Gosplan


Gosplan

Gosplan or State Planning Committee (Russian: _ru. Госпла́н, IPA-ru|gɐˈsplan) was the committee responsible for economic planning in the Soviet Union. The word "Gosplan" is an ­abbreviation for Gosudarstvennyi Komitet po Planirovaniyu (Russian: _ru. Государственный комитет по планированию, State Committee for Planning). One of its main duties was the creation of Five-Year Plans.

History

The body was formed on February 22, 1921 as the "RSFSR State Planning Commission", by decree of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic's Sovnarkom. The GOELRO plan, the first large-scale Soviet plan to recover the Russian economy, was first to put Gosplan to the test. After the creation of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics on August 21, 1923, the USSR State Planning Commission of the USSR Council of Labour and Defence ( _ru. СТО СССР, Совет Труда и Обороны СССР) was established. The abbreviation "Gosplan" has been in use since 1921.

Initially Gosplan had an advisory role. Its primary objective was the co-ordination of the economic plans of Union republics and the creation of the common Union plan. In 1925 Gosplan started creating annual economic plans, known as "control numbers" ( _ru. контрольные цифры). who had worked on issues to do with electrification in 1920.

Its work was coordinated with the USSR Central Statistical Directorate ( _ru. центральное статистическое управление СССР), the Narkomat of Finance, and the All-Union Council of State Economy ( _ru. ВСНХ), and later with Gosbank and Gossnab.

With the introduction of five year plans in 1928, Gosplan became responsible for their creation and supervision according to the outlines set out by the Communist Party of the Soviet Union.

In 1930 the Statistical Directorate was merged into Gosplan, and on February 3, 1931 Gosplan was resubordinated to the Sovnarkom.

In May 1955 Gosplan was split into two commissions: the USSR Council of Ministers State Commission for Perspective Planning ( _ru. Государственная комиссия СМ СССР по перспективному планированию, USSR Gosplan), and the USSR Council of Ministers Economic Commission for Immediate State Economic Planning ( _ru. Государственнaая экономическая комиссия СМ СССР по текущему планированию народного хозяйства, Госэкономкомиссия СССР). These were, respectively, tasked with predictive and immediate planning. The work of the latter was based on the five-year plans delivered by Gosplan, with Gosplan planning 10–15 years ahead.

Gosplan was headquartered at the building now occupied by the Federation Council of Russia, in Moscow.

Regionalisation Commission

In May 1921, with the introduction of the New Economic Policy, Gosplan's Council of labour and Defense set up the Regionalisation Committee, tasked with developing a concrete plan for the economic-administrative organisation of the RSFSR. Largely composed of technical staff - professional engineers and economists from imperialist days, it was led by Ivan Gavrilovich Alexandrov, former member of the State Commission for the Electrification of Russia, but not however a member of the Bolshevik Party. The commission looked at alternatives to ethno-territorial regionalisation, discussing the issue with the People's Commissariat of Agriculture, the Central Statistical Directorate and the Supreme Soviet (VTsIK) Administrative Commission. ["Empire of Nations: Ethnographic Knowledge and the Making of the Soviet Union" by Francine Hirsch, Cornell University Press, 2005]

Heads of Gosplan

See also

*Planned economy

References


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Gosplan — (Russisch: Госплан IPA: [gʌˈsplan]) war das Komitee für die Wirtschaftsplanung der Sowjetunion. Das Wort „Gosplan“ ist eine Abkürzung für Gossudarstwennyi Komitet po Planirowaniju (Russisch: Государственный комитет по планированию, Staatskomitee… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • GOSPLAN — GOSPLA Comité du plan d’État, organe central de la planification soviétique, le Gosplan dépendait du Conseil des ministres de l’U.R.S.S. et traduisait, dans des plans nationaux spécifiques, les objectifs fixés par le Parti communiste et le… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Gosplán — Sede del Gosplan en Moscú. El Gosplan (ruso: Госплан) era el comité para la planificación económica en la Unión Soviética. La palabra Gosplan es una abreviatura de Gosudarstvennyi Komitet po Planirovaniyu (ruso: Государственный комитет по… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Gosplan — Le Gosplan (en russe Госплан, abréviation de Государственный комитет по планированию ou « Comité étatique pour la planification ») désigne en Union soviétique l organisme d État chargé de définir et de planifier les objectifs… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Gosplan — /gos plahn /, n. (in the Soviet Union) the official planning organization, which drew up projects embracing trade and industry, agriculture, education, and public health. [ < Russ Gosplán, for Gosudárstvennaya plánovaya komíssiya State Planning… …   Universalium

  • GOSPLAN — GOSPLẠN,   Kurzbezeichnung für russisch Gossudarstwennyj planowyj komitet sowjeta ministrow SSSR, Staatliches Plankomitee beim Minsterrat der UdSSR, seit 1921 (bis 1947 unter anderem Namen) Organ der Sowjetregierung zur Erarbeitung einheitlicher …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Gosplan — Junta central que fiscalizaba diversos aspectos de la economía planificada de la ex Unión Soviética. El nombre es la abreviación en ruso de Comité de planificación estatal. Creado en 1921, Gosplan originalmente asesoraba al gobierno, pero asumió… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • GOSPLAN — Gosoudarstvennaia Planovaia Komissiia (Russe. En franc. = Commission du Plan d État). Dans l ex URSS, organisme gérant la planification de l économie. Le GOSPLAN (créé en 1921) et la planification soviétique connurent dans les années 20 et 30 un… …   Sigles et Acronymes francais

  • Gosplan — /ˈgɒsplæn/ (say gosplan) noun (formerly) the official planning organisation of the Soviet Union, which drew up plans embracing trade and industry, agriculture, education, and public health …   Australian English dictionary

  • Gosplan — /gos plahn /, n. (in the Soviet Union) the official planning organization, which drew up projects embracing trade and industry, agriculture, education, and public health. [ < Russ Gosplán, for Gosudárstvennaya plánovaya komíssiya State… …   Useful english dictionary


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