- Yang Xiong (author)
Yang Xiong (53 BCE–18) was a Chinese
Daoist, poet, and authorfrom modern Chengdu, Sichuan. His name written in Chinese is 揚雄, but it is frequently mistaken as 楊雄 in historical documents, for example the " Sancai Tuhui".
Yang is considered a
materialist. He did not believe human nature was inherently good as Mencius(fl. 4th century BCE) had written, nor inherently bad as Xunzi(c. 300–230 BCE) had written, but came into existence as a mixture of both. His works include the divinatory "Taixuan" (太玄, "Great Mystery"), the "Fayan" (法言, "Words to Live By") anthology, and the first dialect dictionary " Fangyan". He was a close associate of the official and philosopher Huan Tan(d. 28 CE), an Old Text realist who may have heavily influenced the works of Wang Chong(27–c. 100 CE).
* Chen, Keming and Zhang, Shancheng, [http://126.96.36.199/web/Content.asp?ID=57904&Query=1 "Yang Xiong"] . "
Encyclopedia of China" (Philosophy Edition), 1st ed.
* Zhu, Binjie, [http://188.8.131.52/web/Content.asp?ID=65242&Query=1 "Yang Xiong"] . "
Encyclopedia of China" (Chinese Literature Edition), 1st ed.
* [http://www.iep.utm.edu/y/yangxion.htm Yang Xiong] , Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy biography
* [http://www.silkqin.com/09hist/qinshibu/yangxiong.htm Yang Xiong] , "Qin Shi Bu" (琴史補; "Appended History of the
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