The Advance-Rumely Company of
La Porte, Indianawas organized in 1915 as a producer of many types of agricultural machinery, most notably threshing machines and large tractors. Advance-Rumely was purchased by Allis-ChalmersManufacturing Company in 1931, and the company's main works would become what was later known as the "La Porte plant".
Thanks to various mergers and acquisitions, the company's origins stretched as far back as 1836. However, the origin of the two components of the corporate name -- Advance Thresher Company and M. Rumely Company -- were somewhat newer, though still long-lived in the agricultural equipment industry.
Advance Thresher and M. Rumely
Meinrad Rumelyemigrated from Germany in 1848, joining his brother John in the operation of a foundry in La Porte, Indiana. This basic operation gradually expanded by 1859 into the production of corn shellers and complete threshing machines powered by horses. Following success in this new field, Meinrad then bought out his brother's portion of the business and incorporated it as the M. Rumely Company by 1887. Starting in 1895, the line expanded to include steam-powered traction engines. Meinrad himself died in 1904, but his sons continued to manage the business. Rumely's most famous product, the kerosene-powered Rumely OilPulltraction engine, was first developed in 1909 and began selling to the public by 1910. [Swinford, Norm (1994). "Allis-Chalmers Farm Equipment 1914-1985." ISBN 0-929355-54-7. pp 334-336, 341.]
Meanwhile, Advance Thresher Company was founded in 1881 with a factory in
Battle Creek, Michigan. In addition to their namesake threshing machines, this company was also a prolific producer of steam traction engines.
Acquisitions and mergers
From 1911-1912, M. Rumely Company began purchasing other firms in the agricultural equipment business. Both Advance Thresher Company and
Gaar-Scott& Company were acquired during 1911. [http://members.tripod.com/Rumelypull/RumelyINFO.html Accessed Dec. 3, 2007.] Then, in 1912, Rumely expanded further with the purchase of Northwest ThresherCompany (out of Stillwater, Minnesota) and the American-AbellEngine and Thresher Company (out of Toronto, Ontario). [http://www.steamtraction.com/archive/2/ Accessed Dec. 3, 2007.]
All these companies were first reorganized in 1913 as two connected firms: the existing M. Rumely Co. Inc. (effectively the manufacturing side), and the new Rumely Products Co. (the sales and distribution side). A further reorganization brought about the final Advance-Rumely Company by 1915, a move which both streamlined the organization and highlighted its famous forebears. Advance-Rumely hadn't quite finished its expansion goals, either: the
Aultman-TaylorCompany of Mansfield, Ohiowas picked up in 1923.
Consolidation and takeover
Despite all of the history and diversity in engineering acquired along with all of their corporate assets during the 1910s, most of this was left by the wayside as Advance-Rumely sought to fold everything under its new
brand nameor that of Rumely. The general financial collapse of the Great Depression, beginning in 1929 and carrying on through the early 1930s, began to take its toll on Advance-Rumely.
As early as January 1930, the Rumely family began seeking a buyer for the company. Correspondence with
Otto Falk, president of the Allis-Chalmers Manufacturing Company, proved fruitful: A-C agreed to take over the firm and did so by May 1931.
Rumely had already discontinued its traction engine lines in favor of newer-style tractors, but Allis-Chalmers already had a line of those that was quite successful. Hence, the remaining Rumely-branded tractors were discontinued. A-C was more interested in Advance-Rumely's line of threshing and harvesting machines (not to mention the sprawling plants that built them). Also of interest to Allis-Chalmers was Rumely's extensive dealer network, which was instantly converted to the complete A-C product line. And the "La Porte plant", as Advance-Rumely's main headquarters was now called, became known as the "Harvester Capitol of the World" thanks to its eventual production of Allis-Chalmers' successful All-Crop harvester line.
Allis-Chalmers itself would eventually succumb to
bankruptcyand the dismantling of its vast business interests in 1985, but by that time Advance-Rumely was very much a memory.
Please note that this is most likely far from a complete list, but is representative of the bulk of Advance-Rumely's production (and that of some of its forebears). [http://members.tripod.com/Rumelypull/RumelySN.html Accessed Dec. 3, 2007.] Research is ongoing.
Traction engines and tractors
Advance Traction Engine(1885-1917)
Gaar-ScottTraction Engine (1885-1914)
Rumely Traction Engine(1895-1916)
Advance-Rumely Number 1 Combine(1925-1929)
Advance-Rumely Number 2 Combine(1926-1930)
Advance-Rumely Number 3 Combine(1927-1936; line carried on by Allis-Chalmers after purchase)
Advance-Rumely Number 4 Combine(1928-1929)
Grain processing equipment
Advance-Rumely Corn Sheller(1924-1925)
Rumely Corn Shredder(1901-1928)
Rumely Thresher(1904-1936; line carried on by Allis-Chalmers after purchase)
In addition to these lines, Advance-Rumely also offered
stationary engines, silo fillers, water wagons, cream separators, plows, and a line of lubricating oils designed for the company's tractor lines. In addition, there is evidence that the company produced a cargo truck, but data is scarce.
* Wendel, Charles H. (1993) "The Allis-Chalmers Story." ISBN 0873499271
* [http://www.chem.utoronto.ca/~jford/ Some preserved Rumely tractors]
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