Seven Pillars of Islam (Ismaili)

Seven Pillars of Islam (Ismaili)

The Shi'a Ismāˤīlī - the Nizari, Druze and Mustaali - have Pillars beyond those of the Sunni. While most Ismāˤīlīs have eight, the Bohras and Druze have only seven.

The Ismāˤīlī Pillars

* Walayah “Guardianship” denotes love and devotion to God, the prophets, the imām and the duˤāt "missionaries". In Ismāˤīlī doctrine, God is the true desire of every soul, and he manifests himself in the forms of prophets and imāms; the appointed "duˤāt" lead believers to the right path. The Druze refer to this pillar as "Taslīm" "Submission".
* Taharah “Purity”: The Druze do not include this as a Pillar.
* Shahādah: Most Ismāˤīlīs add "ˤAliyun wāliyu l-Lāh" (علي ولي الله) "ˤAlī is the friend of God" at the end of the "shahādatayn": the exception is the Druze. The Bohra do not list this as a Pillar of Faith, and hence have only seven pillars. [Article on 'Bohras' in "OUP Encyclopedia of the Modern Islamic World", John Esposito (ed), 1995, retrieved from [] ] .
* Salah "Prayer": Unlike Sunni and Twelver muslims, Nizari Ismāˤīliyya reason that it is up to the current imām to designate the style and form of prayer, and for this reason the current Nizari practices resemble "dua" and pray them three times a day. These three times have been related with the three times that have been mentioned in the Qur'ān: sunrise, before sunset, and after sunset. In contrast, the Mustaˤlī maintain five prayers and their style is generally closely related to that of the Twelvers. The Druze believe that the meaning of prayer is "sidqu l-lisān" "speaking Truth (to/about God)" and do not believe in five daily prayers. They do sometimes attend prayers, which is the practice of the "uninitiated" ("juhhāl") and historically was also done for reasons of "taqiyya".
* Zakah "Charity": with the exception of the Druze, all Ismāˤīlī madhāhab have practices resembling that of Sunni and Twelver Muslims with the addition of the characteristic Shīˤa khums: payment of 1/8th of one's unspent money at the end of the year to the imām. In addition to "khums", Ismāˤīlīs pay 12.5% of their monthly gross income to the imām, which goes to the central accounts and then spent on welfare of the humankind like education and health projects. One of the major examples of these projects is the Aga Khan Development Network, that is one of the biggest welfare networks of the world. Thus, Ismāˤīlīs believe that as Prophet Muhammad was designated to take "zakāt" from the believers in the past, it is now the duty to pay the imām or his representative. The Druze practice "hifzu l-'Ikhwān" "Protection of One's Brothers" instead of paying a fee, a culturally complex practice of interdependence.
* Sawm “Fasting”: Nizari and Mustaˤlī believe in both a metaphorical and literal meaning of fasting. The literal meaning is that one must fast as an obligation, such as during the Ramadan and the metaphorical meaning being that one is in attainment of the Divine Truth and must strive to avoid worldy activities which may detract from this goal. In particular, Ismāˤīlīs believe the real and esoteric meaning of fasting is avoiding devilish acts and doing the good deeds. Not eating during the month of Ramadan has been considered as a metaphorical implementation of fasting and is not compulsory. The Druze emphasise the esoteric meaning, which they call "tark ˤibādat al-awthān" "deserting idol-worship": that which detracts from communion with God is an idol ("wathan").
* Hajj “Pilgrimage”: For Ismāˤīlīs, this means visiting the imām or his representative and that this is the greatest and most spiritual of all pilgrimages. The Mustaˤlī maintain also the practice of going to Mecca. The Druze interpret this completely metaphorically as "fleeing from devils and oppressors" and rarely go to Mecca. [cite web | url= | title = Isma'ilism | accessdate=2007-04-24]
* Jihad "Struggle": The definition of jihad is controversial as it has two meanings: "the Greater Struggle" and the "The Lesser Struggle", the latter of which means a confrontation with the enemies of the faith. The Nizari are pacifist and interpret "adversaries" of the faith as personal and social vices (i.e. wrath, intolerance, etc.) and those individuals who harm the peace of the faith and avoid provocation and use force only as a final resort only in self-defense. It is unclear what the Mustaali believe. The Druze have a long history of military and political engagement, but refer to this pillar solely as "Rīda" "Contentment" - the war to fight that which removes you from the ease of the Divine Presence, a meaning similar to that of the Nizari. In addition, the "ˤUqqāl" "Wise Ones", the religious cadre of the Druze, are pacifists.

ee also

*Sunni Five Pillars of Islam and Six articles of belief and Sixth pillar of Islam.
*Shi'a twelvers Roots of Religion and Branches of Religion
*Shi'a Druze Seven Pillars


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Seven Pillars of Islam (Druze) — The Druze (a group with Ismaili roots who describe themselves as Muslims, but are not considered by most Muslims to be Muslims) believe in seven pillars of faith. The Druze call these seven ordinances da‘a im al Islam , rather than, as most… …   Wikipedia

  • Islam — For other uses, see Islam (disambiguation). The Kaaba, in Mecca, Saudi Arabia, is the …   Wikipedia

  • Ismaili — For the Egyptian city, see Ismaïlia .The Ismāʿīlī (Urdu: إسماعیلی Ismāʿīlī , Arabic: الإسماعيليون al Ismāʿīliyyūn ; Persian: إسماعیلیان Esmāʿiliyān ) branch of Islam is the second largest part of the Shī‘ah community, after the Twelvers (… …   Wikipedia

  • Islam in India — This article is about Islam in the Republic of India. For wider definitions of India , see Islam in South Asia. Indian Muslims …   Wikipedia

  • Islam and animals — This article is part of the series …   Wikipedia

  • Sixth Pillar of Islam — The term Sixth pillar of Islam refers to an addition to the Five Pillars of Islam; the five pillars of Islam explain the basic tenets of Islam, Shi a Islam uses other concepts. IntroductionMost Sunni Muslims believe there are precisely five… …   Wikipedia

  • Walayah (Ismaili and Druze pillar) — This is about the pillar of Islam , for the historical view, see Imamah (Shi a Ismaili doctrine)Guardianship ( ar. ولاية, Walayah) is an Ismaili and Druze pillar of Islam denoting:: love and devotion for God, the Prophets, the Imam and the dai.… …   Wikipedia

  • Shia Islam — Shia redirects here. For other uses, see Shia (disambiguation) …   Wikipedia

  • Daim al-Islam — Part of a series on Shī‘ah Islam …   Wikipedia

  • Imamah (Shi'a Ismaili doctrine) — This is a sub article to Imamah (Shi a doctrine).The Ismaili view on the Imamah differs from the Twelver Shi a as well as Sunni views, in particular because the Imam in Ismailism is the Face of Allah. Ismailis believe that the Noor of Allah is… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.