- Drum roll
A drum roll (or roll for short) is a technique the percussionist employs to produce a sustained sound on a percussion instrument. Rolls are used by composers to sustain the sound and create other effects, the most common of which is using a roll to build anticipation.
Snare drum roll
The most common snare drum roll is the closed (or "buzz") roll. The open roll (or "double-stroke roll") is played with double strokes alternating between the left and right hands; the closed roll or multiple-bounce roll is produced by applying slightly more pressure to the fulcrum upon impact which allows for the stick to bounce many times on the drum head. One stick hits the head slightly before the other bouncing stick is pulled up from the head. This produces a near-continuous sound when the technique is mastered.
Other than the open, double-stroke roll there are many other rolls and rudiments that sound like rolls when they are played fast enough (like the freehand technique or single paradiddle). In the table below, lower-case letters represent grace notes (drags, flams etc.) and hyphens represent rests.
Rudiment Sticking pattern Single-stroke roll RLRLRLRLRL Double-stroke roll RRLLRRLL Triple-stroke roll (or French Roll) RRRLLLRRRLLL Single paradiddle RLRR LRLL Double paradiddle RLRLRR LRLRLL Five-stroke roll RRLLR Seven-stroke roll RRLLRRL- LLRRLLR
Also, the six-stroke roll, perhaps a misleading name, is often used in snare solo and marching percussion situations. It has four variations; each is a quarter note in length and consists of two double strokes (RRLL) and two singles (R L). Doubles:
Six-stroke rolls R L RRLL(paradiddle-diddle) L R LLRR(paradiddle-diddle left hand based) R LLRR L L RRLL R RRLL R L LLRR L R RR L R LL LL R L RR
Rolls on timpani are almost exclusively single-stroked. Due to the instruments' resonance, a fairly open roll is usually used, although the exact rate at which a roll is played depends greatly on the acoustic conditions, the size of the drum, the pitch to which is it tuned and the sticks being used. Higher pitches on timpani require a faster roll to maintain a sustained sound; some timpanists choose to use a buzz roll on higher notes at lower volumes; although there is no definite rule, most timpanists who employ this technique do so on a high "G", and above. In the end, it often comes down to the discretion of the timpanist.
These are similar to the timpani rolls in that they are done nearly the same way and are both single-stroked. Yarn mallets usually can be rolled much more easily on a marimba than plastic ones can be on a xylophone, because the extra reverberation of a marimba will mask the silent gaps between strokes. For this reason, the rolls can be much slower and still effective. But for xylophone and orchestra bells a much swifter roll is required, especially for rubber or plastic mallets. A brass mallet used with orchestra bells will add extra vibration to aid in the smoothing of the sound.
To get these faster rolls, percussionists (keyboard, snare and timpani) all often use the muscles of their fingers instead of those of the wrists. The fingers have a shorter rotation length and can move faster with less effort than the wrist. Finger muscles are usually not as well developed, so percussionists, especially of the middle or high school age, will be seen twirling or rolling their sticks and mallets through their fingers rapidly. This differs in some way from the twirling majorettes perform.
Fulcrum roll/one handed roll/gravity roll
The fulcrum roll is a roll in which the rim of the snare is used as a fulcrum for the drummers stick. To perform a consistent fulcrum roll the stick must come in contact with the head and rim at exactly the same time and then tip down towards the drummer. The drummer must then raise the stick to produce an up stroke. The wrist of the drummer also must stay straight, as if shaking someone's hand. This is one of the easier and more commonly used forms of a "one handed roll". The second common, albeit more difficult form consists of the drummer bouncing the stick alternately off of the middle and ring fingers.
In most recent music, all three types of rolls are notated as tremolos, with slashes through the note stem:
- One slash denotes two strokes with the same hand, equal in length, whose total length equals the value of the actual note. This notation is exclusively used to notate open (double stroke) rolls.
- Thus, four 16th notes, each with a single slash through it, would be played:
- Two slashes denote either four strokes with the same hand, equal in length, whose total length equals the value of the actual note, or four strokes with the sticking alternating every other note, whose total length adds up to the value of the written note.
- Thus, four 16th notes, each with two slashes through it, would be played, either:
- Three slashes almost universally denote closed (buzz) rolls.
However, in some older pieces, as well as some recent timpani music, timpani and keyboard rolls are notated as trills. Several composers, including Berlioz, are specific in noting the different between a tremolo and a "trill" style roll; timpanists performing works with both of these composition techniques must note the differences and perform accordingly.
Rudimental percussion Technique People Organizations General
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
drum roll — drum rolls also drumroll N COUNT A drum roll is a series of drumbeats that follow each other so quickly that they make a continuous sound. A drum roll is often used to show that someone important is arriving, or to introduce someone. A long drum… … English dictionary
drum|roll — «DRUHM ROHL», noun. a roll of drums; the sound or beating of a drum or drums: »With the quietest of diplomatic drumrolls, he relinquished control of the 60 divisions in NATO s European defense mechanism (Time) … Useful english dictionary
drum-roll — n a quick continuous beating of a drum, used especially to introduce an important event … Dictionary of contemporary English
drum roll — ► NOUN ▪ a rapid succession of drumbeats … English terms dictionary
drum roll — noun the sound of a drum (especially a snare drum) beaten rapidly and continuously • Syn: ↑paradiddle, ↑roll • Derivationally related forms: ↑roll (for: ↑roll) • Hypernyms: ↑ … Useful english dictionary
drum roll — UK / US noun [countable] Word forms drum roll : singular drum roll plural drum rolls a continuous series of beats on a drum, especially when something exciting is going to happen … English dictionary
drum roll — /ˈdrʌm roʊl/ (say drum rohl) noun a flourish made by producing a roll (def. 57) on a drum or a number of drums … Australian English dictionary
drum roll — noun A sound produced by hitting a drum repeatedly and rhythmical over short intervals … Wiktionary
drum roll — Cockney Rhyming Slang Hole Let s pop round to my drum (referring to someone s house) … English dialects glossary
drum roll — succession of drum beats in a crescendo like fashion that often ends with a clash of cymbals and usually signifies an introduction or presentation … English contemporary dictionary