
- ^ Evan Nabavian (April 6, 2010). Kanye West Taps Q-Tip, RZA, Pete Rock For New Album Billboard.com. Retrieved April 6, 2010.
- ^ "Rumors : Hip-Hop Rumors:Old School Biggie Rumors! Kanye West and Pete Rock? Alfamega Disses T.I.!". Allhiphop.com. http://allhiphop.com/stories/rumors/archive/2010/03/09/22143721.aspx. Retrieved September 5, 2010.
- ^ "Kanye West's new album to feature Beyonce and Bon Iver collaborations?". NME. UK. August 11, 2010. http://www.nme.com/news/kanye-west/52447. Retrieved Aug. 16, 2010.
- ^ "Billboard Bits: Kanye's 'Power' Video Is 'Apocalyptic,' Gaga-Winehouse Collabo Just a Dream". Billboard. http://www.billboard.com/#/news/billboard-bits-kanye-s-power-video-is-apocalyptic-1004106808.story?tag=nextart. Retrieved 2011-07-17.
- ^ Wete, Brad (September 12, 2010). "Kanye West admits he's a douchebag, debuts 'Runaway' to close VMAs". Entertainment Weekly. http://music-mix.ew.com/2010/09/12/kanye-west-performs-runaway-vmas/. Retrieved September 13, 2010.
- ^ "Kanye West Reveals More Details About 'Runaway' Film". MTV. September 17, 2010. http://www.mtv.com/news/articles/1647861/20100915/west_kanye.jhtml.
- ^ "The grape juice showing BET's list". Thatgrapejuice.net. 2010-10-17. http://thatgrapejuice.net/2010/10/bet-names-top-10-rappers-21st-century/. Retrieved 2011-07-17.
- ^ Dombal, Ryan (October 25, 2010). "Kanye West and Jay-Z Planning Joint Album". Pitchfork Media. http://pitchfork.com/news/40504-kanye-west-and-jay-z-planning-joint-album/. Retrieved October 26, 2010.
- ^ Markman, Rob (4 July 2011). "Jay-Z And Kanye West's Watch The Throne Ready For Pre-Order". MTV News. http://rapfix.mtv.com/2011/07/04/jay-z-and-kanye-wests-watch-the-throne-ready-for-pre-order/. Retrieved 4 July 2011.
- ^ a b August 28, 2010. Kanye West & Jay-Z Said To Release Five-Song EP, "Watch The Throne".
- ^ Kaufman, Gil (August 23, 2010). "Kanye West Promises New Song Every Week Through Christmas – Music, Celebrity, Artist News". MTV. http://www.mtv.com/news/articles/1646259/20100823/west_kanye.jhtml. Retrieved April 3, 2011.
- ^ August 27, 2010. Kanye West Drops 'Monster' Single With Jay-Z, Nicki Minaj
- ^ Kanye West Performs Rousing 'Lost In The World' At Thanksgiving Day Parade . MTV News. Retrieved on December 6, 2010.
- ^ 1.11.11 . Twitter. Retrieved on January 7, 2011.
- ^ "Twitter / Kanye West: MY NEW ALBUM COMING THIS SUMMER". Twitter. http://twitter.com/kanyewest/statuses/29284317922336768. Retrieved April 3, 2011.
- ^ Kanye Tears Down Coachella Stage, Fans React. MTV News. April 18, 2010. Retrieved April 21, 2010.
- ^ Kanye West Coachella Performance 'One Of The Greatest Ever'. Gigwise. April 19, 2010. Retrieved April 21, 2010
- ^ Joseph, Matt (2011-07-12). "Watch The Throne Tracklist". Wegotthiscovered.com. http://wegotthiscovered.com/music/kanye-west-jayzs-watch-throne-tracklist/. Retrieved 2011-07-17.
- ^ Meadows-Ingram, Benjamin (July 24, 2011). "'Watch The Throne': Otis Redding's Daughter Talks 'Otis' Track". Billboard. http://www.billboard.com/news/watch-the-throne-otis-redding-s-daughter-1005290172.story. Retrieved July 24, 2011.
- ^ a b "Tweet 126770388121292800". Twitter. October 19, 2011. http://twitter.com/#!/kanyewest/status/126770388121292800.
- ^ Kanye West To Open Chain Of Fatburger Restaurants In Chicago BallerStatus.com.[dead link]
- ^ Kanye West To Study Fashion! The Hot Hits.com.
- ^ Kanye West - Spring/Summer 2012 ready-to-wear show - The Internet Fashion Database Retrieved and verified on 2011-10-02
- ^ Odell, Amy (2011-08-17). "What Kanye West Got Right and Wrong With His First Paris Fashion Week Show - The Cut". Nymag.com. http://nymag.com/daily/fashion/2011/10/what_kanye_west_got_right_and.html. Retrieved 2011-10-05.
- ^ Daisy Dumas. "Kanye West's fashion show fail: Rapper's debut line slated by critics | Mail Online". Dailymail.co.uk. http://www.dailymail.co.uk/femail/article-2045356/Kanye-Wests-fashion-fail-Rappers-debut-line-slated-critics.html?ito=feeds-newsxml. Retrieved 2011-10-05.
- ^ post a comment › (2011-10-01). "Kanye West Spring 2012 Ready-to-Wear Collection on Style.com: Runway Review". Style.com. http://www.style.com/fashionshows/review/S2012RTW-KWEST. Retrieved 2011-10-05.
- ^ Binkley, Christina (2011-10-01). "Kanye West Shows Debut Collection at Paris Fashion Week - Heard on the Runway - WSJ". Blogs.wsj.com. http://blogs.wsj.com/runway/2011/10/01/good-thing-kanye-west-has-a-day-job/. Retrieved 2011-10-05.
- ^ Wilson, Eric (2011-10-01). "Kanye West Show, Shrouded in Silence, Creates a Scene - NYTimes.com". Runway.blogs.nytimes.com. http://runway.blogs.nytimes.com/2011/10/01/kanye-west-show-shrouded-in-silence-creates-a-scene/. Retrieved 2011-10-05.
- ^ "Here's proof that Kanye can't cut it on the catwalk | Music". The Guardian. http://www.guardian.co.uk/music/2011/oct/03/kanye-west-fashion-designer-paris?newsfeed=true. Retrieved 2011-10-05.
- ^ October 05, 2011 12:00AM. "Critics go over the top as Kanye's fashion is a flop". Herald Sun. http://www.heraldsun.com.au/entertainment/confidential/critics-go-over-the-top-as-kanyes-fashion-is-a-flop/story-e6frf96x-1226158397731. Retrieved 2011-10-05.
- ^ "Kanye's Paris Fashion Week debut gets mixed reviews – The Marquee Blog - CNN.com Blogs". Marquee.blogs.cnn.com. http://marquee.blogs.cnn.com/2011/10/03/kanyes-paris-fashion-week-debut-gets-mixed-reviews/. Retrieved 2011-10-05.
- ^ Stelter, Brian (July 28, 2008). "In 'Homecoming' MTV Focuses On Iraq Veterans". The New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/2008/07/28/arts/television/28mtv.html?partner=rssuserland&emc=rss&pagewanted=all. Retrieved April 3, 2011.
- ^ "Black History — Biographies — Kanye West". Thomson Gale. http://www.gale.com/free_resources/bhm/bio/west_k.htm. Retrieved August 7, 2006.
- ^ "Kanye, Run-DMC, Outkast, Justin Sound Off On Our Top 10 Hip-Hop Groups". MTV. http://www.mtv.com/news/articles/1553911/20070305/west_kanye.jhtml. Retrieved June 7, 2007.
- ^ a b Dukes, Rahman; Reid, Shaheem (January 19, 2009). "The Clipse Hint At Kanye West Collabo: Mixtape Monday". Rolling Stone. RealNetworks, Inc. http://www.mtv.com/news/articles/1602920/20090116/story.jhtml. Retrieved January 19, 2009.
- ^ Crosley, Hillary (September 15, 2007). "Graduation". Billboard. Archived from the original on October 14, 2007. http://web.archive.org/web/20071014192400/http://billboard.com/bbcom/content_display/reviews/albums/e3ibe8ec7c980d6765c46225c438690a813. Retrieved September 15, 2007.
- ^ West, Kanye (July 1, 2009). "Dirty Projectors "Stillness is the Move"". Kanye West Blog. Kanye West/Mascotte Holdings, LLC. http://www.kanyeuniversecity.com/blog/?em3106=235958_-1__0_~-1_-1_05_2008_0_0&em3298=&em3282=&em3281=&em3161=. Retrieved July 1, 2009.
- ^ West, Kanye (August 15, 2009). "The Fray – "Heartless"". Kanye West Blog. Kanye West/Mascotte Holdings, LLC. http://www.kanyeuniversecity.com/blog/?em3106=238431_-1__0_~0_-1_8_2009_0_0&em3298=&em3282=&em3281=&em3161=. Retrieved August 15, 2009.
- ^ "Kanye West's Ex-Fiancee Alexis Phifer Talks About Breakup". MTV News. April 21, 2008. http://www.mtv.com/news/articles/1585980/20080421/west_kanye.jhtml. Retrieved September 18, 2009.
- ^ a b c d "Fire Dept. Called to Donda West's Home". TMZ.com. http://www.tmz.com/2007/11/12/911-responded-in-donda-west-case/. Retrieved April 24, 2008.
- ^ "Donda West's Doctor Expresses 'Condolences'". People. http://www.people.com/people/article/0,,20159928,00.html?xid=rss-fullcontentcnn. Retrieved April 24, 2008.
- ^ "Donda West's surgeon faced malpractice suits, records show". CNN. November 13, 2007. http://www.cnn.com/2007/US/11/13/west.surgeon/index.html#cnnSTCText. Retrieved April 24, 2008.
- ^ "Focus of Kanye West Mom's Death Shifts to Doctor". People. http://www.people.com/people/article/0,,20159824,00.html?xid=rss-fullcontentcnn. Retrieved April 24, 2008.
- ^ "CELEBTV.COM DOCUMENT: WEST DOC’S MEDICAL LICENSE QUESTIONED". Celeb TV. http://www.celebtv.com/Headlines.aspx?NewsGuid=8b002218-ccc7-4d27-9c7d-8009628c79a4. Retrieved April 24, 2008.
- ^ "Amy Winehouse's Alleged Crack Video Under Investigation; Plus Pink, Paris Hilton, 'American Idol' & More, In For The Record". MTV. http://www.mtv.com/news/articles/1580109/20080123/winehouse_amy.jhtml. Retrieved April 24, 2008.
- ^ "Donda West, Kanye's Mother, Died Of Heart Attack: Coroner's Report". MTV News. http://www.mtv.com/news/articles/1579429/20080110/west_kanye.jhtml. Retrieved April 24, 2008.
- ^ "Kanye West's tearful goodbye at mother's funeral". The New Zealand Herald. http://www.nzherald.co.nz/category/story.cfm?c_id=1501135&objectid=10477686. Retrieved April 24, 2008.
- ^ "VIDEO: Kanye West Dedicates Journey's "Don't Stop Believing" to His Mom". Us Weekly. Archived from the original on April 27, 2008. http://web.archive.org/web/20080427090443/http://www.usmagazine.com/kanye_west_at_second_show_since_mothers_death_he_had_a_powerful_energy_inside_him. Retrieved April 24, 2008.
- ^ HipHopDX.com – Kanye West Speaks Candidly About Mother, Religion, Rap. HipHopDX.com. Retrieved December 2, 2008.
- ^ "Kanye West: Mom Honored With New Plastic Surgery Law". The Plastic Surgery Channel. http://www.theplasticsurgerychannel.com/kanye-west-mom-honored-with-new-plastic-surgery-law/. Retrieved October 14, 2009.
- ^ "Evel Knievel Sues Kanye West". The Smoking Gun. http://www.thesmokinggun.com/archive/1212061evel1.html. Retrieved June 7, 2007.
- ^ "Evel Knievel, Kanye West settle lawsuit". USA Today. Gannett Co. Inc. November 27, 2007. http://www.usatoday.com/life/music/news/2007-11-27-kanye-knievel_N.htm. Retrieved November 27, 2007.
- ^ "Kanye West arrested after skirmish at airport". CNN. September 11, 2008. http://www.cnn.com/2008/SHOWBIZ/Music/09/11/kanye.west.arrested/index.html. Retrieved March 19, 2009.
- ^ "Kanye West, Bodyguard Arrested At LAX". Access Hollywood. September 11, 2008. http://www.accesshollywood.com/arrests/kanye-west-bodyguard-arrested-at-los-angeles-international-airport_article_11207. Retrieved March 19, 2009.
- ^ "West escapes charge over scuffle". BBC News. September 27, 2008. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/entertainment/7639307.stm. Retrieved September 18, 2009.
- ^ Kaufman, Gil (April 14, 2009). "Kanye West's Arraignment In Paparazzi Case Delayed". MTV News. http://www.mtv.com/news/articles/1609170/20090414/west_kanye.jhtml. Retrieved September 18, 2009.
- ^ "Kanye West Arrested After Alleged Tussle With Photographer, Then Cleared". November 14, 2008. http://www.mtv.com/news/articles/1599323/20081114/west_kanye.jhtml. Retrieved November 14, 2008.
- ^ Byrne, Bridget (October 4, 2005). "NBC KO's Kanye's Bush Bashing". E! News. E! Online. http://www.eonline.com/news/article/index.jsp?uuid=44415a2b-7481-45f8-91a3-630b0b5510de&entry=index. Retrieved January 12, 2008. [dead link]
- ^ Moraes, Lisa de (September 3, 2005). "Kanye West's Torrent of Criticism, Live on NBC". The Washington Post. http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2005/09/03/AR2005090300165.html. Retrieved May 3, 2010.
- ^ Itzkoff, Dave, "UPDATED: Kanye West Criticizes ‘Today’ Show for ‘Brutal’ Interview", The New York Times Arts Beat blog, November 10, 2010, 2:25 pm. Retrieved November 10, 2010.
- ^ "Kanye West poses as Jesus on cover of 'Rolling Stone'". Gleaner. January 26, 2006. http://www.jamaica-gleaner.com/gleaner/20060126/ent/ent3.html. Retrieved April 27, 2008.
- ^ "Dear Kanye West...". Huffington Post. USA. November 12, 2010. http://www.huffingtonpost.com/russell-simmons/dear-kanye-west_b_782932.html. Retrieved February 9, 2011.
- ^ Boyce Watkins (November 12, 2010). "No, Kanye Should Not Have Apologized to Bush". boycewatkins.net. http://drboycespeaks.blogspot.com/2010/11/no-kanye-should-not-have-apologized-to.html. Retrieved February 9, 2011.
- ^ "George W. Bush Cares About Kanye West's Apology". E! Online. E! Entertainment Television, Inc. November 11, 2011. http://www.eonline.com/uberblog/b210484_george_w_bush_cares_about_kanye_wests.html. Retrieved November 11, 2010.
- ^ "Kanye West's Bad Behavior: A Short History". People. September 14, 2009. http://www.people.com/people/package/article/0,,20302940_20304330,00.html. Retrieved June 6, 2011.
- ^ "Kanye Has His Sights on Best Album". San Francisco Chronicle. December 9, 2005. http://www.sfgate.com/cgi-bin/blogs/sfgate/detail?blogid=7&entry_id=2120. Retrieved April 26, 2008.
- ^ "Kanye West Unleashes Tirade After Losing at MTV Europe Music Awards". Fox News. November 3, 2006. http://www.foxnews.com/story/0,2933,227304,00.html. Retrieved April 24, 2008.
- ^ "EMAs Shocker: Kanye Stage Invasion!". MTV. Archived from the original on June 3, 2007. http://web.archive.org/web/20070603120826/http://www.mtv.co.uk/channel/mtvuk/news/02112006/emas_shocker_kanye_stage_invasion. Retrieved June 7, 2007.
- ^ Olsen, Jan M. (November 3, 2006). "Kanye West Upset at MTV Video Award Loss". Fox News. http://www.foxnews.com/wires/2006Nov03/0,4670,MTVAwardsKanye,00.html. Retrieved April 24, 2008.
- ^ "Kanye West Jealous Of Britney Opening The VMAs". Britney Spy. Archived from the original on April 24, 2008. http://web.archive.org/web/20080424051758/http://www.britneyspy.com/2007/09/09/kanye-west-jealous-of-britney-opening-the-vmas/. Retrieved April 24, 2008.
- ^ "Kanye West Loses It Again, Says He'll 'Never Return To MTV': Report". MTV News. http://www.mtv.com/news/articles/1569313/20070910/west_kanye.jhtml. Retrieved April 24, 2008.
- ^ a b "Kanye West Storms the VMAs Stage During Taylor Swift's Speech". Rolling Stone. September 13, 2009. http://www.rollingstone.com/music/news/kanye-west-storms-the-vmas-stage-during-taylor-swifts-speech-20090913?rand=84857. Retrieved September 13, 2009.
- ^ a b Respers, Lisa (September 14, 2009). "Anger over West's disruption at MTV awards". CNN. http://www.cnn.com/2009/SHOWBIZ/09/14/kanye.west.reaction/index.html. Retrieved September 15, 2009.
- ^ Vozick, Simon (September 13, 2009). "Kanye West interrupts Taylor Swift's VMAs moment: What was he thinking? by Simon Vozick-Levinson". Entertainment Weekly. http://music-mix.ew.com/2009/09/13/kanye-west-taylor-swift/. Retrieved September 5, 2010.
- ^ "2009 MTV Video Music Awards – Best Female Video". MTV. http://www.mtv.com/ontv/vma/2009/best-female-video/. Retrieved September 15, 2009.
- ^ a b Martens, Todd; Villarreal, Yvonne (September 15, 2009). "Kanye West expresses Swift regret on blog and 'The Jay Leno Show'". Los Angeles Times. http://www.latimes.com/entertainment/news/music/la-et-kanye-fallout15-2009sep15,0,4346169.story. Retrieved September 15, 2009.
- ^ "Adam Lambert, Donald Trump, Joe Jackson Slam Kanye West's VMA Stunt". MTV. September 13, 2009. http://www.mtv.com/news/articles/1621475/.../swift__taylor.jhtml. Retrieved September 13, 2009.
- ^ Shaheem Reid and Rahman Dukes (September 15, 2009). "50 Cent Slams Kanye West For VMA Outburst". MTV. http://www.mtv.com/news/articles/1621544/20090915/50_cent.jhtml. Retrieved September 15, 2009.
- ^ "Obama calls Kanye West a jackass". BBC News. September 16, 2009. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/entertainment/8258330.stm. Retrieved September 16, 2009.
- ^ Gavin, Patrick (September 15, 2009). "Obama calls Kanye 'jackass'". The Politico. http://www.politico.com/click/stories/0909/did_obama_call_kanye_a_jackass.html. Retrieved September 15, 2009.
- ^ "Audio: President Obama Calls Kanye West a 'Jackass'". People. September 15, 2009. http://www.people.com/package/article/0,,20302940_20304704,00.html. Retrieved September 16, 2009.
- ^ "Obama Calls Kanye West a 'Jackass'". Fox News. September 15, 2009. http://www.foxnews.com/politics/2009/09/15/obama-calls-kanye-west-jackass/. Retrieved September 16, 2009.
- ^ "Obama Calls Kanye a 'Jackass' – The Audio". TMZ. September 15, 2009. http://www.tmz.com/2009/09/15/obama-calls-kanye-a-jackass/. Retrieved September 15, 2009.
- ^ Anderson, Kyle (September 16, 2009). "Kanye West's VMA Interruption Gives Birth To Internet Photo Meme". MTV. http://newsroom.mtv.com/2009/09/16/kanye-wests-vma-interruption-photos/. Retrieved October 3, 2009.
- ^ Booth, Jenny (September 14, 2009). "Kanye West spoils the show at MTV awards". The Times (London). http://entertainment.timesonline.co.uk/tol/arts_and_entertainment/music/article6833664.ece. Retrieved September 14, 2009.
- ^ Vena, Jocelyn (September 15, 2009). "Taylor Swift Tells 'The View' Kanye West Hasn't Contacted Her. The country star discusses her reaction to the VMA incident.". MTV. http://www.mtv.com/news/articles/1621550/2009915/swift__taylor.jhtml. Retrieved September 15, 2009.
- ^ "Taylor Swift visits 'The View,' accepts Kanye apology". New York Post. May 15, 2009. http://www.nypost.com/p/blogs/tvblogs/taylor_swift_visits_the_view_accepts_iW7OOuj6BQpLe1oX8TVFNM. Retrieved September 15, 2009.
- ^ "Kanye calls Taylor Swift after ‘View’ appearance". The Associated Press/MSNBC. September 15, 2009. http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/32861800/ns/entertainment-music/. Retrieved September 16, 2009.
- ^ Devon Thomas (September 7, 2010). "Kanye West Writes Song In Honor of Taylor Swift". CBS News. http://www.cbsnews.com/8301-31749_162-20015747-10391698.html. Retrieved September 7, 2010.
- ^ "VIDEO: Kanye West Backtracks On Taylor Swift Apology". http://www.radaronline.com/exclusives/2010/11/video-kanye-west-backtracks-taylor-swift-apology.
- ^ "Kanye West Backtracks On Taylor Swift Apology". http://dimewars.com/Blog/ViewBlogArticle.aspx?vn=Kanye+West+Backtracks+On+Taylor+Swift+Apology&BlogID=487b238f-9fac-4228-b9ba-7c29bdfe8528.
- Official website
- Kanye West at Allmusic
- Kanye West at Beatbuggy
- Kanye West at the Internet Movie Database
Kanye West related articles Kanye West Discography · Production discography · Awards and nominations Studio albums CollaborationsWatch the Throne (with Jay-Z) Live albumsLate Orchestration · VH1 Storytellers MixtapesFreshmen Adjustment · Freshmen Adjustment 2 · Freshmen Adjustment 3 · Can't Tell Me Nothing DVDs FilmsWe Were Once a Fairytale · Runaway ToursSchool Spirit Tour (2006) · Touch The Sky Tour (2007) · Glow in the Dark Tour (2008) · Fame Kills: Starring Kanye West and Lady Gaga (2009) · Watch the Throne Tour (2011) BooksGlow in the Dark Related articles Book · Category · Portal Discography The College Dropout Late Registration Graduation 808s & Heartbreak My Beautiful Dark
Twisted Fantasy"Power" • "Runaway" • "Monster" • "All of the Lights" • "Lost in the World"
Watch the Throne
Featured artist"Talk About Our Love" • "The Food" • "I Changed My Mind" • "The Corner" • "Go!" • "Number One" • "Extravaganza" • "Number One" • "Wouldn't Get Far" • "I Still Love H.E.R." • "Pro Nails" • "Finer Things" • "American Boy" • "Put On" • "Stay Up! (Viagra)" • "Swagga Like Us" • "Everyone Nose (All the Girls Standing in the Line for the Bathroom)" • "Classic (Better Than I've Ever Been)" • "Go Hard" • "Knock You Down" • "Kinda Like a Big Deal" • "Walkin' on the Moon" • "Ego" • "Supernova" • "Maybach Music 2" • "Make Her Say" • "Digital Girl" • "Run This Town" • "Forever" • "Whatever U Want" • "We Are the World 25 for Haiti" • "Erase Me" • "Start It Up" • "Hurricane" • "E.T." • "Marvin & Chardonnay" Other songs Book · Category · Portal Singles"Power" · "Runaway" · "Monster" · "All of the Lights" · "Lost in the World" Non-single tracks See alsoG.O.O.D. Fridays · Runaway · Kanye West The College Dropout · Late Registration · Graduation · 808s & Heartbreak · Watch the Throne ArtistsKanye West Former artistsAllen Anthony · Amil · Aztek Escobar · Billy Gamble & Jackie O. · Bink · Beanie Sigel · Cam'ron · Casha · Christion · Da Ranjahz · DJ Clue · Foxy Brown · Freeway · Freekey Zekey · Grafh · Hector "El Father" · Jadakiss · Jay-Z · Jim Jones · Just Blaze · Juelz Santana · Lil' Red · M.O.P. · Memphis Bleek · Neef Buck · Neo Da Matrix · Nicole Wray · N.O.R.E. · Ol' Dirty Bastard · Omillio Sparks · Oschino · Oschino & Sparks · Peedi Peedi · Rell · Rick Vocals · Samantha Ronson · Sauce Money · State Property · Teairra Marí · The Diplomats · Tru-Life · Uncle Murda · Young Chris · Young Gunz · Young Steff GOOD Music FounderKanye West Clients
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Kanye West — auf dem Tribeca Film Festival (2009) … Deutsch Wikipedia
Kanye West — en el Festival de cine de Tribeca (2009) Datos generales Nombre rea … Wikipedia Español
Kanye West — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Kanye et West. Kanye West … Wikipédia en Français
Kanye West — … Википедия
Kanye West — Productor y rapero estadounidense nacido en Atlanta en 1977. Ha producido a grandes artistas como Alicia Keys, Jay Z y Common entre otros. En 2004 lanzó su disco debut titulado The College Dropout, el cual fue un rotundo éxito tanto… … Enciclopedia Universal
Kanye West production discography — The following is a discography of production by hip hop/R B artist/producer Kanye West.AlbumsGrav Down to Earth (1996)* 03. World Domination * 05. Sick Thoughts * 06. City To City * 07. Thought It Was On * 08. Line For Line * 10. Keep Movin * 12 … Wikipedia
Kanye West discography — The following is a comprehensive listing of official releases by Kanye West, an American rapper and producer. He has released three studio albums, one DVD, and fifteen singles on Def Jam Recordings.West s debut album, The College Dropout , was… … Wikipedia
Monster (Kanye West song) — Monster Single by Kanye West featuring Jay Z, Rick Ross, Bon Iver Nicki Minaj from the alb … Wikipedia
Discographie de Kanye West — Kanye West en studio avec son mentor No I.D. (à gauche) Sorties ↙Albums s … Wikipédia en Français
Graduation (Kanye West) — Graduation Album par Kanye West Sortie 2007 … Wikipédia en Français