- Robert F. Kennedy, Jr.
name = Robert F. Kennedy, Jr.
imagesize = 250px
caption = Robert Kennedy, Jr. at Ralph Lauren's 40th Anniversary, September 2007. Photo by Christopher Peterson.
birth_date = birth date and age|1954|1|17
Washington, D.C., United States of America
education = BA in
political science( Harvard University)
University of Virginia School of Law)
Pace University School of Law)
spouse = Emily Ruth Black
children = Robert F. III, and Kathleen Alexandra by Emily Ruth Black,
Conor Richardson, Kyra LeMoyne, William Finbar, and Aidan Caohman Vieques by Mary Richardson
Robert F. Kennedyand Ethel Skakel
Robert Francis Kennedy, Jr. (born
January 17, 1954in Washington, D.C.) is the third of 11 children born to Ethel Skakel Kennedyand Robert F. Kennedyand is the nephew of John F. Kennedy. He is an environmental lawyer and co-host of "Ring of Fire" on the Air America Radionetwork.
Kennedy graduated from
Harvard Collegein 1976 with a B.A.in American history and literature (interrupting his stay at Harvard for a year of study at the London School of Economics) and obtained a Juris Doctordegree from the University of Virginia School of Law, following a tradition started by his father and his uncle Edward M. Kennedy. He also obtained an LL.M.from the Pace University School of Law. [ [http://www.backbonecampaign.org/cabinet/nominee.cfm?ID=62 The Backbone Cabinet - A Progressive Cabinet Roster ] ]
Marriages and children
Kennedy married Emily Ruth Black (b.
October 15, 1957) [ [http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/kennedys/sfeature/sf_tree_text.html American Experience | The Kennedys | Kennedy Family Tree | PBS ] ] on April 3, 1982in Bloomington, Indiana, daughter of Thomas Black and Helen Armstrong. They have two children:
*Robert Francis Kennedy III (b.
September 2, 1984in Mt. Kisco, New York)
Kathleen Alexandra Kennedy(b. April 13, 1988in Mt. Kisco, New York), known as "Kick", a nickname she shares with her late great-aunt Kathleen Kennedy
They divorced on
March 25, 1994in the Dominican Republic. He married Mary Richardson (b. 1960) on April 15, 1994on board a research vessel along the Hudson River. They have four children:
*John Conor Richardson Kennedy (b.
July 24, 1994in Mt. Kisco, New York);
*Kyra LeMoyne Kennedy (b.
August 22, 1995in Mt. Kisco, New York);
*William Finbar Kennedy (b.
November 8, 1997in Mt. Kisco, New York);
*Aidan Caohman Vieques Kennedy (b.
July 13, 2001).
In 1983, he was arrested in a Rapid City
South Dakota Airportfor heroinpossession. A search of his carry-on bag uncovered 183 milligrams of the drug. [http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9A0DE7DF1039F934A25750C0A962948260 AROUND THE NATION; Kennedy Son GivenProbation in Drug Case - New York Times ] ] Upon entering a plea of guilty, Kennedy, then 30 years old, was sentenced to two years probation, periodic tests for drug use, treatment by joining Narcotics Anonymous, and 1,500 hours of community service by Presiding Judge Marshall P. Young.
In April 2001, Kennedy was arrested for trespassing at Camp Garcia, the
United States Navytraining facility on the island of Vieques, Puerto Rico. Kennedy and others were protesting the use of a small section of the island for training. The trespassing incident forced the suspension of live-fire exercises for almost 3 hours. Despite the best efforts of his counsel, former NY Governor Mario Cuomo, on 18 July 2001Kennedy was sentenced to 30 days in jail by Judge Hector Laffitte. [ [http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9D01E1D91238F934A35754C0A9679C8B63&sec=&spon=&pagewanted=2 Kennedy Gets Noted Defense, And 30 Days - New York Times ] ] [ [http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/americas/1470871.stm BBC News | AMERICAS | US Navy resumes Vieques war games ] ]
Kennedy is a licensed master falconer and former president of the New York State Falconer's Association. [ [http://www.metroactive.com/metro-santa-cruz/01.11.06/rfk-0602.html News & Culture in Santa Cruz County | Robert F. Kennedy Jr ] ] He is also an avid white-water rafter and has led several rafting trips in Canada and Central America. [ [http://waterkeeper.org/mainpresident.aspx Waterkeeper Alliance: Our President ] ] [http://www.robertfkennedyjr.com/about.html Robert F. Kennedy Jr ] ]
In 1984, Kennedy joined the
Riverkeeperorganization to satisfy the 1,500 hours community service to which he was sentenced. He worked with the group to sue alleged polluters of the Hudson River. After his 1,500 hours were complete, the group hired Kennedy as its chief prosecuting attorney. [ [http://riverkeeper.org Riverkeeper.org ] ] Riverkeeper was founded in 1966 by a group of fishermen and residents from New York. [ [http://riverkeeper.org/ourstory_index.php Riverkeeper.org, Our Story ] ]
Kennedy also founded, and is the current chairman of, the umbrella organization,
Waterkeeper Alliance, [ [http://waterkeeper.org Waterkeeper Alliance ] ] which connects and supports local waterkeeper groups. Today there are 177 waterkeeper programs worldwide operating under the trademarked "Riverkeeper", "Lakekeeper", "Baykeeper", or "Coastkeeper" names. [ [http://waterkeeper.org/mainaboutus.aspx Waterkeeper Alliance: Mission ] ]
Since 1987 Kennedy has served as a Clinical Professor of Environmental Law and co-director of the Pace Environmental Litigation Clinic [ [http://law.pace.edu/envclinic/staff.html staff ] ] at
Pace University School of Law. The clinic allows second and third year law students to try cases against alleged Hudson River polluters. Kennedy also serves as a senior attorney for the Natural Resources Defense Council, a non-profit organization based in New Yorkwhich works to expand environmental laws and restrict land use.
Earlier in his career, Kennedy served as
assistant district attorneyin New York City. [ [http://robertfkennedyjr.com/about.html Robert F. Kennedy Jr ] ]
Media work and public activism
In 1998, Kennedy,
Chris Bartleand John Hovingcreated a bottled water company that donates all of its profits to Waterkeeper Alliance. [http://www.keepersprings.com/theidea.html] They named their Manhattanbased company Tear of the Clouds LLC., after the lake of the same name in nearby Essex County. The Kennedy's have long been vocal stewards of the Hudson River. [ [http://www.charlierose.com/shows/1997/11/10/1/a-conversation-about-the-hudson-river-pollution-with-robert-f-kennedy-jr-and-john-cronin A conversation about the Hudson River pollution with Robert F. Kennedy Jr. and John Cronin - Charlie Rose ] ] Their product is bottled under the name Keeper Springs. [ [http://www.keepersprings.com Keeper Springs ] ]
On May 16, 2008 Kennedy appeared on the Late Show with David Letterman, largely to promote a Vanity Fair article regarding the environment.
Kennedy currently co-hosts "Ring of Fire" on
Air America Radiowith Mike Papantonio, [ [http://shows.airamericaradio.com/ringoffire/ Ring of Fire | Air America Radio | ] ] despite suffering from spasmodic dysphonia,.
last = Leibovich
first = Mark
title = Another Kennedy Living Dangerously
publisher = The New York Times
date = 2006-06-25
url = http://www.nytimes.com/2006/06/25/fashion/25bobby.html?ex=1308888000&en=4366351657b8045b&ei=5090&partner=rssuserland&emc=rss
accessdate = 2007-01-23 ] a disorder that makes speech difficult and causes the voice to sound quavery.
He has written two books and several articles on environmental issues. His articles have appeared in "
The New York Times", " The Washington Post", the " Los Angeles Times", the " Wall Street Journal", " Newsweek", " Rolling Stone", " Atlantic Monthly", "Esquire", " The Nation", "Outside magazine", " The Village Voice" and many more. Since May 2005 he's been a contributing blogger at The Huffington Post, a blogrun by Arianna Huffington. [ [http://www.huffingtonpost.com/robert-f-kennedy-jr/ Robert F. Kennedy Jr. - Politics on The Huffington Post ] ]
Kennedy was named one of Time.com's "Heroes for the Planet" for his success in helping Riverkeeper to restore the Hudson River. [ [http://www.time.com/time/reports/environment/heroes/heroesgallery/0,2967,kennedy,00.html TIME.com: Heroes for the Planet, 7/19/99 - Robert F. Kennedy, Jr. and John Cronin ] ] In 2005, he argued for a link between global warming and
Hurricane Katrinain an editorial for the " Huffington Post." [ [http://www.huffingtonpost.com/robert-f-kennedy-jr/for-they-that-sow-the-_b_6396.html For They That Sow the Wind Shall Reap the Whirlwind."] ]
In a 2005 editorial for the "
New York Times", Kennedy argued, "As an environmentalist, I support wind power, including wind poweron the high seas. I am also involved in siting wind farms in appropriate landscapes, of which there are many. But I do believe that some places should be off limits to any sort of industrial development. I wouldn't build a wind farm in Yosemite National Park. Nor would I build one on Nantucket Sound, which is exactly what the company Energy Managementis trying to do with its Cape Windproject." [ [http://www.nytimes.com/2005/12/16/opinion/16kennedy.html An Ill Wind Off Cape Cod] ] This position angered some environmentalists. [ [http://www.grist.org/news/muck/2006/01/12/capecod/ The Wind and the Willful] ]
Kennedy authored a June 2005 article in "
Rolling Stone" alleging connections between the mercury-containing preservative thimerosalin inoculations and childhood autism. [ [http://www.rollingstone.com/politics/story/7395411/deadly_immunity/ Deadly Immunity : Rolling Stone ] ] Mainstream medical opinion is that there is no convincing scientific evidence to support this allegation. [cite journal|journal=Can J Neurol Sci|date=2006|volume=33|issue=4|pages=341–6|title=Immunizations and autism: a review of the literature|author=Doja A, Roberts W|pmid=17168158]
In an article in the
June 5, 2006, issue of "Rolling Stone" entitled [http://www.rollingstone.com/news/story/10432334/was_the_2004_election_stolen "Was the 2004 Election Stolen?"] , Kennedy comes to the conclusion that the Republican Party stole the 2004 American presidential election. Farhad Manjoo, Technology and Business staff writer for Salon.com, has criticized Kennedy's interpretation and methodology. [ [http://www.salon.com//news/feature/2006/06/03/kennedy/ Was the 2004 election stolen? No. | Salon News ] ] Kennedy responded to Manjoo's criticisms in detail. [ [http://www.salon.com/opinion/feature/2006/06/06/rfk_responds/ Was the 2004 election stolen? | Salon.com ] ]
Kennedy has been criticized for receiving royalty payments for participation in two family-owned oil drilling companies, and also for using private jets while preaching about the perils of global warming. [cite book
last = Schweizer
first = Peter
publisher = Doubleday
date = 2005-10-25
pages = 272 pages
id = ISBN 0385513496 ]
July 7, 2007, Kennedy appeared in New Jersey at the Live Earthevent. His speech challenged the public to question the implied position of the energy industry that economic and environmental policies are mutually exclusive. He referred to several media personalities ( Glenn Beck, John Stossel, Sean Hannity, and Rush Limbaughamong them) as "flat-earthers", and "traitors." [ [http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Heku9oTLysg YouTube - RFK JR - Live Earth ] ] Kennedy's speech concludes with the statement "And I will see all of you on the barricades".
Kennedy refused to give a commencement speech for the Class of 2008 at the
University of California, San Diego, because of the University's policy of giving non-livable wages for its workers.fact|date=September 2008
He's also a self-described
2008 Presidential election
In late 2007, Robert [ [http://politicalticker.blogs.cnn.com/2007/11/29/robert-f-kennedy-jr-endorses-hillary-clinton/ Robert F. Kennedy, Jr. endorses Hillary Clinton] ] and his sisters
Kathleen Kennedy Townsendand Kerry Kennedy[ [http://www.cbsnews.com/stories/2007/12/16/politics/main3623528.shtml Kennedy Family Split On Endorsements] ] announced that they would be endorsing Hillary Clinton.
In response to subsequent endorsements by
Caroline Kennedy, Ted Kennedy, and Patrick J. Kennedyfor Barack Obama, Robert, Kathleen, and Kerry wrote in a January 29, 2008, editorial, "By now you may have read or heard that our cousin, Caroline Kennedy, and our uncle, Sen. Edward M. Kennedy, have come out in favor of Sen. Barack Obama. We, however, are supporting Sen. Hillary Rodham Clinton because we believe that she is the strongest candidate for our party and our country." [cite news |url=http://www.latimes.com/news/opinion/la-oe-kennedy29jan29,0,1618955.story |title=Kennedys for Clinton |author= Kathleen Kennedy Townsend, Robert F. Kennedy Jr.and Kerry Kennedy|work= Los Angeles Times|date= 2008-01-29|accessdate=2008-01-29] Robert F. Kennedy, Jr., was also featured in an ad campaign for Clinton alongside the grandson of Cesar Chavez. [cite news |url=http://ap.google.com/article/ALeqM5iuypM0fHL7WjvFC5zvGCFLGb53CQD8UHQJHO1 |title=Clinton Ads Feature Kennedy, Chavez Kin |author=Beth Fouhy |work= Associated Press|date= 2008-02-02|accessdate=2008-02-02]
In a January 2007 interview in
O, The Oprah Magazine, Kennedy hinted that he would run for the position of United States Senatorfrom New York, if Hillary were to win the 2008 Presidential election. His statement "If Hillary left the Senate, I might run for that seat" was seen by Democratic observers as "a blunt warning to possible rivals." [cite news | url=http://www.timesonline.co.uk/article/0,,2089-2557909,00.html | title=Kennedy Jr eyes Hillary’s Senate seat | author=Tony Allen-Mills| work= The Sunday Times| date= 2007-01-21| accessdate=2008-02-02]
Books by Kennedy
*cite book|last=Kennedy Jr.|first=Robert F.|title=Judge Frank M. Johnson, Jr: A biography|publisher=Putnam|year=1978|id=ISBN 0-399-12123-4
*cite book|last=Cronin|first=John|coauthors=Robert F. Kennedy, Jr.|title="The Riverkeepers: Two Activists Fight to Reclaim Our Environment as a Basic Human Right"|publisher=Scribner|date=1999|location=New York|pages=
pages=304 pages|id=ISBN 0-684-84625-X
*cite book|last=Kennedy, Jr.|first=Robert F.|coauthor=Dennis Nolan (Illustrator}|title="
St. Francis of Assisi: A Life of Joy"|publisher=Hyperion|date=2004|id=ISBN 9780786818754
*cite book|last=Kennedy, Jr.|first=Robert F.|title=
Crimes Against Nature|publisher= HarperCollins|date=2005|location=New York|pages=256 pages|id=ISBN 0060746874
*cite book|last=Kennedy, Jr.|first=Robert F.|title="Robert F. Kennedy Jr.'s American Heroes: The Story of Joshua Chamberlain and the American Civil War"|publisher=Hyperion|date=2007|location=New York|pages=48 pages|url=http://www.hyperionbooksforchildren.com/board/displaybook.asp?id=1864|id=ISBN 9781423107712
* [http://superconsciousness.com/ Interview with Robert Kennedy, Jr. in SuperConsciousness Magazine, 2008]
* [http://www.depauw.edu/news/index.asp?id=20145 Lecture at DePauw University,
October 5, 2007]
* [http://www.kepplerspeakers.com/speakers/speakers.asp?1+EV+477 Robert F. Kennedy, Jr. Biography]
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