Lucene logo
Developer(s) Apache Software Foundation
Stable release 3.4 / September 14, 2011; 2 months ago (2011-09-14)
Development status Active
Written in Java
Operating system Cross-platform
Type Search and index
License Apache License 2.0

Apache Lucene is a free/open source information retrieval software library, originally created in Java by Doug Cutting. It is supported by the Apache Software Foundation and is released under the Apache Software License.

Lucene has been ported to other programming languages including Delphi, Perl, C#, C++, Python, Ruby and PHP.



Lucene was originally written by Doug Cutting. It was initially available for download from its home at the SourceForge web site. It joined the Apache Software Foundation’s Jakarta family of open source Java products in September 2001 and became its own top-level Apache project in February 2005. Until recently, it included a number of sub-projects, such as Lucene Java, Droids, Lucene.Net, Lucy, Mahout, Solr, Nutch, Open Relevance Project, PyLucene and Tika. Solr has been merged into the Lucene project itself and Mahout, Nutch and Tika have been moved to be independent top-level projects.

Features and common use

While suitable for any application which requires full text indexing and searching capability, Lucene has been widely recognized [1][2] for its utility in the implementation of Internet search engines and local, single-site searching.

At the core of Lucene's logical architecture is the idea of a document containing fields of text. This flexibility allows Lucene's API to be independent of the file format. Text from PDFs, HTML, Microsoft Word, and OpenDocument documents, as well as many others (except images), can all be indexed as long as their textual information can be extracted.

Lucene-based projects

Lucene itself is just an indexing and search library and does not contain crawling and HTML parsing functionality. However, several projects extend Lucene's capability:

  • Apache Nutch provides web crawling and HTML parsing
  • Apache Solr – an enterprise search server
  • ElasticSearch – an enterprise search server.
  • Compass – a Java Search Engine Framework


For a list of companies that use Lucene (rather than extend), see Lucene's PoweredBy page. As an example Twitter is using Lucene for its real time search[3]

See also


  1. ^ Perner, Petra (2007). Machine Learning and Data Mining in Pattern Recognition: 5th International Conference. Springer. p. 387. ISBN 978-3-540-73498-7. 
  2. ^ GNU/Linux Semantic Storage System
  3. ^ Twitter uses Lucene [1]


  • Gospodnetic, Otis; Erik Hatcher,Michael McCandless (June 28, 2009). Lucene in Action (2nd ed.). Manning Publications. pp. 475. ISBN 1-933988-17-7. 
  • Gospodnetic, Otis; Erik Hatcher (December 1, 2004). Lucene in Action (1st ed.). Manning Publications. pp. 456. ISBN 978-1-932394-28-3. 

External links

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Lucene — Développeur Fondation Apache Dernière version …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Lucene — Entwickler Apache Software Foundation Aktuelle Version 3.4 (14. September 2011) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Lucene — es un API de código abierto para recuperación de información, originalmente implementada en Java por Doug Cutting. Está apoyado por el Apache Software Foundation y se distribuye bajo la Apache Software License. Lucene tiene versiones para otros… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Lucene — Apache Lucene Тип поиск и программирование Разработчик …   Википедия

  • Apache Lucene — Lucene Lucene Développeur Fondation Apache Dernière version …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Apache Lucene — Lucene Entwickler: Apache Software Foundation Aktuelle Version: 2.4.1 (9. März 2009) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • CLucene — Lucene Entwickler: Apache Software Foundation Aktuelle Version: 2.4.1 (9. März 2009) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Nutch — Lucene Nutch Screenshot  …   Wikipedia

  • Wikipedia — For Wikipedia s non encyclopedic visitor introduction, see Wikipedia:About. Wikipedia …   Wikipedia

  • Doug Cutting — Douglas Reed Cutting is an advocate and creator of open source search technology. He originated Lucene and, with Mike Cafarella, Nutch, both open source search technology projects which are now managed through the Apache Software Foundation. He… …   Wikipedia

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