Dynasties in Chinese history


Dynasties in Chinese history
History of China
History of China
ANCIENT
3 Sovereigns and 5 Emperors
Xia Dynasty 2100–1600 BC
Shang Dynasty 1600–1046 BC
Zhou Dynasty 1045–256 BC
 Western Zhou
 Eastern Zhou
   Spring and Autumn Period
   Warring States Period
IMPERIAL
Qin Dynasty 221 BC–206 BC
Han Dynasty 206 BC–220 AD
  Western Han
  Xin Dynasty
  Eastern Han
Three Kingdoms 220–280
  Wei, Shu and Wu
Jin Dynasty 265–420
  Western Jin 16 Kingdoms
304–439
  Eastern Jin
Southern and Northern Dynasties
420–589
Sui Dynasty 581–618
Tang Dynasty 618–907
  (Second Zhou 690–705)
5 Dynasties and
10 Kingdoms

907–960
Liao Dynasty
907–1125
Song Dynasty
960–1279
  Northern Song W. Xia
  Southern Song Jin
Yuan Dynasty 1271–1368
Ming Dynasty 1368–1644
Qing Dynasty 1644–1911
MODERN
Republic of China 1912–1949
People's Republic
of China

1949–present
Republic of
China (Taiwan)

1949–present
This box: view · talk · edit
Territories occupied by different dynasties as well as modern political states throughout the history of China

The following is a chronology of the dynasties in Chinese history.

Chinese history is not as neat as is often described and it was rare for one dynasty to change peacefully into the next. Dynasties were often established before the overthrow of an existing regime, or continued for a time after they had been defeated. For example, the conventional date 1644 marks the year in which the Manchu Qing dynasty armies occupied Beijing and brought Qing rule to China proper, succeeding the Ming dynasty. However, the Qing dynasty itself was established in 1636 (or even 1616, albeit under a different name), while the last Ming dynasty pretender was not deposed until 1662. This change of ruling houses was a messy and prolonged affair, and the Qing took almost twenty years to extend their control over the whole of China. It is therefore inaccurate to assume China changed suddenly and all at once in the year 1644.

In addition, China was divided for long periods of its history, with different regions being ruled by different groups. At times like these, there was not any single dynasty ruling a unified China. As a case in point, there is much dispute about times in and after the Western Zhou period.

Dynasty Rulers Years
Three Sovereigns and the Five Emperors 三皇五帝 sān huáng wǔ dì (list) 3500-2070 BCE ???
Xia Dynasty xià (list) 2070–1600 BCE 470
Shang Dynasty shāng (list) 1600–1029 BCE 554
Western Zhou Dynasty 西周 xī zhōu (list) 1029–771 BCE 275
Eastern Zhou Dynasty

Traditionally divided into
Spring and Autumn Period
Warring States Period

東周 / 东周


春秋
戰國 / 战国

dōng zhōu


chūn qiū
zhàn guó

(list)


(list)
(list)

770–256 BCE


722–476 BCE
475–221 BCE

514


246
254

Qin Dynasty qín (list) 221–206 BCE 15
Western Han Dynasty 西漢 / 西汉 xī hàn (list) 206 BCE–9 CE 215
Xin Dynasty xīn (list) 9–23 14
Eastern Han Dynasty 東漢 / 东汉 dōng hàn (list) 25–220 195
Three Kingdoms 三國 / 三国 sān guó (list) 220–265 45
Western Jin Dynasty 西晉 / 西晋 xī jìn (list) 265–317 52
Eastern Jin Dynasty 東晉 / 东晋 dōng jìn (list) 317–420 103
Southern and Northern Dynasties 南北朝 nán běi cháo (list) 420–589 169
Sui Dynasty suí (list) 581–618 37
Tang Dynasty táng (list) 618–907 289
Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms 五代十國 / 五代十国 wǔ dài shí guó (list) 907–960 53
Northern Song Dynasty 北宋 běi sòng (list) 960–1127 167
Southern Song Dynasty 南宋 nán sòng (list) 1127–1279 152
Liao Dynasty 遼 / 辽 liáo (list) 916–1125 209
Jin Dynasty jīn (list) 1115–1234 119
Yuan Dynasty yuán (list) 1271–1368 97
Ming Dynasty míng (list) 1368–1644 276
Qing Dynasty qīng (list) 1644–1911 268
Timeline graph

See also

References

  • China Handbook Editorial Committee, China Handbook Series: History (trans., Dun J. Li), Beijing, 1982, 188-89; and Shao Chang Lee, "China Cultural Development" (wall chart), East Lansing, 1984.

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Chinese History, National Museum of — ▪ museum, Beijing, China Chinese (Pinyin)  Zhongguo Lishi Bowuguan , (Wade Giles romanization)  Chung kuo Li shih Po wu Kuan        museum in Beijing, one of two important museums in a large building on the east side of Tiananmen Square. The… …   Universalium

  • Timeline of Chinese history — History of China ANCIENT …   Wikipedia

  • Chinese historiography — History of China ANCIENT …   Wikipedia

  • Chinese art — Chinese jade ornament with dragon and phoenix design, late Spring and Autumn Period (722 BC 482 BC) …   Wikipedia

  • Chinese sovereign — History of China ANCIENT …   Wikipedia

  • History of the People's Republic of China —     1949–1976, The Mao Era         …   Wikipedia

  • History of the People's Republic of China (1949–1976) — History of the People s Republic of China     1949–1976, The Mao Era         …   Wikipedia

  • Chinese economic reform — History of the People s Republic of China     1949–1976, The Mao Era         …   Wikipedia

  • History of China — Approximate territories occupied by different dynasties as well as modern political states throughout the history of China …   Wikipedia

  • Chinese coins — Ancient Chinese coins were produced continuously for around 2,500 years by casting in moulds, rather than being struck with dies as with most western coins.Collectors can obtain affordable yet old, beautiful, and interesting coins associated with …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.