Fratricide


Fratricide

Fratricide (from the Latin word "frater", meaning: "brother" and "cide" meaning to kill) is the act of a person killing his or her brother.

Related concepts are sororicide (the killing of one's sister), child murder (the killing of an unrelated child), infanticide (the killing of a child under the age of one year), filicide (the killing of one's child), patricide (the killing of one's father), matricide (the killing of one's mother), mariticide (the killing of one's husband) and uxoricide (the killing of one's wife). See also siblicide

The term may also be used to refer to friendly fire incidents. In a United States military context, it may also refer to an incident where the catastrophic failure and disintegration of one jet engine in a twin-engined fighter aircraft causes the damage or destruction of the second engine, and possibly leads to the loss of the entire aircraft.Fact|date=January 2008 It also refers to the possible destruction of one MIRV warhead by another.

Historical fratricides

uspected

* Cleopatra of Egypt may have had her younger brother and co-ruler Ptolemy XIV poisoned in 44 BC in order to replace him with Ptolemy XV Caesarion, her son by Julius Caesar.
* Cesare Borgia (14751507) was suspected of being involved in the assassination of his brother Giovanni, duke of Benevento and Gandia.
*King Juan Carlos of Spain, according to most accounts, accidentally shot and killed his brother Prince Alfonso at the family's summer home in 1956.
* Roger Troutman of the band Zapp was probably killed by his brother Larry Troutman during an argument in 1999.
* Bison Dele (formerly Brian Williams), former professional basketball player in the NBA, is believed to have been murdered at sea by his older brother Miles Dabord (formerly Kevin Williams) in 2002.

Fratricide in legend and fiction

Legend and mythology

* Medea killed her brother Apsyrtus in order to help Jason escape Colchis after obtaining the Golden Fleece. (Greek myth)
* In Völuspá, the forecast of the world in Nordic mythology, one of the signs of the end of the world is an increase in fratricides.
* Höðr murders his brother, Baldur in Nordic mythology.
* Romulus killed Remus, his twin brother and co-founder of Rome.
* Osiris, one of the principal deities of Egyptian mythology, was murdered by his evil brother Set. His wife and sister Isis resurrected him and he became the god of the dead and the underworld.
* Eteocles and Polynices kill each other in ensuing battle over the throne of Thebes, Greece in Sophocles' "Antigone (Sophocles)".
* When both change into different armor, Sir Balin and Sir Balan kill each other in a duel, with Balin shortly outliving his brother and realizing what had happened, according to Arthurian Legend.
* The Biblical story of Cain and Abel.

Literature and film

* Claudius killed King Hamlet, his brother, and married his sister-in-law, Gertrude, in order to become King of Denmark in William Shakespeare's "Hamlet".
* In the Thomas Harris novel "Hannibal", Margot Verger kills her brother Mason as revenge for his abuse of her when they were younger, as she was encouraged to do by her former therapist, Dr. Hannibal Lecter.
* In William Faulkner's "Absalom, Absalom!", Henry Sutpen murders his half-brother Charles Bon.
* In Kathryn Lasky's series "Guardians of Ga'hoole", Kludd attempts to kill his brother Soren by pushing him out of the nest.
* In the manga version of Naruto, Sasuke Uchiha kills his older brother Itachi in revenge for slaughtering the Uchiha clan.
* In Ludwig Kakumei, Julius makes several attempts to kill his step brother Ludwig, but fails. Julius thought he succeeded in his most recent attempt on Ludwig's life in the final chapters, but Ludwig was revived thanks to Dorothea's efforts.
* In "Invincible", the last book in the series, Jedi Knight Jaina Solo is forced to kill her twin brother Jacen in a lightsaber duel, after Jacen turns to the Dark Side and becomes a Sith Lord.

Film and television

* Michael Corleone (in "The Godfather, Part II") has his brother Fredo shot.
* Scar murders his older brother Mufasa in order to usurp his throne in "The Lion King" (it should be noted that the Lion King was based on Hamlet).
* In the 1979 anime, "Mobile Suit Gundam", Kycilia Zabi kills her brother, Gihren Zabi, to avenge her father's death.
*In "", destroys his own brother , by freezing him and shattering him.
*Dan Scott killed his older brother Keith Scott on "One Tree Hill" for what he thought was an attempt on his life. Later it was revealed that he killed his brother for no reason when his ex-wife Deb confessed to the deed.
*The Wig
* In the anime Code Geass, Lelouch Lamperouge kills his half-brother Clovis la Britannia, in order to stop a massacre ordered to cover up the loss and recovery of an illegal research subject.
*In the anime Shaman King, Yoh Asakura kills his twin brother Hao in order to prevent his genocidal agenda against humanity.

Video games

*In "", when twin girls were not available, twin brothers were used in a ritual in which one brother strangles the other. The one documented occurrence of this is when Itsuki Tachibana killed his brother Mutsuki. It is implied that Ryokan Kurosawa, the father of Yae and Sae Kurosawa, also killed his twin brother.
* In "Final Fantasy XII", Vayne Solidor, the main antagonist and eventual final boss, kills two of his older brothers at the order of his father, Emperor Gramis Solidor (whom Vayne eventually kills as well).
* In "", Raziel kills his vampire brothers as he seeks out his creator Kain.
*In the "Metal Gear (series)", Solid Snake commits fratricide and patricide.
*In "Devil May Cry", Dante kills his twin brother Vergil (under the guise of Nelo Angelo), unaware of the fact that Nelo Angelo was actually his twin brother.
*In "", Noob Saibot's ending shows him violently murdering his own brother, Sub-Zero with the help of Smoke by ripping him in half.
*In "Galerians", protagonist Rion Steiner kills his "brother" Cain, who strongly resembles him.
*In "Portal", the player earns the "Fratricide" achievement upon destroying the Weighted Companion Cube. This is a misnomer, as the Weighted Companion Cube is not related to the player character (it is, in fact, an inanimate object ).

Other

Ottoman Empire

In the Ottoman Empire a policy of judicial royal fratricide was introduced by Sultan Mehmet II. When a new Sultan ascended to the throne he would imprison all of his surviving brothers and kill them by strangulation with a silk cord as soon as he had produced his first male heir. The largest killing took place on the succession of Mehmed III when 16 of his brothers were killed and buried with their father. The aim was to prevent civil war as Islamic cultures had no fixed rules for royal succession (such as primogeniture) and bloody conflicts would erupt as the old king was approaching the end. The practice was abandoned in the 17th century by Ahmed I, replaced by imprisonment in the Kafes. This practice is alleged to have sent several future Sultans mad.


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • fratricide — 1. (fra tri si d ) s. m. Celui qui tue son frère ou sa soeur. •   Et cesse d aspirer au nom de fratricide, CORN. Hor. II, 5. •   La puissance impériale ne put délivrer un empereur fratricide d une fin tragique, LEMAÎTRE Plaidoyer 28. •   [Rome]… …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré

  • Fratricide — Frat ri*cide, n. [L. fratricidium a brother s murder, fr. fratricida a brother s murderer; frater, fratris, brother + caedere to kill: cf. F. fratricide.] 1. The act of one who murders or kills his own brother. [1913 Webster] 2. [L. fratricida:… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • fratricide — frat·ri·cide / fra trə ˌsīd/ n [Middle French, from Latin fratricida, from fratr frater brother + cida killing] 1: one that murders or kills his or her own brother or sister or an individual (as a countryman) having a relationship like that of a… …   Law dictionary

  • fratricide — mid 15c., person who kills a brother; 1560s, act of killing a brother, from L. fratricida brother slayer, from frater brother (see BROTHER (Cf. brother)) + cida killer, or cidum a killing, both from caedere to kill, to cut down (see CIDE …   Etymology dictionary

  • fratricide — ► NOUN 1) the killing of one s brother or sister. 2) the accidental killing of one s own forces in war. DERIVATIVES fratricidal adjective. ORIGIN from Latin frater brother + CIDE(Cf. ↑ cide) …   English terms dictionary

  • fratricide — [fra′trə sīd΄] n. [Fr < LL(Ec) fratricidium < L fratricida, one who kills a brother < frater, BROTHER + caedere, to kill (see CIDE)] 1. a) the act of killing one s own brother or sister b) the act of killing relatives or fellow… …   English World dictionary

  • fratricide — 1. fratricide [ fratrisid ] n. m. • fratrecide XIIe; rare av. XVIIIe; bas lat. fratricidium ♦ Meurtre d un frère, d une sœur. fratricide 2. fratricide [ fratrisid ] n. et adj. • XV e; lat. fratricida 1 ♦ N. Personne qui tue son frère ou sa sœur.… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • FRATRICIDE — s. m. Celui qui tue son frère ou sa soeur. Caïn fut le premier fratricide.   Il signifie aussi, Le crime que commet celui qui tue son frère ou sa soeur. Il a commis un fratricide …   Dictionnaire de l'Academie Francaise, 7eme edition (1835)

  • fratricide — noun a) The killing of ones brother (or sister). The conversion of Russia to Christianity was effected, it would seem by a monster of cruelty and lust. That Vladimir (980 1015) was a fratricide, who maintained 3,500 concubines, has not prevented… …   Wiktionary

  • fratricide — n. to commit fratricide * * * [ frætrɪsaɪd] to commit fratricide …   Combinatory dictionary


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