- Alexandrovo-Zavodsky District
Alexandrovo-Zavodsky District ( _ru. Алекса́ндрово-Заво́дский райо́н) is a district ("
raion") of Zabaykalsky Krai. The district's administrative center is the village ("selo") of Alexandrovsky Zavod. District's population: ru-census2002|10844|. Area: 7,100 km².
The district was founded on
January 4, 1926. It is located some 500 km south-east of Chita.
The highest point of the district is
Mount Uchashchina(1,412 m). The Gazimur and the Borzya Rivers flow through the district.
Russiansexplored the region in the 17th century. In 1778, silverdeposits were discovered here, and the first silver mine, which was included into the network of Nerchinsksilver refineries, was built in the village of Bazanovo. Catherine II ordered to give additional dotations to the network in 1790. As a result, on the spot of modern Alexandrovsky Zavod appeared a silver works in 1792, which later was named after Alexander I and founded settlement around it. All the workers of the works were political and penal criminals. The most famous of them was an ideologue of Russian Socialism, Nikolai Chernyshevsky.
After the silver resources depletion in the late 1880s, population comprised
Cossacksand peasants who took active part in Russian revolutions. In the 1930s, there were Cossack and peasant unrests caused by collectivization. There were massive deportations and repressions. World War IIcaused an enormous decrease in manpowerand the district's industry.
The population of the District suffers from different oncological diseases.
Local industries are in deep stagnation. As a result, there is a constant flee of district residents.
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Look at other dictionaries:
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Administrative divisions of Chita Oblast — Chita Oblast was a federal subject of Russia until February 29, 2008. On March 1, 2008 it was merged with Agin Buryat Autonomous Okrug to form Zabaykalsky Krai.*Urban type settlements under the federal government management: **Gorny (Горный)… … Wikipedia