- Frederick Theodore Frelinghuysen
Infobox US Cabinet official
name=Frederick Theodore Frelinghuysen
United States Secretary of State
December 19, 1881
March 6, 1885
James G. Blaine
Thomas F. Bayard
Millstone, New Jersey, U.S.
death_date=death date and age|1885|5|20|1817|8|4|mf=y
Newark, New Jersey, U.S.
spouse=Matilda Elizabeth Griswold
Frederick Theodore Frelinghuysen (
August 4 1817– May 20 1885) was a member of the United States Senaterepresenting New Jerseyand a United States Secretary of State.
Early life and education
Frelinghuysen was born in
Millstone, New Jersey, to Frederick Frelinghuysen (1788–1820) and Mary Dumont. His father died when he was just three years old, and he was adopted by his uncle, Theodore Frelinghuysen(1787–1862).
Frederick Frelinghuysen (1753–1804)was an eminent lawyer, one of the framers of the first New Jersey Constitution, a soldier in the American Revolutionary Warand a member (1778–1779 and 1782–1783) of the Continental Congressfrom New Jersey, and from 1793 to 1796 a member of the United States Senate.
Theodore Frelinghuysen (1787–1862), was Attorney General of New Jerseyfrom 1817 to 1829, was a U.S. Senator from New Jersey from 1829 to 1835, was the Whig candidate for Vice President of the United Stateson the Henry Clayticket in the 1844 Presidential election, and was Chancellor of New York Universityfrom 1839 until 1850 and president of Rutgers College from 1850 to 1862.
Frelinghuysen was graduated from Rutgers College in 1836, and studied law in Newark with his uncle, to whose practice he succeeded in 1839, after he was admitted to the bar. He became attorney for the
Central Railroad of New Jersey, the Morris Canal and Banking Companyand other corporations.
Marriage and children
He married Matilda Elizabeth Griswold and had three daughters and three sons, including: Frederick Frelinghuysen,
George Griswold Frelinghuysen (1851-1936), Theodore Frelinghuysen (?-1931), Matilda Griswold Frelinghuysen who married Henry Winthrop Gray, a daughter who married Charles L. McCauley, and Lucy Frelinghuysen. [cite news |first= |last= |authorlink= |coauthors= |title=G.G. Frelinghuysen Dies. Son of Arthur's Secretary Of State Was Lawyer. |url= |work= |publisher= New York Times|date= April 22, 1936|accessdate=2007-05-30 ] cite news |first= |last= |authorlink= |coauthors= |title=Frederick Frelinghuysen. Ex-President of Mutual Benefit Life Insurance Company Dies. |url= |work= |publisher= New York Times|date= January 2, 1924, Wednesday |accessdate=2007-05-30 ]
Frelinghuysen was a delegate to the
1860 Republican National Conventionfrom New Jersey and from 1861 to 1867 was Attorney General of New Jersey. He was a delegate to the Peace conference of 1861in Washington, and in 1866 was appointed by the Governor of New Jersey, as a Republican, to fill a vacancy in the United States Senate. In the winter of 1867, he was elected to fill the unexpired term, but a Democratic majority in the New Jersey Legislatureprevented his re-election in 1869.
In 1870, he was nominated by President
Ulysses S. Grant, and confirmed by the Senate, as United States Ambassador to the United Kingdomto succeed John Lothrop Motley, but declined the mission. From 1871 to 1877 he was again a member of the United States Senate, in which he was prominent in debate and in committee work, and was chairman of the U.S. Senate Committee on Foreign Affairs during the Alabama Claimsnegotiations.
He was a strong opponent of the Reconstruction measures of President
Andrew Johnson, for whose conviction he voted (on most of the specific charges) in the impeachmenttrial. He was a member of the joint committee which drew up and reported (1877) the Electoral Commission Bill, and subsequently served as a member of the Electoral Commission that decided the 1876 Presidential election. As a Republican, he voted with the eight-member majority on all counts.
December 12, 1881, he was appointed United States Secretary of Stateby President Chester A. Arthurto succeed James G. Blaine, and served until the inauguration of President Grover Clevelandin 1885.
Retirement and death
Frelinghuysen retired from work and moved back to his home in Newark. He died there in May, aged 67, less than three months after retiring. He was buried at
Mount Pleasant Cemetery, Newark.
* [http://politicalgraveyard.com/bio/freemont-fremming.html#R9M0IXDUE Biographical information for Frederick T. Frelinghuysen] from the
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
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