- Agincourt, Toronto
official_name = Agincourt
subdivision_type2 = Country
subdivision_type1 = Province
subdivision_type = City
map_caption=Location of Agincourt South-Malvern West (green) and Agincourt North (blue) within Toronto
established_title = Settled
established_date = 1858
Agincourt is a very diverse community in Scarborough, the eastern portion of
Toronto, Ontario, Canada. It is located at coord|43|47|07|N|79|16|42|W|region:CA_type:city_scale:25000|display=inline,title and centred along Sheppard Avenuebetween Kennedy and Markham Roads (north-south includes lands between Highway 401 and Finch Avenue). It is sometimes tongue-in-cheek referred to as "Asian-court" by Torontonians due to the overwhelming Chinese and East Asian immigrant population residing there.
The neighbourhood of
Tam O'Shanter-Sullivanto the west is sometimes included as part of Agincourt. Both regions are part of the electoral district of Scarborough-Agincourt, and the Agincourt Mall is located in Tam O'Shanter. It is officially recognized by the City of Toronto as occupying the neighbourhoods of Agincourt South-Malvern West and Agincourt North.
The village of Agincourt was officially founded with the establishment of the Agincourt
post office, opened in June 1858 by John Hill. The name of the settlement was after Azincourtin northern Franceand was intended to satisfy a French Canadian Post Office Department bureaucrat who demanded that Hill give his settlement a French name, however the Azincourt in France is also the site of a decisive English victory over French forces in 1415. The original crossroads of Agincourt is located at Midland Avenue and Sheppard and served a rural agricultural population.
A Presbyterian church was built on the north-east corner, which is today's Knox United Church. In addition, a school was built, which has evolved over time into Agincourt Junior Public School (primary) and
Agincourt Collegiate Institute(secondary, founded 1915), both part of the Toronto District School Board.
Two railway stations were constructed in the second half of the 19th century at Agincourt, one located just west of the original crossroads. This station, on the
Canadian National Railwaysline heading north from the Scarborough Junction at the Toronto - Montréal mainline, greatly improved access. This line still exists today as a route on the Greater Toronto Area GO Transitcommuter rail system, and the Agincourt Station carries many commuterson the Stouffville line. CP Railruns diagonally through the area, and branches out east of the former village, to serve Peterborough, Ontario, and Montreal. CP built a marshalling yard between McCowan and Markham Roads in the 1960s. Commuter rail service to Toronto's Union Station was offered on the CP Rail line, but was discontinued in the 1970s.
Agincourt saw an influx of Hong Kong Chinese and Taiwanese during the 1980s, especially around Sheppard Avenue and Midland Avenue. Since the development of Agincourt's Dragon Centre Mall in the 1980s, it has become a booming "Chinatown" and was the vanguard for the proliferation of "Chinese malls", large malls with restaurants and stores catering specifically to the Chinese community, across the GTA. Since 2000, the Agincourt Chinese population is spread thinly and many are leaving for communities north of Toronto. Pockets of Chinese areas are likely to remain, but they will be less vibrant when compared to the late 1980s and early 1990s.
* [http://www.toronto.ca/demographics/cns_profiles/cns128.htm City of Toronto - Agincourt South-Malvern West Neighbourhood Profile]
* [http://www.toronto.ca/demographics/cns_profiles/cns129.htm City of Toronto - Agincourt North Neighbourhood Profile]
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