- American Agriculture Movement
The American Agriculture Movement is an organization consisting primarily of small American farmers, and was formed in 1977 in
Springfield, Coloradoby a group of farmers. The farmers attempted to organize a strike in which farmers would no longer buy or sell anything.
The organization demanded that the federal government establish higher prices of various crops, claiming that they needed "parity" between what they had to spend to grow crops versus revenues received from their crops. One of the slogans of the group was "Parity not Charity", as the farmers demanded that the government ensure that farmers were paid more for their crops. The farmers demanded to make as much profit per
acre, adjusted for inflation, as farmers did at the turn of the century.
December 10, 1977, approximately 5,000 farmers held a rally in Lincoln, Nebraska, and were joined by Nebraska governor J. James Exon. The farmers all rode their tractors, and soon other farm states had tractor rallies. Gloria Carter Spann, sister of President Jimmy Cartereven participated in one rally.
While the farmers appeared to have widespread sympathy, relatively few farmers actually went on strike and refused to grow crops. The organization therefore decided to have a tractor rally in
Washington, DC. In January 1978, nearly 3,000 farmers drove their tractors to Washington, many of them from thousands of miles away. Fact|date=February 2007 The Carter administration agreed that the Farmers Home Administrationwould stop all foreclosures, but soon after the rally was over resumed foreclosures of farms with past due loans.
In 1979, the farmers again drove their tractors to Washington, and drove on the mall, and blocked traffic, creating significant tie-ups. A blizzard hit while they were in town, and then the tractors became useful as they were the only vehicles that could reliably travel through the snow, often delivering doctors and nurses to hospitals. Fact|date=February 2007
One of the tractors driven to Washington can be seen in the
Smithsonianmuseum in Washington.
The American Agriculture Movement continues to lobby for changes in US farm policy. Its stated goals are as follows:
1. 100% Parity for all domestic and foreign used and/or consumer agriculture products.
2. All agricultural products produced for national or international food reserve shall be contracted at 100% parity.
3. Creation of an entity or structure composed of agriculture producers to advise and approve policies that affect agriculture.
4. Imports of agriculture products which are domestically produced must be stopped until 100% parity is reached. Thereafter, imports must be limited to the amount that the American producers cannot supply.
5. All announcements pertaining to any agricultural producing cycle shall be made far enough in advance that the producer will have adequate time to make needed adjustments in his operation
Some have claimed that the movement was co-opted by the
Posse Comitatus, and the organization shifted its focus from being concerned about farm prices to being concerned with an international conspiracy of Jewish bankers. [http://www.searchlightmagazine.com/index.php?link=template&story=44] .
* [http://www.aaminc.org/ Homepage]
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