- Giovanni Falcone
Giovanni Falcone (
May 18, 1939– May 23, 1992) was an Italian magistratewho specialised in prosecuting the Sicilian Cosa Nostra. He was killed by the Mafia, together with his wife and three of his bodyguards, by a 350 kg dynamite explosion placed beneath the motorway from Palermo Airport to Palermo at the town of Capaci.
His life story is quite similar to that of his closest friend
Paolo Borsellino. Both shared provenance from a rather poor area of Palermo, had careers as Antimafia magistrates, and equally sad fates: both were killed (less than two months apart) in particularly audacious bomb attacks in 1992. In recognition of their efforts in the anti mafia trials, the pair were named as heroes of the last 60 years in the November 13, 2006issue of " Time Magazine". [ [http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,1549798,00.html Giovanni Falcone & Paolo Borsellino] , Time Magazine, October 24, 2006]
Giovanni Falcone spent part of his youth in the Magione district in his native city
Palermo, which suffered extensive destruction by aerial attacks during the Allied invasion of Sicilyin 1943. He was the son of Arturo Falcone, director of a provincial chemical laboratory, and Luisa Bentivegna. After a classical education, Giovanni studied law following a brief period of study at Livorno's naval academy. Graduating in 1961, he began to practice law before being appointed a judge in 1964. Falcone eventually gravitated toward penal law after serving as a district magistrate. [http://www.bestofsicily.com/mag/art48.htm Remembering Judge Falcone] , Best of Sicily magazine, April 2002]
Shortly after the murder of judge
Cesare Terranova, Falcone started to work for the investigative branch of the Prosecution Office (Ufficio istruzione) in Palermo. In May 1980, the chief of the office Rocco Chinniciappointed Falcone to investigate a major heroin-trafficking network headed by Rosario Spatolaand Salvatore Inzerillo. From Sicily heroin was moved to the Gambino crime familyin New York, who were related to the Inzerillos. The prosecuting judge Gaetano Costawho had signed the 53 arrest warrants against the heroin-trafficking network of the Spatola-Inzerillo-Gambino clan in May 1980, was murdered on August 6, 1980, on the orders of Inzerillo.
Falcone introduced an innovative investigative technique, following "the money trail", to build his case. Subsequently, he became part of Palermo's
Antimafia Pool, created by judge Rocco Chinnici. The Antimafia pool was a group of investigating magistrates who closely worked together sharing information to diffuse responsibility and to prevent one person from becoming the sole institutional memory and solitary target. Next to Falcone the group consisted of Paolo Borsellino, Giuseppe Di Lelloand Leonardo Guarnotta.it icon [http://scuole.monet.modena.it/ipcorni/mafia/stocn53.htm Il Pool antimafia di Palermo] ]
The Antimafia pool laid the groundwork for the
Maxi Trialagainst the Sicilian Mafiaat the preliminary investigative phase. After Chinnici’s murder in July 1983, his successor Antonino Caponnettoheaded the pool. Falcone was one of the major organizers of the trial that began February 10, 1986and finished December 16, 1987. Of 474 Mafiosimembers originally charged, 360 were convicted of serious crimes, including 119 in absentia.
One of the most important factors in the trial was the testimony of
Tommaso Buscetta, one of the first ever Sicilian mafiosi to become an informant ( pentito). It was Falcone to whom Buscetta preferred to speak when giving up the secrets of the Mafia, as Buscetta later claimed that, whilst other magistrates and detectives patronized him, Falcone treated him with respect.
Falcone was killed with his wife
Francesca Morvillo(herself a magistrate) and three policemen: Rocco Di Cillo, Antonio Montinaro, Vito Schifani, in Capacion the motorway between Palermo International Airportand the city of Palermo(coord|38|10|58|N|13|14|41|E|type:landmark_region:IT) on May 23, 1992. The armored Fiat Cromain which he was travelling was blown up by a bomb (350 kg of explosive) that had been placed in trenches dug by the side of the road. When passing over the bomb, Falcone was driving his car at an estimated speed of nearly 100 mph (160 km/h.)
The murder was organized by
Salvatore Riinain revenge for Falcone's conviction of dozens of mobsters in the Maxi-Trials. In the major crackdown against the Mafia following Falcone and Borsellino's deaths, Riina was arrested and is now serving a life sentence for sanctioning the murders of both magistrates as well as many other crimes. Another mafioso convicted of the murder of Falcone is Giovanni Brusca, one of Riina's associates who admitted to being the one who actually detonated the explosives.
Falcone in film
*The last years of Falcone's life, the Maxi Trial and his assassination are documented in the
HBOmovie " Excellent Cadavers". In this film he is portrayed by Italian-American actor Chazz Palminteri.
*In 2006 a two-episode
TV moviewas broadcast by Italian state television RAI, dedicated to the magistrate, starring Massimo Dapportoas Falcone and Elena Sofia Riccias his wife Francesca Morvillo. It covers Falcone's life from the start of his mafia investigations in 1980, up to the assassination.
The Best of Youth" ("La Meglio Gioventù", 2003) part of the movie happens against the backdrop of Falcone's death.Fact|date=July 2007
* [http://www.fondazionefalcone.it/index2.htm Giovanni and Francesca Falcone Foundation]
* [http://www.raifiction.rai.it/raifiction2006fiction/0,,1564,00.html Giovanni Falcone TV movie] Official RAI home page
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Look at other dictionaries:
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Giovanni Falcone — Giovanni Falcone, Pa … Wikipedia Español
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Giovanni Brusca — (born May 20, 1957 in San Giuseppe Jato) is a former member of the Sicilian Mafia. He murdered the anti Mafia prosecutor Giovanni Falcone in 1992 and once stated that he had committed between 100 and 200 murders but was unable to remember the… … Wikipedia
Falcone (disambiguation) — Falcone may refer to:In airports: *Falcone Borsellino Airport, alternative name of the Palermo International Airport (Italy), after Giovanni Falcone and Paolo BorsellinoIn geography: *Falcone, Italy, a city in the Province of Messina, SicilyIn… … Wikipedia
Giovanni Brusca — ( * San Giuseppe Jato Sicilia 20 de febrero de 1957 ), conocido como lo Scannacristiani (el Matacristianos, debido a su amplio historial de asesinatos) y también U Verru , Il Porco (el cerdo)) o Il Maiale (el jabalí), es un conocido asesino de la … Wikipedia Español
Falcone (Homonymie) — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Falcone, une ville de Sicile en Italie. Giovanni Falcone, un juge italien assassiné par la mafia. Pierre Falcone, un homme d affaires français. L affaire… … Wikipédia en Français
Falcone (Begriffsklärung) — Falcone bezeichnet eine Gemeinde der Provinz Messina, siehe Falcone. Falcone ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Aniello Falcone (1607–1656), italienischer Maler und Kupferstecher Giovanni Falcone (1939–1992), italienischer Jurist und Mafia… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Giovanni Brusca — (* 20. Mai 1957 in San Giuseppe Jato (PA), Italien) ist ein ehemaliger Angehöriger der sizilianischen Cosa Nostra. Leben Giovanni Brusca war wie sein Vater und einer seiner beiden Brüder Mitglied der Mafia in San Giuseppe Jato. Schon sein… … Deutsch Wikipedia