Julia Gillard


Julia Gillard

Infobox Deputy Prime Minister
honorific-prefix = The Honourable
name = Julia Gillard
honorific-suffix =
BA, LLB (Melb), MP


imagesize =200px
caption =
office =14th Deputy Prime Minister of Australia
term_start =3 December 2007
term_end =
primeminister =Kevin Rudd
predecessor =Mark Vaile
successor =
constituency_MP2 =Lalor
parliament2 =Australian
majority2 =
term_start2 =3 October 1998
term_end2 =
predecessor2 =Barry Jones
successor2 =
birth_date =Birth date and age|1961|9|29|df=y
birth_place =Barry, Wales, UK
death_date =
death_place =
nationality =Australia
party =Australian Labor Party
spouse =
relations =
children =
residence =Altona, Victoria [cite web
title = Forget Canberra, Altona has become the new heart of the nation
date=2008-01-02
url = http://www.theage.com.au/articles/2008/01/01/1198949817052.html
accessdate = 2008-10-05
]
alma_mater =University of Melbourne, University of Adelaide
occupation =Politician
religion =


website =
footnotes =

Julia Eileen Gillard (born 29 September 1961) is the Deputy Prime Minister of Australia and deputy leader of the federal Australian Labor Party (ALP).

Julia Gillard has been an ALP member of the Australian House of Representatives since October 1998, representing the Division of Lalor, Victoria. She was elected unopposed as Deputy Leader on 4 December 2006. She also became the Shadow Minister for Employment and Industrial Relations and the Shadow Minister for Social Inclusion on 10 December 2006. Following the 2007 Australian Federal Election she became Australia's first woman Deputy Prime Minister. cite web
title = Shadow Ministry
date=2006-12-10
url = http://eherald.alp.org.au/download/now/shadow_ministry.pdf
accessdate = 2007-05-18
]

Following Labor's victory in the 2007 Federal Election, Prime Minister Kevin Rudd announced that Gillard would serve as the Minister for Education, the Minister for Employment and Workplace Relations and also the Minister for Social Inclusion. [ [http://www.alp.org.au/media/1107/mspme290.php Australian Labor Party: A Ministry to Meet Australia's Future Challenges] ] She is the first woman - and the first foreign-born person - to hold the position of Deputy Prime Minister. Until 5 September 2008, when Quentin Bryce became Governor-General, she was the highest ranking woman in the history of the Australian government. From 11 to 13 December 2007 [ [http://www.radioaustralia.net.au/news/stories/s2114961.htm Radio Australia - News - Julia Gillard becomes Australia's first female acting PM ] ] she assumed the role of Acting Prime Minister after Kevin Rudd attended the United Nations Climate Change Conference in Bali, and became the first woman in Australia's history to be in the Prime Ministerial role. [cite web
title = Gillard becomes acting leader
date=2007-12-11
url = http://ukpress.google.com/article/ALeqM5g9CrGsIes9HZHqbrGaeNVOKFlvSQ
accessdate = 2007-12-13
]

Early life

Julia Gillard was born in Barry, Wales. In 1966 she migrated to Australia with her family, settling in Adelaide.

Gillard attended Unley High School, graduating in 1978. She then attended the University of Adelaide but later moved to Melbourne. In 1986 she graduated from the University of Melbourne with arts and law degrees and, the following year, joined the law firm Slater & Gordon at Werribee, working in the area of industrial law. In 1990 she was admitted as one of their first female partners.

Political provenance

In 1983 Gillard became the second woman to lead the Australian Union of Students.

Gillard was formerly the secretary of the left wing organisation, the Socialist Forum [ [http://www.news.com.au/story/0,23599,22544981-421,00.html Julia Gillard's history as a radical student activist | NEWS.com.au ] ] .

From 1996 to 1998 Gillard served as Chief-of-Staff to Victorian Opposition Leader, John Brumby.cite web
title = Ms Julia Gillard MP, Member for Lalor (Vic) | publisher = Australian Parliament House
url = http://www.aph.gov.au/house/members/biography.asp?id=83L | accessdate = 2007-05-18
] She was responsible for drafting the affirmative action rules within the Labor Party in Victoria, setting the target of women being preselected in 35 percent of winnable seats within a decade. She also played a role in the foundation of EMILY's List, the fund-raising and support network for Labor women.

Member of Parliament

Gillard was elected as Member for Lalor to the House of Representatives at the 1998 election. Her first speech to the house was made on 11 November 1998.cite web
title = Ms Julia Gillard MP, Member for Lalor (Vic), First Speech To Parliament
publisher = Australian Parliament House
date=1998-11-11
url =http://www.aph.gov.au/house/members/firstspeech.asp?id=83L
accessdate = 2007-05-18
]

hadow Minister for Population and Immigration (2001–03)

After Labor's defeat at the 2001 election, Gillard was elected to the Shadow Cabinet with the portfolio of Population and Immigration. In February 2003 she was given the additional portfolios of Reconciliation and Indigenous Affairs.

In the wake of the Tampa and Children Overboard affairs, which were partly credited with Labor's 2001 election loss, Gillard developed a new immigration policy for the Labor Party.

hadow Minister for Health (2003–06)

Gillard was promoted to the position of Shadow Health Minister in July 2003. Shortly after this the government moved the then Workplace Relations Minister, Tony Abbott, into the health portfolio. The rivalry between Abbott and Gillard often attracted the attention from the media. Additionally, she gained responsibility for managing opposition business in the House of Representatives.

In the aftermath of the Labor loss at the October 2004 election, it was speculated that Gillard might challenge Jenny Macklin for the deputy leadership, but she did not do so.

Gillard has been touted as a potential future leader of the party for some years but, until 2005, she stayed out of leadership contests. After Latham resigned as leader in January 2005, however, she emerged as a possible successor along with Kim Beazley and Kevin Rudd.

After appearing on the Australian Broadcasting Corporation's Australian Story program in March 2006cite web
title = Julia Gillard Interview Transcript
work =Australian Story
publisher = Australian Broadcasting Corporation
date = 6 March 2006
url = http://www.abc.net.au/austory/content/2006/s1585300.htm
accessdate = 2007-05-18
] cite web
title = The Gillard Diaries
work =Australian Story
publisher = Australian Broadcasting Corporation
date = 6 March 2006
url = http://www.abc.net.au/austory/content/2006/s1586140.htm
accessdate = 2007-09-04
] , an Ipsos Mackay poll in April 2006, conducted for the Ten Network's "Meet the Press" program, found that respondents would prefer Gillard to be Labor leader. She polled 32% compared to Beazley's 25% and Kevin Rudd's 18%.cite web
title = Julia Gillard preferred ALP leader: poll
publisher = The Age
date= 2 April 2006
url =http://www.theage.com.au/news/National/Julia-Gillard-preferred-ALP-leader-poll/2006/04/02/1143916403791.html
accessdate = 2007-05-18
] .

Although she had significant cross-factional support on 25 January 2005 she announced that she would not be contesting the leadership, allowing Beazley to be elected unopposed.

Deputy Leader of the Opposition

On 1 December 2006, in a cross factional political partnership with Kevin Rudd, Gillard launched a challenge for the deputy leadership of the ALP. Once Kevin Rudd was elected as leader the incumbent deputy leader and Kim Beazley's deputy, Jenny Macklin, did not contest the challenge and on 4 December 2006 Gillard was elected unopposed. In the frontbench reshuffle following the leadership change Gillard was elected to take the Employment and Workplace Relations portfolio.

Ministerial service

The Labor Party won the 2007 federal election and on 3 December 2007 Gillard was sworn in as Deputy Prime Minister. She is Australia's first female and first foreign-born Deputy Prime Minister and also the highest ranked female politician in Australian history.

In addition to the Deputy Prime Ministership, Gillard was given responsibility for a so-called 'Super Ministry', the Department of Education, Employment and Workplace Relations. However she has three distinct portfolios: Minister for Education; Minister for Employment and Workplace Relations; and Minister for Social Inclusion.

Personal life

Gillard's partner is hairdresser Tim Mathieson. cite web
title = Gillard defends childlessness
publisher = The Australian
date=2007-01-17
url = http://www.theaustralian.news.com.au/story/0,20867,21072127-2702,00.html
accessdate = 2007-08-31
]

ee also

* First Rudd Ministry

References

External links

* [http://www.aph.gov.au/house/members/member.asp?id=83L Official Federal HOR webpages for Julia Gillard]
* [http://mediacentre.dewr.gov.au/mediacentre/MinisterGillard/ Official Federal Ministrial webpages for Julia Gillard]
* [http://www.alp.org.au/people/vic/gillard_julia.php Official ALP webpages for Julia Gillard]
* [http://www.juliagillard.alp.org.au/ Official personal website]
*OpenAustralia


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