Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum


Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum
HH The Emir Sheikh
Mohammed bin Rashid
Al Maktoum
محمد بن راشد آل مكتوم
Prime Minister of the United Arab Emirates
Incumbent
Assumed office
5 January 2006
Acting until 11 February 2006
President Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan
Deputy Sultan bin Zayed Al Nahyan (2006–09)
Hamdan bin Zayed Al Nahyan (2006–09)
Saif bin Zayed Al Nahyan (2009–)
Mansour bin Zayed Al Nahyan (2009–)
Preceded by Maktoum bin Rashid Al Maktoum
1st Minister of Defense of the United Arab Emirates
Incumbent
Assumed office
December 1971
President Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan
Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan
Prime Minister Maktoum bin Rashid Al Maktoum
Rashid bin Saeed Al Maktoum
Emir of Dubai
Incumbent
Assumed office
4 January 2006
Deputy Hamdan bin Rashid Al Maktoum
Maktoum bin Mohammed Al Maktoum
Preceded by Maktoum bin Rashid Al Maktoum
Crown Prince of Dubai
In office
4 January 1995 – 4 January 2006
Monarch Maktoum bin Rashid Al Maktoum
Succeeded by Hamdan bin Mohammed Al Maktoum
Personal details
Born 22 July 1949 (1949-07-22) (age 62)
Dubai, Trucial States
Religion Sunni Islam
Father Rashid bin Saeed Al Maktoum
Heir Apparent Hamdan bin Mohammed Al Maktoum

Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum (Arabic محمد بن راشد آل مكتوم; Muḥammad bin Rāshid al Maktūm), also Sheikh Mohammed, (born July 22, 1949), is the Prime Minister and Vice President of the United Arab Emirates (UAE), and absolute monarch of Dubai.

Contents

Personal life and education

He is the third of Rashid bin Saeed Al Maktoum's four sons (members of Dubai's ruling family Al Maktoum and descendants of the House of Al-Falasi, of which he is the tribal leader[1]). From the age of four, Sheikh Mohammed was privately tutored in Arabic and Islamic Studies. In 1955, he began his formal education at Al Ahmedia School. At the age of 10, he moved to Al Shaab School, and two years later, he went to Dubai Secondary School. In 1966, he and his cousin, Sheikh Mohammed bin Khalifa Al-Maktoum, attended the Bell Educational Trust's English Language School in the United Kingdom.[citation needed]

His senior wife is Sheikha Hind bint Maktoum bin Juma Al Maktoum whom he married in 1979. His best-known junior wife is HRH Princess Haya bint Al Hussein, daughter of King Hussein of Jordan and half-sister of current King Abdullah II of Jordan, whom he married on April 10, 2004, and with whom he has one child, a daughter, AlJalila, born December 2, 2007.[2][3][4] Sheikh Mohammed has 21 officially acknowledged children: eight sons and thirteen daughters.

Al Maktoum, his sons, and his daughters are known to be avid enthusiasts of traditional Arabic poems and arts, and take part in projects to aid developing countries such as Jordan, Egypt, the Palestinian Authority and Yemen. He writes poetry in Nabati (colloquial Arabic.) [5] They are also sport enthusiasts, especially in horse and camel racing. For example, in the 15th Asian Games in 2006, his son Rashid took the individual gold in Endurance, his sons Rashid, Ahmed, Majid, and Hamdan took the team gold in Endurance,[6] his niece Latifa took a bronze in Show Jumping,[7] and his daughter Maitha led the UAE team in taekwondo .[8]

Thoroughbred horse racing

Sheikh Mohammed is a major figure in international thoroughbred horse racing and breeding. In late 1981, he purchased Gainsborough Stud at Woolton Hill, near Newbury, Berkshire, United Kingdom. He owns Ballysheehan Stud in County Tipperary, Ireland. He also owns Gainsborough Farms Inc in Versailles, Kentucky, United States. His racing operations includes the ownership of Darley Stables and he is the leading partner in his family's Godolphin Stables. Sheikh Mohammed hosts the Dubai World Cup, the world's richest series of horse races.[citation needed]

In the UK, his horses have won numerous important Group One races including several of the British Classic Races. His horses have also won the Irish Derby Stakes and the Prix de l'Arc de Triomphe and in the United States the 2006 Preakness Stakes with Bernardini.[citation needed]

In 2008, he bought the Woodlands Stud empire for more than more than $460 million[9].

Political and business career

On January 3, 1995, Sheikh Maktoum bin Rashid Al Maktoum signed two decrees that appointed Sheikh Mohammed as Crown Prince of Dubai.

Sheikh Mohammed oversaw the development of numerous projects in Dubai including the creation of the Palm Islands and the luxury Burj Al Arab hotel. He also promoted the construction of Burj Khalifa, which is now the tallest free-standing structure in the world, world's tallest building; its official opening was on Monday, 4 January 2010. During his tenure as Crown Prince he set up Dubai Holding, the debt laden and financially troubled holding company with multi-diversified businesses and investments. He currently owns 99.67% of the company.[10]

After roughly a decade of de facto rulership,[11] he became the Ruler of Dubai on January 4, 2006 upon the death of his elder brother Sheikh Maktoum bin Rashid Al Maktoum. He was also nominated by the President of the UAE, Sheikh Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan, to be the next Prime Minister and Vice President of the UAE on January 5, 2006. The members of the UAE Federal National Council accepted the President's nomination shortly after.[citation needed]

Net worth

His wealth is estimated at USD$ 12 billion by Forbes magazine.

Charity

Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum has been known for his vast charitable donations. On May 19, 2007, he announced plans to give $US100m to set up the Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum Foundation, an educational foundation in the Middle East, one of the largest charitable donations in history.[12] Sheikh Mohammed stated that the money is meant to bridge the knowledge gap between the Arab region and the developed world, improving the standard of education and research in the region, developing leadership programs for youth, and stimulating job creation. The announcement was made at the 2007 World Economic Forum in Jordan.

One of the Foundation's key initiatives is Bayt Ul Hikma۔

Dubai Cares

In September 2007, he launched the Dubai Cares campaign to raise money to educate 1 million children in poor countries. The campaign is Dubai's contribution to the U.N. Millennium Development Goals for providing Children's Primary Education to every child by 2015. The amount donated to this campaign has exceeded AED 1.65 billion (Approximately US$ 450 million).[citation needed]

Noor Dubai

On September 3, 2008, Sheikh Mohammad also launched a new Ramadan initiative under the name "Noor Dubai", aiming to help the World Health Organization (WHO) and International Agency for the Prevention of Blindness (IAPB) in achieving its goals outlined in VISION 2020: the Right to Sight. Noor Dubai will treat and provide health services to one million people suffering from treatable blindness and visual impairment in developing countries on a local, regional, and international scale.[citation needed]

Controversies

Ruling Family of Dubai
Flag of Dubai.svg

HH The Emir Sheikh
HH Sheikha Hind

  • HH The Hereditary Prince
  • HH Sheikh Majid bin Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum
  • HH Sheikha Hassa
  • HH Sheikh Rashid
  • HH Sheikh Maktoum
  • HH Sheikh Ahmed
  • HH Sheikh Saeed
  • HH Sheikha Latifa(2)
  • HH Sheikha Maryam(2)
  • HH Sheikha Sheikha
  • HH Sheikha Futaim
  • HH Sheikha Salamah
  • HH Sheikha Shamma

With Other Wives (unknowns)

HRH Princess Haya of Jordan



HH The Late Emir
HH Sheikha Alia

  • HH Sheikh Saeed

HH Sheikh Hamdan


HH Sheikh Ahmed


HH Sheikh Mohammed

This box: view · talk · edit

In 2000, the Sheikh funded 4 million euro for the construction of the Essalaam mosque in Rotterdam, The Netherlands, which led to a major controversy.[13]

Since 2000, international equestrian athletes affiliated with UNICEF have worked to end the "scourge of modern slavery in mounted sports,"[14] by putting public and diplomatic pressure on Sheikh Mohammed and the UAE government. In 2005, a UNICEF-sponsored programme with the UAE government resulted in the repatriation of hundreds of children formerly enslaved as camel jockeys, and provided them with social services and compensation upon return to their home countries of Pakistan, Sudan, Mauritania, and Bangladesh. The UAE government set aside $US2.7 million in initial funding in 2005 with an additional $US9 million for the second phase, and to enforce compliance, adopted a law officially banning the practice with penalties of jail time and a $US27,200 fine.[15] UNICEF endorsed the UAE’s efforts and expressed the hopes that “the UAE’s programme will serve as a model to other countries in the region, as a means of ending all forms of exploitation of children”.[16]

In September 2006, Sheikh Mohammed was accused of encouraging the abduction and enslavement of thousands of boys for use as jockeys in camel races. A class-action suit was filed against him in the state of Florida.[17][18][19][20] However, in 2006, American lawyers representing the UAE raised a motion to dismiss the lawsuit, not on its substance but on the grounds that none of the involved parties resided in the U.S. In July 2007, judge Cecilia Altonaga accepted the motion and dismissed the suit.[citation needed]

On 9 March 2007, the London-based Metro newspaper wrongly published a picture of Sheikh Mohammed, attributing it to the terror suspect Khalid Shaikh Mohammed. The Metro has since apologized for the error.[21]

References

  1. ^ Home
  2. ^ Khaleej Times Interview on the princess's official website
  3. ^ The Royal News, 2004-04-10
  4. ^ Shaikh Mohammad and Princess Haya blessed with a baby girl Gulf News (2 December 2007). Retrieved 2 December 2007.
  5. ^ "The Poet"
  6. ^ UAE EQUESTRIAN RACING FEDERATION
  7. ^ Latifa does UAE proud as she qualifies for Beijing Olympics, UAE interact
  8. ^ "Shaikha Maitha bound for Beijing Olympics". Gulf News. 2008-03-24. http://archive.gulfnews.com/indepth/olympics08/sports/10199968.html. Retrieved 2008-06-15. 
  9. ^ "Meet racing's new king - Horseracing - Sport - smh.com.au". smh.com.au. 2011 [last update]. http://www.smh.com.au/news/horseracing/meet-racings-new-king/2008/03/24/1206207012905.html. Retrieved September 6, 2011. 
  10. ^ "Dubai Holding Profile", Zawya.
  11. ^ BBC report, 2006-01-05
  12. ^ Leyne, Jon (2007-05-19). "Dubai ruler in vast charity gift". BBC News. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/middle_east/6672923.stm. Retrieved 2007-05-19. 
  13. ^ "Maktoum Moskee in Rotterdam Zuid na 7,5 jaar OPEN! - Ansaar Community". Forums.ansaar.nl. http://forums.ansaar.nl/moskee%EBn/47056-maktoum-moskee-rotterdam-zuid-na-7-5-jaar-open.html. Retrieved 2011-09-03. 
  14. ^ UNICEF Unite for Children Website http://www.uniteforchildren.ca/
  15. ^ UAE-US Relations; http://www.uae-us.org/page.cfm?id=63
  16. ^ UNICEF Website http://www.unicef.org/media/media_26692.html
  17. ^ Gumbel, Andrew (2006-09-15). "Dubai princes accused of masterminding trade in jockey slaves". The Independent (London). http://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/americas/dubai-princes-accused-of-masterminding-trade-in-jockey-slaves-416101.html. Retrieved 2010-05-13. 
  18. ^ "Dubai's ruler accused of slavery". BBC News. 2006-09-14. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/middle_east/5346430.stm. Retrieved 2010-05-13. 
  19. ^ A Dubai Leader Faces Charges of Enslavement - September 14, 2007 - The New York Sun
  20. ^ Cover Bio from Current Biography Monthly Magazine - April 2008
  21. ^ Sheikh Mohammed apology, Metro News, Friday, 9 March 2007

External links

Further reading

  • My Vision - Challenges in the Race for Excellence by Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum (2006); in Arabic; explains the vision of Sheikh Mohammed for Dubai
  • Dubai The Maktoum Story by John M. Smith; in English; a book which criticizes the governance of Sheikh Mohammed
Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum
Born: 1949
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Maktoum bin Rashid Al Maktoum
Ruler of Dubai
2006–present
Incumbent
Political offices
Preceded by
Maktoum bin Rashid Al Maktoum
Prime Minister of the United Arab Emirates
2006–present
Incumbent

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